Furthermore, this does not include Liverpool’s long-standing Baltic and Mediterranean trade or the coastal trade with Ireland, the Isle of Man and London of course. 9 This demonstrates that Liverpool’s Atlantic trade was far more complicated than a simple dependence upon the slave trade, and indeed many ‘contemporaries must have regarded it as mainly a service necessary for the development of the generally

in The empire in one city?
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followed (so, ‘Briouze’). The period 1172 to 1241 witnessed a formalisation of Irish spelling from Middle to Classical Irish. Assuming that it is preferable to be somewhat traditional rather than anachronistic, Irish names have been rendered in Middle Irish. Scottish names are in their generally recognised (largely anglicised) forms, while Manxmen and Islesmen have been given their Norse names (following the practice in A New History of the Isle of Man)45 with their Gaelic forms in parentheses where pertinent. After a period of myriad hyphenated alternatives, the current

in Lordship in four realms

would need the help of Countess Elizabeth’s powerful Cecil kindred in his dispute with his sister-in-law dowager Countess Alice and her daughters.22 Life for the Derbys gradually became less turbulent, and their eldest son James was born ten years later in 1607. Stanley even gave his wife responsibility for administering the Isle of Man once he had regained it from his nieces, a position she maintained until her death in 1627.23 The incident served to demonstrate that, however severe the initial reaction, competing and clashing social, financial and household factors

in The gentleman’s mistress
Refugee journeys without end?

earth the Government conceived the idea of sending some of these [refugees] to Canada and Australia is beyond my comprehension.’107 In 1941, Spier was sent back across the Atlantic and interned in the Isle of Man. Later that year he was released and made his way back to London where ‘Suddenly my eyes caught sight of a poster put up by the Ministry of Information reading: “Is your journey really necessary?”’.108 The farcical nature of Spier’s transatlantic adventures did not match the tragedy of the St Louis (although many 157 The Nazi era refugees were to drown when

in The battle of Britishness

, Morecambe, Whitley Bay and Scarborough) were a matter for the twentieth century, especially after the First World War cut off access to the Isle of Man and curtailed the services of the Clyde paddle steamers.9 Coastal resorts and cultural exchange in Europe The case of ‘colonial’ (or at least constitutionally anomalous) Ireland in the nineteenth century is particularly interesting. Here, visitors from England and Scotland contributed to seaside economies, especially at Bray, a few miles south of Dublin; and Cusack has argued that seaside resort development in nineteenth

in Leisure cultures in urban Europe, c.1700–1870
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Family legacies: after abolition

National Archives, Kew, Census of England, Wales, Scotland, Channel Islands and Isle of Man, 1861. 7 The National Archives, Kew, National Probate Calendar (Index of Wills and Administrations), 1866, p. 241. 8

in The bonds of family

scenes’, arguing that its ‘glorious old English gardens, and some fine river scenes, will still more heighten its thoroughly English atmosphere.’8 British landscapes in pre-Second World War film publicity 49 While many of these examples were merely subtly suggestive allusions to the importance of the countryside to the British character, others, such as the pressbook for The Manxman (George Loane Tucker, 1916), sought to make this connection explicit. Set on the Isle of Man, the film’s marketing began with the familiar notion of a simple, quaint rural idyll

in British rural landscapes on film
The politics of discrimination

reflected that the headquarters of the GRA had moved from Belle Vue to the White City, which had been built in 1904 for the 1908 London Olympics, and had opened Harringay and had sixteen other tracks by the end of 1927.20 Two of its intended tracks –​Crystal Palace, in London, and the Isle of Man –​failed to open, the NAGL having raised a petition of 43,434 signatures against the opening of the Crystal Palace track and the Tynwald (Isle of Man Parliament) having passed a betting and gaming bill prohibiting gambling other than on existing horse race meetings. The report

in Going to the dogs
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work as their remit, like that of their male colleagues, focused on security and the prevention of ‘political crime’. Some of the work was, nevertheless, gender-specific, as in the Second World War. The influx of British troops between 1969 and 1976 led to renewed concerns about sexual relations between soldiers and adolescent girls, who, if under 17, were below the age of consent and required protection.13 Just as the Met women had been seconded to Rushen internment camp on the Isle of Man in 1940, so RUC women were detailed to carry out searches at Long Kesh with the

in Women police
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Quilliam was a direct descendent of Captain John Quilliam, RN, an officer who distinguished himself in the battle of Trafalgar and was one of the pallbearers at the funeral of Lord Horatio Nelson. 39 W. H. Quilliam was educated in Liverpool and King William’s College, Isle of Man. 40 He began working as a solicitor in 1878 and eventually had the largest advocacy practice

in The harem, slavery and British imperial culture