place-based approach moves the study of migration
beyond fragmentation, and towards a more holistic understanding of the
migratory process in all its complexity.
Barrett, A. and D. Duffy (2008) ‘Are Ireland’s immigrants integrating into its
labour market?’, InternationalMigration Review, 42:3, 597–619.
Benson, M. (2010) ‘The context and trajectory of lifestyle migration: the case
of the British residents of southwest France’, European Societies, 12:1,
Burrell, K. (ed.) (2009) Polish Migration to the UK in the ‘New’ European
Union: After 2004
understood), the primacy of unionism and nationalism must be confronted in the public sphere. There needs to be more statutory support for grassroots organising and minority-led civil society to address this democratic deficit.
1 G. Fegan and D. Marshall, Long-Term InternationalMigration Statistics 2006–07 (Belfast: Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency, 2008), p. 3.
2 Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency, Census 2011: Key Statistics for
and discriminatory practices on the part of employers.
* My thanks to Pierce Parker for careful and systematic research assistance with the data analysis.
1 OECD, InternationalMigration Outlook 2015 (Paris: OECD, 2015), p. 79.
2 P. O’Connell and O. Kenny, ‘Employment and integration’, in A. Barrett, F. McGinnity and E. Quinn (eds), Annual Monitoring Report on Integration 2016 (Dublin: ESRI, 2018), pp.18–21.
3 B. Chiswick, ‘The effect of Americanization on the earnings of foreign-born men’, Journal of Political Economy , 86
-level statistics from the 2011 census show that 90 per cent of
Cheadle Hulme residents, 82 per cent of Chorlton residents and 48
per cent of Whalley Range residents were white. This compares with
the Manchester average of 67 per cent white. Thirty-one per cent of
Whalley Range residents were Asian/British and 10 per cent Black/
Black British. Internationalmigration also figures more strongly in
Whalley Range, where 26 per cent of the population were born outside the United Kingdom or EU, compared to 9 per cent of those from
Chorlton and 7 per cent from Cheadle Hulme.4 In terms
Setting the context
A new era of internationalmigration, and in particular the increasingly global
search for asylum, has had profound impacts on the political landscape of the United
Kingdom. Chakrabarti’s essay provides an eloquently powerful reminder that
those disturbing features of this new landscape, the incarceration and arbitrary
detention of asylum seekers, are not just the instruments of faraway, repressive
governments: they are increasingly embedded in the fabric of a liberal democratic
state like Britain.
These instruments form the apex of a
, ‘ “Not everyone can be a
13 Iredale, ‘Luring overseas trained doctors to Australia’; Barnett, ‘Foreign
medical graduates’; Wright & Mullally, ‘ “Not everyone can be a Gandhi” ’.
14 Mejia, ‘Migration of physicians’, p. 214.
16 ‘Soviet medical degrees “recognition sought” ’, Hindustan Times (8 May
1963), p. 3.
17 V. Robinson & M. Carey, ‘Peopling skilled internationalmigration: Indian
doctors in the UK’, InternationalMigration, 38:1 (2000).
18 Robinson & Carey, ‘Peopling skilled internationalmigration’, p. 95.
the capital. The concerns of the Home Office,
expressed in a Ministerial Statement to the House of Commons in
May 2012, emphasised how ‘[M]uch of the UK’s TB burden is attributable to internationalmigration. Around three quarters of TB cases in
the UK occur in those born outside of the UK’.5 This has been echoed
in most of the mainstream media where the ‘foreignness’ of the disease
has been underscored in all the lamentations and calls to action. Once
acknowledged as a persistent scourge, a regrettable resident within the
British population, the disease was thought
brings into sharp focus wider developments that can be analysed within an individual city context, and the contents of this book exemplify that view.
There is an understandable current political interest in immigration, which has spawned studies in historical migration experiences. The story of the Leeds Jewish community provides a micro case study of the wider patterns of internationalmigration in recent European history. When geographers study migration, they seek to explain the relative importance of the ‘push’ factors which cause migrants to
Lyon, D., 2006. ‘Airport
Screening, Surveillance, and Social Sorting: Canadian Responses to 9/11
in Context’, Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal
Justice 48(3): 397–411.
Massey, D. S., J. Arango, G. Hugo,
A. Kouaouci, and A. Pellegrino, 1998. Worlds in Motion: Understanding
InternationalMigration at the End of the Millennium , Oxford: Oxford
mobilities paradigm regarding the contingency and meaningfulness
of spatial movement per se, of which internationalmigration is just
one kind of event.7 I then go on to discuss how biographical oral
history can be used to explore the connections between spatial mobility/
fixity, on the one hand, and structural inequalities on the other, at
multiple scales. This section returns to the Peterborough stories
themselves, presenting three in-depth case studies of middle-aged men
with South Asian heritage, all of whom crossed international borders