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The values embodied by imperial heroes

Victorian minds), imperial heroes should have been seen, at least at the time when they were celebrated, as inspirers capable of playing a pivotal role in society, as trailblazers and moral, patriotic and religious examples. To the public of the two countries, their stories exemplified a set of values which matched the dominant mindset of the time, and their promotion was regarded as

in Heroic imperialists in Africa
Mary Warnock, embryos and moral expertise

4 ‘Where to draw the line?’ Mary Warnock, embryos and moral expertise The political enthusiasm for external oversight was made clear in 1982 when officials at the DHSS broke from the longstanding reliance on scientific and medical expertise and prioritised ‘an outside chairman’ for their public inquiry into IVF and embryo experiments. After a brief discussion about possible chairs, politicians chose the moral philosopher Mary Warnock to chair an inquiry in which, for the first time, individuals from other professions outnumbered doctors and scientists. Warnock

in The making of British bioethics

The conditions of individual secularisation described in Chapter 1 posed two sets of moral problems for believers in France and England at that time. The first concerns how human behaviour is to be mapped out if belief in God has become deistic or has collapsed into atheism. The second concerns the alternative moral criteria to counter the anthropocentrism transmitted by individual secularisation. These two sets of problems provide vital perspectives from which to read French and English Catholic literature in the late nineteenth and

in Catholic literature and secularisation in France and England, 1880–1914
Satadru Sen

Those seeking to relocate themselves across contested borders of class, race-caste, gender and nation require means of transportation, i.e., moral languages that are mutually comprehensible to the migrant, his adversaries and “neutral” observers. These languages must describe at least three spaces: the migrant’s origin, the destination and the migrant himself. In the process, a set of techniques must be developed and deployed that will show how morally successful the movement has been. Money is a critical part of

in Migrant races

Christian moralism is an irony rarely noted or explained. While historians have long recognised the importance of Christianity to feminism in the second half of the nineteenth century, anti-religious or freethinking ideas have never received more than a brief mention. Historians of feminism have either passed over or misrepresented the freethinking views of certain leading feminist figures, while studies of the Freethought movement have

in Infidel feminism
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medical authorities were called upon to sort out such a person’s physical sex by having it medically examined. It is possible that religious authorities – priests or ministers – might have been called upon more easily, but they did not always further disclose the case to authorities or direct it to a physician. Sometimes they only provided moral directions or recommended keeping things secret. The available evidence is necessarily only the tip of the iceberg, as secrecy, non-intervention or talking to a priest do not leave any traces in archives. The extent to which

in Doubting sex
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natural scientists, nature was not ‘red in tooth and claw’ as the Darwinist Thomas Huxley had alleged but driven as much by female-coded altruism as male-coded egoism. Women therefore had a crucial role to play in the evolution of sexual relations beyond the crude impulses of lust towards the ideal of co-operative, egalitarian and loving partnerships. Young souls would be duly lifted out of ‘the moral mud of modern conditions’ and higher, purer, ethical standards achieved.2 Five years later, Bella Pearce, a prominent activist for the Independent Labour Party in Glasgow

in Sexual progressives
Fashioning the self in Victorian Gothic

Sally Shuttleworth. 3 Nevertheless this chapter hopes to place them in a new context by examining them specifically in the light of clothing. Attention to dress played a relatively small but significant part in discussions of madness in the nineteenth century. Under the broader doctrine of moral management, it could provide a means both of identifying insanity and of treating it. Some commentators

in Fashioning Gothic bodies
Open Access (free)
Fateful splitting in the Victorian insanity trial

from lay belief was in the clinician’s pronouncing the consequences of delusion for vanquishing human agency. In the McNaughtan trial, for example, the jury heard from medical witnesses of the power exerted by the Scotsman’s delusion: ‘I mean that black spot on his mind . . . the commission of the act is placed beyond his moral control.’ Subsequent medical testimony depicted McNaughtan’s delusion as one that ‘grinds’ on his mind . . . ‘impels . . . destroys moral liberty . . . carr[ies] a man quite away’.10 Although delusion may have appeared to challenge

in Domestic and international trials, 1700–2000
Heroes, heroines and ‘pioneers of progress’ in the teaching of history

conceptions of his master. 2 Insistence on the pedagogical value of teaching history through moral biographies slotted seamlessly into the English cultural context. Thomas Carlyle’s influential lecture series, On Heroes, Hero-Worship and the Heroic in History , remained well known a half century after its initial

in Citizenship, Nation, Empire