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Anna Bocking-Welch

Commonwealth that they were seen as a liability to public perceptions of the Commonwealth. 106 The RCS, in contrast, was trusted as a safer pair of hands and a useful mechanism for coordinating the ‘200 little voices’ of organisations concerned with the Commonwealth. 107 Its London headquarters acted as a centre for coordinating and encouraging other Commonwealth organisations, hosting the Round Table, the Commonwealth Youth Exchange Council, the Commonwealth Human Ecology Council, and the Council for Education in the Commonwealth

in British civic society at the end of empire
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Lights, camera and … ‘Ethical’ rule!
Susie Protschky

political utility as a symbol of progress: in the Indies, during the polarisation of conservative and radical opinion in the early 1920s, and in the Netherlands, in the context of looming war during the late 1930s. The idea at the core of such photographs – that electrification demonstrated the effectiveness of Ethical colonial rule, a principle that was championed by a well-intentioned queen – circulated in both visual and textual forms throughout Wilhelmina's reign, trafficking back and forth between the Netherlands and the Indies in a lively current of exchange

in Photographic subjects
Hao Gao

Song-Chuan Chen, Merchants of War and Peace: British Knowledge of China in the Making of the Opium War (Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press, 2017), pp. 3, 119, 142. 11 Peter J. Kitson, Forging Romantic China: Sino-British Cultural Exchange 1760–1840 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013), p. 7. 12

in Creating the Opium War
Transfrontier salt and opium, 1904–11
Emily Whewell

officials in Burma or India wanted. Thereafter, Rose claimed that the stance of China was to increase its penalties against smugglers, including the punishment of summary execution for smugglers and those possessing illicit salt. 133 A case that followed shortly afterwards confirmed the new Chinese policy. On 17 September 1910, a body of Kachin porters – ‘Shang Lao-wu and his eight associates’ – were stopped when passing a Chinese frontier post near Burmese Sadon. 134 They were carrying over 150 kg of salt to a market to exchange for rice when military police arrested

in Law across imperial borders
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The importance of cartoons, caricature, and satirical art in imperial contexts
Richard Scully and Andrekos Varnava

art form, it was in the under-studied nineteenth century that the forces of imperialism and colonialism made it into the near-universal form of expression that characterised the twentieth century. The global reach of British-style humour magazines – both within the formal empire and via the informal empire of commerce and information-exchange – was a fundamental driver of the art form in the nineteenth century. 68 In this, they formed an essential aspect of that globalising of the mass media that has been explored so

in Comic empires
Linley Sambourne, Punch, and imperial allegory
Robert Dingley and Richard Scully

). 34 Britain, however, agreed to withdraw all but a minimal diplomatic presence in exchange for extremely advantageous territorial gains elsewhere in the Pacific, and for major concessions from Germany in Africa. Accordingly, in the number for 15 November, Punch produced Sambourne's final update: ‘Good-bye, Samoa!’ ( Figure 2.6 ), in which ‘she’ – now fully clothed and wearing a floral wreath – waves farewell to the departing British presence – this time represented by a diminutive but powerful Jack Tar rowing out to his waiting warship

in Comic empires
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The cultural construction of the British world
Barry Crosbie and Mark Hampton

This book examines the dissemination and exchange of ideas within the British world between 1763 and 1997. In particular, it is concerned with looking at the ebb and flow of concepts integral to the circulation of imperial culture, as well as the beliefs, practices and outcomes associated with them. In doing so, it builds on two key developments in scholarship since the turn of the century

in The cultural construction of the British world
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Tamson Pietsch

and academics across the British settler world. Despite growing bodies of work on imperial networks, postcolonial and transnational exchange, and the social construction of scientific knowledge, this is something that imperial historians, science studies scholars and university historians alike have long neglected. 22 Yet institutions and organisations were chief among the forces that

in Empire of scholars
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Douglas J. Hamilton

sphere. This relationship was about exchanges of people, goods and ideas, and it impacted right across both regions to transform the social, economic, political and physical landscapes. A study of Scottish–Caribbean connections suggests that they were among the key bonds forging a transnational maritime world of exchange. In short, it argues that these connections, and the Atlantic world of which they

in Scotland, the Caribbean and the Atlantic world 1750–1820
Douglas J. Hamilton

In many ways merchants embody the idea of an Atlantic world more clearly than any other group. Indeed, mercantile activity has been central to scholarly conceptions of the Atlantic as a transnational maritime world of exchanges. 1 This chapter’s main characters (the firms of Alexander Houstoun & Co. and the Baillie family’s houses in London and Bristol) demonstrate the

in Scotland, the Caribbean and the Atlantic world 1750–1820