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Theatre as critic and conscience of Celtic Tiger Ireland
Vic Merriman

economic sovereignty from the neocolonial clutches of the EU/IMF Troika, by 2014–15. The problem is that what is being protected in the face of a wholesale withdrawal of the State and its services is the failed economic infrastructure. Minimum social guarantees are disappearing in the face of a frenzied assault by new beasts, whose ‘appetite for prey’ is greater than any tiger – the voracious demons of the global market economy. Since Ireland’s economic collapse, the social landscape is marked by abandoned homes, a collapse in living standards, closed-­up shops and mass

in From prosperity to austerity
Nineteenth-century German literature and indigenous representations
Nicole Perry

Chapter Nine The savagery of America? Nineteenth-century German literature and indigenous representations Nicole Perry During the long nineteenth century, one of the issues occupying the minds of German intellectuals was the phenomenon of mass emigration to America. Significant traces of this preoccupation can be found in the fiction of the time, reflecting the tensions and concerns of a deeply stratified and conflicted society. In the

in Savage worlds
Philip Lynch

would uphold Britain’s ‘proud tradition of offering sanctuary to those who are fleeing injustice and wrong’. But this tradition of hospitality was now at risk – not from racism or an unwillingness to accept genuine refugees in Britain, but from a flawed asylum regime. The international system for dealing with refugees put in place by the 1951 Geneva Convention was no longer working effectively in a world of mass emigration – a view shared by the government. Hague claimed that up to 80 per cent of those claiming asylum had manifestly unfounded cases but few were

in The Conservatives in Crisis
Kieran Keohane and Carmen Kuhling

emerged under the auspices of the spirit of Hermes’ free market. In the 1960s, following a long period of moribund economic stagnation and mass emigration, the Irish state decisively abandoned the development model of autarchic economic self-sufficiency based on family farms and small business, and embraced the free market. Joining the European Economic Community on one side, and attracting foreign direct investment by American transnational corporations by offering low taxes and access to European markets on the other, Ireland became a crossroads of economic

in The domestic, moral and political economies of post-Celtic Tiger Ireland
Bryce Lease

massacre of Jewish partisans in Koniuchy in 1944, postwar anti-Jewish violence with particular reference to the 1946 Kielce pogrom, the events of March 1968 that resulted in mass emigration of Polish Jews, and the Auschwitz cross. While the placement and removal of a Christian cross on the site of the Auschwitz concentration camp caused controversy around legitimate and multi-faith processes of memorialization that dominated public debate in the 1990s, the conflicting historical 142 After ’89 accounts of the Jedwabne pogrom have incited the most controversy in recent

in After ’89
Emigration and sectarian rivalry
Sarah Roddy

possibility of Ireland losing its majority Catholic status, of ‘the faithful [being] supplanted by the proselytised’, was widely entertained.36 It followed that mass emigration, as the main ongoing agent 153 Roddy_Population_Printer.indd 153 15/09/2014 11:47 Population, providence and empire of such an outcome, had therefore to be resisted, condemned and lamented by Catholic clerical spokesmen. It was equally disingenuous, therefore, for Protestant commentators to claim that only a mercenary interest in retaining a steady stream of financial dues prompted priests’ dismay

in Population, providence and empire
The immigration process
Bernadette Whelan

homes. On the other hand, it has been the case that emigrants who have been any degree fortunate in their new homes, have largely contributed to aid their relatives to follow them.87 After thirty years of mass emigration, Livermore exaggerated those family bonds that checked emigration, but the presence of a relative or friend in the US had become a powerful magnet acting in three ways. First, there was the prepaid passage sent home to assist others to leave, a trend evident since 1815.88 Brooks in Dublin believed in March 1880 that family and friends in the US

in American government in Ireland, 1790–1913
Martine Pelletier

addicted to the most extravagant superstitions. A primeval people really’.37 Though he believes his widowed cousin ought to remarry, he has qualms about the suitability – both social and racial one surmises – of a possible union between Christopher and his housekeeper. Yet, his repulsion at what he construes as an inter-racial union and miscegenation is tempered by his admiration for Margaret’s physique: ‘Pity to see Kent vanish – if he does marry her. Bigger pity though if she were to be diluted. Wouldn’t it?’ (p. 34). Bringing to mind the mass emigration that resulted

in Irish literature since 1990
David Doyle

. Scarce livelihoods were protected by mass emigration, by widespread rural celibacy, and by marriages negotiated by elders. Inextricably the church itself became partner in the moral anxieties and social controls of this situation. By contrast, in America more natural patterns were retained, as abundant jobs and housing allowed general marriage and early family formation. There, in 1855, as many as 85 per cent of Irish women could expect to marry, apart from in the poorest slums. Fertility rates were high, up to twice those of native-born New England women.30 There was

in Irish Catholic identities
Tina O’Toole

10 Adrienne Rich’s On Compulsory Heterosexuality and Lesbian Existence Tina O’Toole Introduction The 1980s are unlikely to be remembered positively by Irish feminists1 as it was a decade characterised primarily by a series of defeats such as the 1983 Pro-Life Constitutional Amendment and ensuing court cases taken by the anti-abortion movement against groups providing abortion information (Connolly, 2002: 155–84); by the death of Ann Lovett and the Joanne Hayes case;2 and by high unemployment and the concomitant re-emergence of mass emigration. Yet, despite this

in Mobilising classics