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Martin D. Moore

arrangements highlighted numerous problems. Yet innovations spread in face of such difficulties, with novel patterns of GP-led and community-based care reaching from Stirling to Poole and from Powys to King's Lynn. 2 This chapter explores how GPs became enrolled in novel diabetes management programmes, and why schemes for integrated care spread across the country. At its heart, the chapter positions the changing organisation of diabetes care within professional political projects. For hospital consultants, the attractions of co-operating with GPs were

in Managing diabetes, managing medicine
Dietary advice and agency in North America and Britain
Nicos Kefalas

the number of occasions on which individuals ate outside the home – at school or the workplace, for example – became more frequent. On both sides of the Atlantic during the middle decades of the twentieth century, there was increased medical, political and popular interest in, and concerns about, balanced diets and lifestyles, degenerative diseases, graceful ageing and optimal nutrition. Driven largely by the conditions generated by interwar economic recession and the ravages of the Second World War, providing better nutrition, fighting cancer

in Balancing the self
Catherine Cox

not necessarily the most important. The Lord Lieutenant was assisted in his duties by the Chief Secretary, a position which, by the late nineteenth century, 001-033 Chapter 1.indd 7 20/07/2012 08:51 8 Negotiating insanity in the southeast of Ireland, 1820–1900 carried far more ‘political weight than that of the Lord Lieutenant.’ As Virginia Crossman has demonstrated ‘the Chief Secretary acted as main exponent of government policy’ and ‘supervised the running of his office, the hub from which the spokes of government radiated.’ By the end of the century the

in Negotiating insanity in the southeast of Ireland, 1820–1900
Vicky Long

Healthy Factory: The Politics of Industrial Health in Britain, 1914–60 (Basingstoke, 2011), pp. 98–101. 57 NAWU Magazine, 18 (November, 1929), 11. The class-­based concerns of the early eugenics movement in Britain have been examined by G. R. Searle, Eugenics and Politics in Britain 1900–1914 (London, 1976). 58 NAWU Magazine, 18 (December, 1929), 12. 59 MRC, COHSE Archive, MSS.229/CO/1/3, National Executive Committee minutes, 6–8 December 1955. Flanaghan gave evidence to the Royal Commission on the Law Relating to Mental Illness and Mental Deficiency in 1955. At

in Destigmatising mental illness?
Defining the boundaries of social work, health visiting and public health nursing in Europe, 1918–25
Jaime Lapeyre

studies of midwifery between 1906 and 1917, as well as by her time as executive secretary of the Association of Tuberculosis Clinics in New York City.5 As one of her first tasks with the CPTF, Crowell undertook a survey of health visiting, evaluating several nurse training facilities in Paris.6 Upon completion of this survey, Crowell concluded that there were no trained health workers then available in France: ‘It was one of the first problems, one might almost say the very first, that the Commission had to face in 1917 … there were no trained health workers in France

in Histories of nursing practice
David Luesink

medicine 163 6.1  “Inaccurate” Chinese view of the body vs. the “accurate” western view of the body. was not a battle that could be won with propaganda in professional journals: real governmental power to establish the anatomical view of the body would be needed. But with an increasingly weak central government in the post-Yuan Shikai era, where would such power reside? Yu Yunxiu made it explicit: anatomically based medicine had not become popular in Japan without the backing of political power, and neither would it become popular in China without legislative and

in Historical epistemology and the making of modern Chinese medicine
Natasha Feiner

The focus here is on national, rather than intergovernmental, regulation. Specifically, this chapter traces how the relationship between the British state, business and individual workers shifted in regulatory terms between 1954 and 1982, a period of significant political change, with state interventionism being replaced, by the 1980s, with widespread faith in market mechanisms and a retrenchment of the state under the Conservative governments of Margaret Thatcher. The chapter argues, however, that existing historiographical assumptions need to be re

in Balancing the self
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From physician to neurologist
Stephen T. Casper

explained. At the same time, the advent of new political philosophies central to the emergence of the liberal industrial order created a new individualist political and economic culture, which simultaneously also engendered a new medicine of individuals.36 Although endowed differently by the Creator, individuals were nevertheless equally made up of the same malleable stuff – i.e. the flesh, bones, nerves and sinews of infinitely perfectible man. Medical and scientific knowledge of the body, in consequence, Neurologists.indb 6 06/01/2014 15:56:37 Introduction: from

in The neurologists
The co-creation of aural technology and disability
Coreen McGuire

discovery of acoustic sciences proceed. Can any of these discoveries be made serviceable in enabling the deafened to regain, even if only in measure, their contact with speech? Report of the Executive Committee to the Council of the National Institute for the Deaf, 1933. The telephone was originally designed for people with unproblematic hearing to communicate with each other. As the above report shows, it was thus a purely aural device –​like radio –​that served to further isolate hard-​of-​hearing people from key areas of everyday life. Yet a subsequent cross

in Rethinking modern prostheses in Anglo-American commodity cultures, 1820–1939
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Writing the history of the ‘International’ Health Service
Julian M. Simpson

the role of immigration in modern Britain. The marginalisation of migrants in historical accounts of Britain’s past is not just an unfortunate oversight that deprives us of a better understanding of a particular dimension of history. It supports contemporary political narratives that construct migrants as outsiders and obscures the fact that migrants have been essential to the functioning of the societies in which they live.8 This is not to say that this is a celebratory history: it engages critically with archival evidence and oral history interviews in order to

in Migrant architects of the NHS