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Harald Bauder

, its meaning varies between countries. Commentators do not always distinguish clearly between the different urban sanctuary practices in Europe and North America (e.g. Cities of Migration, 2009 ). This lack of clarity can conceal the variability and contextualised nature of sanctuary city policies and practices. Second, the concept ‘sanctuary city’ has been critiqued based on policies and practices that are highly context-particular (e.g. American Immigration Council, 2015 ). Such a critique can lose sight of the structural exclusion at the national scale that

in Sanctuary cities and urban struggles
Jonathan Darling

Cities are increasingly recognised as important destinations for refugees across the world. Indeed, as the chapters of Sanctuary cities and urban struggles have shown, cities play a wide variety of roles within the politics of contemporary migration. They may be orientation points for rights claims and campaigns based on urban diversity and solidarity (Raimondi, this volume), sites of struggle over individual and collective claims to citizenship (Rogaly, this volume), legislative arenas for the incorporation of undocumented

in Sanctuary cities and urban struggles
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Paul Flenley and Michael Mannin

Paul Flenley and Michael Mannin Introduction The publication of this volume comes at a time of existential crisis for the European Union (EU). Internally it is faced by the Eurozone crisis, the rise of anti-EU populism and ‘Brexit’. In its immediate neighbourhood it is confronted by a range of challenges and threats. The Arab revolutions have not turned into the hoped-for promise of democratisation and have instead degenerated into civil war in the case of Libya, Syria and Yemen. The direct impact of this on the EU is illustrated by the migration crisis which

in The European Union and its eastern neighbourhood
Rationale and barriers
Idil Atak

argue that Access T.O. represents a political discourse about the inclusive nature of municipal policies. In a global context where anti-immigrant narratives and policies are on the rise, this human rights-centred policy 3 illustrates the growing involvement of municipalities in the governance of migration (see Darling and Bauder, this volume). In Canada, the power of any city is constrained by federal and provincial law. Thus, Toronto has been a pioneer in its attempt to push the boundaries of the municipal jurisdiction in order to protect the fundamental rights of

in Sanctuary cities and urban struggles
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Paul Flenley and Michael Mannin

, Europeanisation and the concept of Europe act as part of their politics and identity. However, they can be variously problematic and have different meanings and uses. We also looked at a number of key sectors and themes which are prominent in the conduct of relations between the EU and its neighbours. We found that in various ways each of these highlight the contradictions to be found in the approaches and assumptions of EUisation. Tensions in the nexus – between interests and values, for example – emerged in areas such as energy, migration and security. This conclusion draws

in The European Union and its eastern neighbourhood
Ben Rogaly

get quarters and districts of towns and cities that get taken over by one particular group… 2 Yet the picture of migration, citizenship, and rights in the city of Peterborough and its surrounding rural areas is, unsurprisingly, more complex than its reputation as a major reception city for international migrant workers, or Farage's portrayal of the consequences of this, might suggest. In this chapter I argue, through the example of Peterborough, that a focus on

in Sanctuary cities and urban struggles
Strategic reflections
Michael Reiterer

issues, policy areas and thematic aspects which are important to the EU: resilience, security and defence, sanctions, development policy, sustainable development goals, human rights, migration, countering violent extremism, global governance, The EU in the Asia-Pacific 21 energy and climate and cyber security to name just a few. “Human rights, as well as women, peace and security and gender equality and women’s empowerment” remain important issues which “will continue to be mainstreamed in all external EU policies” (Council of the European Union, 2016d). Migration

in The European Union in the Asia-Pacific
Abstract only
Expanding geopolitical imaginations
Jen Bagelman

:5, 733–752. Andrijasevic, R. (2010) ‘The cross-border migration’, in Migration, Agency and Citizenship in Sex Trafficking (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan), 26–56. Arendt, H. (1973a) Men in Dark Times (New York: Harcourt Brace). Arendt, H. (1973b) Origins of Totalitarianism (New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, new edn). Asante, M. K. (2008) It's Bigger Than Hip Hop: The Rise of the Post-hip-hop Generation (Basingstoke: Macmillan

in Sanctuary cities and urban struggles
Paul Flenley

also for the neighbours. This approach reflects the interplay between interests (security) and values (good governance), which is a key theme of this book. However, continuing authoritarianism in Belarus, war in Ukraine, tensions with Russia, internal political developments in Turkey and the migration crisis would suggest that these strategies are failing. This chapter considers the strategies adopted by the EU in relation to its Eastern neighbours and identifies common problems and obstacles to the EU’s approach and how these limit EU-isation. External governance

in The European Union and its eastern neighbourhood
Michael Mannin

the Eurozone since the start of the financial crisis from 2009 onwards. Third, the migration crisis, internal insecurity and self-doubt within the EU have resulted in an internal and external questioning of the value and validity of the EU project itself. In turn, this has led to the emergence of other perceptions of Europe and European futures rather than the inevitability of EU-isation. Identification with the EU as ‘Europe’ and as the only source of regional economic, social or strategic security for neighbour states, is challenged and historic European

in The European Union and its eastern neighbourhood