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1950s was the relatively small number of refugees who lived in these Länder of the former French Occupation Zone.70 Connor_02_MainText.indd 149 10/8/07 12:36:26 150 Refugees and expellees in post-war Germany Political integration The decline of the BHE As noted in chapter 4, the remarkable electoral success achieved by the newly established refugee party, the BHE, at the State Election in Schleswig-Holstein in July 1950 had a profound effect on West Germany’s fledgling political system and by the end of 1951 the BHE was represented in the state assemblies of

in Refugees and expellees in post-war Germany

home front following the privations of the turnip winter of 1916–17 but also of the significant role that women could play in mobilising that support. Stibbe has argued that in the second half of the war nationalist men expended considerable effort in trying to mobilise patriotic women for their cause, and the German Fatherland Party, founded on 2 September 1917 in response to a Reichstag resolution for a peace without annexations, could boast a one-­third share of female members, the highest proportion of any German political party.176 This is a clear sign of the

in Women in the Weimar Republic
Abstract only
Der Schwarze Kanal

prime-time spot would attract most viewers, including those in West Germany who could also receive GDR programmes. Another reason for this choice of time could have been that the most important, and therefore most dangerous, West German political programmes were also broadcast on a Monday evening (Ludes, 1990: 279), which meant that von Schnitzler could kill two birds with one stone. Nonetheless, it could be argued that he did not attract as many viewers as his Western colleagues, for a number of reasons which will be discussed below. Gerlof calls the programme

in Popular television in authoritarian Europe

administrations, while the Americans were in practice more interventionist than they were prepared to concede publicly.27 The key issue was accommodation. The Occupying Authorities, supported by the German political elites at regional level, were determined to avoid, wherever possible, the long-term accommodation of refugees in camps because, apart from humanitarian considerations, they believed that the presence of a large number of economically deprived people in a confined space provided the ideal conditions for outbreaks of political radicalisation. However, some local

in Refugees and expellees in post-war Germany
The German left and the crisis

Introduction Germany's approach to tackling the financial and Eurozone crises was central to the entire issue. However, analyses have tended to focus almost entirely on the policy choices taken by Angela Merkel's centre right Christian Democratic Party. Surprisingly little attention has been given to the policy positions developed and adopted by Germany's political parties on the centre left, even though their policies have been those of a junior coalition partner and are potentially those of a future governing party. On

in The European left and the financial crisis
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Germany in American post-war International Relations

integrate, people need to be able to talk to each other. To this end, a common language has to be established. 45 As the émigrés arrived in a country where English was the official language, communication required more effort from them. They had to learn the language and ensure the translation of their German political thought. For many of these scholars, this meant that they had to demonstrate proficiency in a language they had not studied profoundly prior to their emigration. German humanistic secondary education required the study of Latin and ancient Greek, but it

in Prussians, Nazis and Peaceniks
Health and medicine in the planning and politics of British Tanganyika

the discourse on health rather late, only in the 1940s. Thus the third relationship ‘health as goal of development’ cannot have been conceptualised earlier. The other two usages, however, can be found already in German political and medical discussions on East Africa long before the First World War. Medical doctors on ‘development’ in German East

in Developing Africa
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Anja Dalgaard-Nielsen

action, the nature of its national interest, and the importance of working within multilateral structures and organisations to realise it. 148 C Where? The geographical limits German politicians did not directly address the question of what Germany would deploy the Bundeswehr internationally for. The question of where Germany should concentrate its efforts was also left open. A realist would expect the transformed Germany to intervene in conflicts where substantial direct German political, economic, or security interests were at stake. Germany’s geographic

in Germany, pacifism and peace enforcement
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MI5 in the making

, resulting in frequent territorial disputes between MI5 and MI6. MI5 was established to combat the threat of German espionage. The focus on Germany as a potential and real enemy remained a major concern of the organisation until 1945, though during the inter-war period it was matched by concern about the ‘red menace’. These twin preoccupations help to explain the surveillance of so many Germanpolitical’ refugees after 1933, most of whom were targeted as ‘Communists and suspected Communists’. The Security Service only rather belatedly recognised the threat to British

in A matter of intelligence
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The moron as a poorly functioning human

. 65. 40 Burleigh, The Third Reich, p. 344. 41 See, for example, Höhne, The Order of the Death’s Head, pp. 39–44, 59; Weindling, Health, Race and German Politics, pp. 474–8. 42 Guyer, ‘Sterilization’, p. 34. 43 Barrows, in ‘Discussion on provision for the feeble-­minded’, p. 402; also see p. 396. 44 Keene, ‘The genesis of the defective’, p. 413. 45 Sanger, The Pivot of Civilization, p. 112. 46 E.E. Southard, ‘The feeble-­minded as subjects of research in efficiency’, in Proceedings of the National Conference on Charities and Correction (Chicago

in Framing the moron