tongues and it’s
like a Highland ﬂing gone wrong.’
These institutional, social, and cultural manifestations of Scottishness
were also evident elsewhere in the British World, this time Canada. Although
the Younger letters indicate that Ernest maintained informal links with Tillicoultry connections in Toronto, there is no mention of his regular attendance at Scottish society events. He did, however, write of his participation in
a dance organised by retired affiliates of the Black Watch, the oldest Highlandregiment in Canada in 1930: ‘We are supposed to be going to
Speculations of morality and spirituality in Arthur Conan Doyle’s
physical symptoms, such as markings upon the skin, placed there voluntarily, or otherwise.
Bell was able to discover facts about a patient’s behaviour that had been hidden from the general public. One case involved Bell identifying a former soldier as a bandsman in a Highlandregiment due to the ‘swagger in his walk, suggestive of the Piper’ and his short stature (Liebow 1982 : 176). Bell’s patient denied the doctor’s conclusion, claiming only to have ever been a cobbler. Not to be outdone and expecting to find evidence to corroborate his
Drury Lane melodrama for which Augustus Harris’s
regime was celebrated. It was billed as ‘an up-to-date
ballet’ devised by George Edwardes and had a classic Drury Lane
plot. A young gentleman, ruined by gambling on the horses, enlists in a
Highlandregiment and sails for Burma. There he distinguishes himself in
the fighting and wins the Victoria Cross. The girl who loves him, and
remained true despite
was the 74th HighlandRegiment, and in the recording
it is this regiment which is addressed by an officer as he calls on the
men to meet death with faith and courage. The men sing The Old
Hundredth and give three cheers for ‘his gracious majesty
the King’ and Rule, Britannia is played as the ship goes
down. The episode inspired two much-quoted nineteenth-century poems by
Sir Francis Doyle and
tartan, and Scottish flags. Wellington’s Gaelic Society pursued
similar aims, providing lectures on Highland themes such as traits in
the Highland character, Highland poets, and Highlandregiments. Such was
its focus on its Highland character that a query in 1949 concerning
widening its membership criteria beyond Highlanders and those of
Highland descent was answered, ‘the club would be in
too. Stables was also aware of the powerful effects of music. Jack
Mackenzie and his friend Peter hear a Highlandregiment marching through
the streets of Glasgow and long to be old enough to enlist.
o’ the bagpipes maks my bluid run dancin’ through
ilka vein in my body, and if I had a sword and was big enough, I
The British soldier in music hall song and sketch, c. 1880–1914
gallant sojer in the Royal Artillery’ in preference. This song
also featured much ‘patter’ in a mock Scottish accent, and
the score calls for ‘Tullochgorum’ to be played after the
last verse, presumably allowing Lloyd to indulge in some Scottish
Significantly, Joany Hichberger has found a similarly
extended coverage of Scottish and especially Highlandregiments in
contributed to regiments’ fame and possibly
to their esprit de corps and morale. 47 After Omdurman the press made
the 21st Lancers famous. Correspondents and artists, reinforcing the
Victorian cult of the Highlander, featured Highlandregiments
especially, sometimes to the annoyance of English county regiments.
Dargai a private of the Derbyshire Regiment wrote, ‘ They will
links between Scotland
and Europe, and re-stage moments from the Scottish past (or myths thereof).
Their favourite history is heroic history; re-enactors replay battles, commemorators recall them, athletes invoke a warrior mythology, and pipe bands imitate the
military glamour of the Highlandregiments.
The Scots of Europe dream of a Scotland which looks remarkably different
from everyday life in modern Scotland. Their fantasy of a pre-modern warrior
culture is hardly congruent with the reality of Scotland, the place on the map.
That said, it is one of the Scottish
The social imaginary of the London bog-house c.1660–c.1800
Genuine Works of William Hogarth:
Illustrated with Biographical Anecdotes, 2 vols (London, 1810), vol.
2, p. 10n.
3 The figure owes something to George Bickham’s engraved portraits
of central protagonists in the 1743 mutiny of the HighlandRegiment:
R. Nicholson, Bonnie Prince Charlie and the Making of a Myth
(Lewisburg: Bucknell University Press 1982), p. 65; C. Le Corbeiller,
China Trade Porcelain (New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art,
1974), pp. 94–5; J. Prebble, Mutiny (London: Secker & Warburg,
1975), ch. 1.
4 By depicting a privy with seats for two adults and