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III’s concept of himself as an honest and moral man contributed to his strength of character, but that was the sole political consequence of his maternal upbringing. His tutor Lord Bute taught the young Prince to revere the constitution as established by the Revolution Settlement. Political liberty in Britain, that phenomenon so widely admired in Europe, was the result of a system of checks and balances between the executive, headed by the monarch, and the legislature, embodied in the two Houses of Parliament, with the added safeguard of an independent judicature.7

in George III
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country applications of Italian republicanism (representation) and liberty to curb interference by the executive proved to be persistent. Importantly for the history of political thought, its usage to challenge government and social corruption during its Augustan incarnation in the eighteenth century was harnessed by Ramsay before it can be discovered in either Cato’s Letters or Bolingbroke. Ramsay adapted the examination of Roman history found in Britain and Bossuet, to underline the corruption of the British government due to the prominence of popular power and

in Ideas of monarchical reform
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As Europe was used by elements within the elite on both sides of the issue to secure electoral and political advantage, it is advantageous to define the character of the political elite. The definition of the political elite for the purpose of this book is Members of Parliament. This is because it was they who were directly involved in the political decision-making on Britain's membership of the Common Market, and so the evidence of their behaviour is readily available. Whilst this definition is utilised, however, it is apparent that there

in The British political elite and Europe, 1959–1984

M1206 MAGUIRE TEXT.qxp:Andy Q7 17/3/08 08:50 Page 170 5 Cumann na nGaedheal and the civil service, 1923–32 Introduction   1922  Provisional Government and pro-Treaty members of Sinn Féin regrouped in a new political party, Cumann na nGaedheal [Society of the Gael].1 On 6 December 1922, one year after the Treaty was signed, the Provisional Government came to an end and the first Executive Council of the Irish Free State was approved by Dáil Éireann. In August 1923 the ‘Constituent’ third Dáil dissolved and the general election returned the Cumann na

in The civil service and the revolution in Ireland, 1912–38
Irish farmers’ parties and land redistribution in the twentieth century

improve the IFU’s chances of benefiting from the establishment of close working relationships between organized farmers and the state.24 In the event, those who backed the idea of the IFU having its own political wing carried the day but ultimately at the cost of weakening the IFU. While power in the IFU was concentrated centrally in its annual congresses and in the national executive, power in the country was highly dispersed among the county branches. At the national level, the expectation was that the IFU and the Farmers’ Party would work in tandem with the latter

in Land questions in modern Ireland
Fear and corruption

between political and economic corruption. An excessive focus on wealth within the nature both at a personal and national level had seen taxes and trade generate a ‘general Spirit of Prodigality and Excess’.147 Riches were leading to an obsession that could cause the state’s ruination in two ways. First, the bribery of politicians by companies to do their bidding, and, second, the increase of the national debt as revenues decreased.148 Bolingbroke saw a genuine threat to the legislation (Commons) through the executive’s use of placemen and the interference in elections

in Ideas of monarchical reform

5 THE POLITICS AND POLITICISATION OF DISABILITY Introduction On 22 May 1922, Dai Watts Morgan, MP for the Rhondda valleys in south Wales, described the bitterness felt by permanently injured miners in his constituency to his honourable colleagues in the House of Commons. He outlined in uncomfortable detail their long struggle to receive a level of compensation that allowed a decent standard of living: In no case where [the miners] have been totally disabled for life have they received the maximum of £l a week. Such men, when they meet us from day to day or from

in Disability in industrial Britain

resignation from the Cabinet on 11 August 1917, it was not until 6 September, two days after he had secured the TUC’s support for his international policy, that he first raised the issue at the Labour Executive.42 Similarly, he presented his first formal draft of the new constitution to the Executive on 16 October, the same day that the agreement 9780719081033_2_C14.qxd 316 1/20/10 9:09 Page 316 The theory and practice of craft politics to establish joint offices was finalised with the Parliamentary Committee.43 It was only on the basis of this reaffirmed cooperation

in The tide of democracy
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executive directors at times of transition between appointments, Dr Tangerine Holt was the first woman to be formally appointed as executive director of the Commission, in 2011. Talk of commissioning an official history had come to nought back in 1990.1 The history finally written –​this book –​was not commissioned but was the outcome of an independent approach by Fulbright alumna Diane Kirkby to Executive Director Mark Darby to seek Australian Research Council funding for a Linkage Project of scholarly investigation. This study has located the Australian

in Academic ambassadors, Pacific allies
The veterans and the extreme right

Action combattante. Galland blamed the broken promises of members, while executive member Grasseau accused unnamed rivals of stealing the UNC’s programme. Does Action combattante’s failure prove a general distaste for political action among UNC veterans? In some areas this was the case. In the absence of membership lists one cannot specify the proportion of veterans that was favourable to Action combattante. The veterans’ rejection of • 119 • From victory to Vichy militant political action was not unanimous but it was not insignificant. The desire for politically

in From victory to Vichy