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Punch and the Armenian massacres of 1894–1896
Leslie Rogne Schumacher

of imperial policy as well as the formation of new international relationships that anticipated the eventual First World War blocs. From the very beginning, Punch 's response to the massacres leaves no doubt that discussions over Ottoman abuses of power were of central importance to late Victorian politics and society. When news of massacres of Anatolian Armenians began to appear in British newspapers in the latter half of 1894, the killings were ‘swiftly politicised’. 12 This was part of a

in Comic empires
Rebecca Gill

University Press, Cambridge, 1979, p. 82. Scott and Lloyd George would diverge on subsequent foreign policy crises, especially following the Great War. 4 Quoted in ibid. , p. 81. 5 Jones, Victorian Political Thought

in Calculating compassion
Casper Sylvest

constitution and action of government are concerned, as distinct from what is or has been’, he also subjected the political conclusions reached by utilitarianism to careful analysis in order to demonstrate that they were roughly equivalent to the views held by the educated elite.98 In a sense, therefore, the method of The Methods was used to vindicate utilitarianism in Victorian political and intellectual life (even if the book left a nagging doubt: was utilitarianism believed because it was true, or vice versa?). In contrast, The Development of European Polity was basically

in British liberal internationalism, 1880–1930
Casper Sylvest

in Victorian intellectual life is increasingly being appreciated. See for example H. S. Jones, ‘The idea of the national in Victorian political thought’, European Journal of Political Theory, 5 (2006), 12–21. The classic study is Duncan Forbes, The Liberal Anglican Idea of History (Cambridge, 1952). See also the discussion in John Stuart Mill, A System of Logic, Ratiocinative and Inductive, fifth edition, 2 vols (London, 1862 [1843]), II, book 6, ch. 11 (‘Additional elucidations of the science of history’). E. H. Carr, What Is History?, second edition (London, 1987

in British liberal internationalism, 1880–1930
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Nicholas Vincent

Roman Catholic doubts, found himself reading the Constitutions as a medicinal exercise.48 Far from purging him of his Catholicism, they helped drive him across the great divide into the welcoming arms of Rome. Becket, then, remained central to Victorian political narratives. He appears in the novels of Anthony Trollope (1815–82), being cited in Phineas Redux (1874) by Trollope’s fictitious Young Englandist Mr Daubeny in a debate over the relations between Church and state: On the subject of the Church [Mr Daubeny] was rather misty but very profound. He went into the

in Making and remaking saints in nineteenth-century Britain
Social mobility, heroism and naval manhood
Mary A. Conley

patriotism from Georgian and early Victorian political radicalism to its manifestations in the age of new imperialism. Popular portrayals of naval men in mid-to late Victorian Britain could at once remind Britons of the navy’s historic legacy in securing both freedom and empire and the compatibility between them. Such celebratory depictions concealed the problematic roles that impressment and corporal discipline

in From Jack Tar to Union Jack
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Keith A.P. Sandiford

this, MCC government itself was stocked by this group, and being the cricket decision-making body these people wielded great influence throughout the cricketing empire as well as the political one. These empires, in fact, were one and the same. There was a direct link between Victorian politics and Victorian cricket. Even the puritanical Richard Cobden, best remembered now for his role in the repeal of

in The imperial game
Open Access (free)
Colonial subjects and the appeal for imperial justice
Charles V. Reed

International Relations in Victorian Political Thought’, Historical Journal 49, no. 1 ( 2006 ): 281–98. 10 Bill Schwarz, The White Man’s World (Oxford, 2011 ), 107. 11 Duncan Bell, ‘The Idea of a Patriot Queen

in Royal tourists, colonial subjects and the making of a British world, 1860–1911
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Access, exclusion and personalised trust
Tamson Pietsch

Hight and Alice M.F. Candy, A Short History of the Canterbury College (Auckland: Whitcombe and Tombs, 1927), p. 24. 12 Stefan Collini, ‘The Idea of “Character” in Victorian Political Thought’, Transactions of the Royal Historical Society , 35 ( 1985

in Empire of scholars
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Freedom, laissez-faire and the state after Britain’s abolition of slavery
Richard Huzzey

the meanest forms of ‘negative’ and ‘positive’ liberties. We have long known that freedom for black West Indians was limited, but we can learn about Victorian politics by understanding how those common limitations were justified in rather different ways. Emancipation reshaped Britain’s economy, foreign policy and empire – and though it did not fundamentally reshape concepts of liberty or expectations of government, the politics of anti-slavery can reveal the contortions of Victorian debates with unusual clarity. Notes 1 Many thanks to the editors of this volume

in Emancipation and the remaking of the British imperial world