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6 Students’ trust in political institutions Distrust of state institutions is frequently mentioned in the literature pertaining to the Mafia, as well as in the literature on southern Italy in general. The dominant explanation for this lack of trust is historical. It is argued that countries with ­histories of foreign domination by different colonial powers may exhibit a weakness of formal government structures and a perceived lack of legitimacy among citizens. Colonisers have come and gone and different models of governance have been brought to Sicily. Instead

in Cultural warfare and trust
Robust but differentiated unequal European cities

14  Patrick Le Galès Urban political economy beyond convergence: robust but differentiated unequal European cities This chapter discusses the transformations of contemporary European cities and is intellectually influenced by the Italian political economy tradition (Andreotti and Benassi 2014; Tosi and Vitale 2016), which is particularly attentive to territories and cities. This tradition paved the way for sophisticated intellectual arguments about informality, social networks, labour markets, firms tradition, religion, locality, family, state failure, poverty

in Western capitalism in transition

necessitated. Thus, whatever continuities we may seek to delineate before and after 9/11 – including the political move to claim the novelty of a given era for particular policy ends – the international political landscape in which Britain and other liberal democratic states operate is presented by policy elites as having been transformed dramatically. No longer are interests at ‘home’ and ‘abroad’ portrayed

in Everyday security threats
Crafting authoritarian regimes in Russia’s regions and republics

FAD9 10/17/2002 6:03 PM Page 157 9 From constitutional to political asymmetry: crafting authoritarian regimes in Russia’s regions and republics Russia’s constitutional asymmetry has prevented the development of universal norms of citizenship and human rights in the federation. As long as republic and regional leaders pledged support for Yeltsin and ‘brought home the bacon’, in the way of ethnic stability, tax revenues and electoral support, federal authorities have been quite happy to turn a blind eye to the flagrant violations of the Russian Constitution by

in Federalism and democratisation in Russia

6 The politics of Traveller exclusion Introduction Travellers in Ireland have faced deepening hostility from settled communities opposed to their presence since the 1960s when efforts to assimilate them into such communities began. Accounts of such opposition have been a staple of the Irish media on an ongoing basis over the last four decades, yet no studies have been undertaken of the nature and extent of the spatial exclusion experienced by Travellers. Indeed, there has been little or no detailed research on discrimination against Travellers in social policy

in Racism and social change in the Republic of Ireland
Discourses, contestation and alternative consumption

chap 8 13/8/04 4:24 pm Page 176 8 The political morality of food: discourses, contestation and alternative consumption Roberta Sassatelli Anthropology and sociology have been keen to show that consumption is a social and moral field, and that consumer practices are part of an ongoing process of negotiation of social classifications and hierarchies. Food consumption in particular has been associated with symbolically mediated notions of order (Douglas and Isherwood 1979). We know that particular foods are identified with annual festivities, set apart for

in Qualities of food

Exhumation may be defined as the legally sanctioned excavation and recovery of the remains of lawfully buried or – occasionally – cremated individuals, as distinct from forensic excavations of clandestinely buried remains conducted as part of a criminal investigation and from unlawful disinterment of human remains, commonly referred to as bodysnatching. The aim of this article is to review the role of exhumation – so defined – in the activities of CEMEL, the Medico-Legal Centre of the Ribeirão Preto Medical School-University of São Paulo, in international, regional and local collaborations. Exhumations form part of routine forensic anthropology casework; scientific research in physical and forensic anthropology; and forensic casework conducted in collaboration with the Brazilian Federal Police; and are carried out as part of humanitarian investigations into deaths associated with the civil–military dictatorship of 1964 to 1985. This article aims to offer a non-technical summary – with reference to international comparative information – of the role of exhumation in investigative and scientific work and to discuss developments in their historical and political context.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Directors and members

5 Older people’s interest organisations: directors and members As outlined in Chapter 1, there is a tendency in the academic literature to examine the politics of old age and the work of older people’s interest organisations at the macro level. Attention is usually given to the issue of influence in the context of specific policy initiatives rather than extending the analysis to explore the broader panoply of work in which they engage and the internal dimensions of the organisations’ operations. This chapter seeks to address this deficiency by exploring the

in The politics of old age
Abstract only

’s contemporaries, or create a subculture of old age. Instead, studies of older people’s ‘collective identity’ will need to give due consideration to a form of collective action which is conditioned by both the outcome of institutionalised and cultural systems, and closely connected with individual responses to, and perceptions of, the context in which older people find themselves. It is therefore not a politics separated from the dominant cultural milieu but one which is closely connected to it. The findings of this book suggest that institutional structures and the welfare

in The politics of old age

War Victims, Disabled, Pensioners and Survivors), founded in 1917, by 1921 had 639,856 members (Cohen, 2003). Among its aims was the advancement of the interests of older veterans in broader welfare issues, such as free or reduced fares on public transport, higher pensions and secure employment (ibid.). Membership of the various organisations frequently aligned with veterans’ ideological values, for example, their religious or political (conservative or social democratic) affiliation. It was not until the 1930s and more prominently in the post-Second World War years

in The politics of old age