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A framework for analysis
Timothy Edmunds

The concept and policy of security sector reform is still relatively new. It was only in the late 1990s that the term emerged into common parlance. Even then it was under-theorised and ill-defined, and employed by a variety of different actors in a number of different ways. Despite a number of subsequent efforts to address these flaws, 1 the security sector reform

in Security sector reform in transforming societies
Imogen Richards

united in their rejection of neoliberal policies that encourage intensified flows of international finance in favour of US and US-affiliated individuals, governments, and corporations ( Eschle 2004 ). The contemporary popularity of democratic socialism in 2018, for example, was represented in the support base of former UK Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn, US Congresswoman Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, and former US presidential candidate Bernie Sanders ( Day 2018 ). The following year, this popularity was also indicated in a Gallup poll that revealed 43 per cent of US

in Neoliberalism and neo-jihadism
Abstract only
Daniel W. B. Lomas

Release Policies of the UK’s Intelligence Agencies’, Intelligence and National Security , 17:1 ( 2002 ), pp. 21–32. 19 ‘October 2015 release of historical MI5 files’, https://www.mi5.gov.uk/home/news/news-by-category/historical-material/october-2015-release-of-historical-mi5-files.html (accessed

in Intelligence, security and the Attlee governments, 1945–51
Abstract only
Imogen Richards

AQ and IS, is an ongoing politically violent phenomenon. As the discussion in Neoliberalism and neo-jihadism demonstrated, actions in the GWOT that have contributed to sympathy and support for neo-jihadist groups include US-led interventions in the Middle East, such as drone strikes on leaders in Afghanistan and Pakistan, proxy wars in the Middle East and East Africa, and direct wars in Afghanistan and Iraq in 2001 and 2003. They also include post-war economic reconstructive projects in Iraq, outsourced to US and UK contractors, that led to the direct

in Neoliberalism and neo-jihadism
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Robin Wilson

right to govern themselves … But this sense of common interest has so far shown little ability to transcend the ancient confessional hatreds and induce a readiness to compromise. The report argued that Northern Ireland’s continued UK membership was not in Britain’s interest but concluded that ‘there is no radical policy option

in The Northern Ireland experience of conflict and agreement
Mark Webber

Committee Hearings, 14 November 2002, paragraphs 40 and 92 at: www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm200203/cmselect/cmfaff/uc066-i/uc06602htm [9 November 2002]. 87 R.J. Art, ‘Creating a Disaster: NATO’s Open Door Policy’, Political Science Quarterly , Vol. 113(3), 1998, pp. 394–8; Cottey, ‘NATO: Globalization or Redundancy?’, pp

in Inclusion, exclusion and the governance of European Security
Labour and intelligence during the Second World War
Daniel W. B. Lomas

memorandum for Churchill on the legation, weighing up the pros and cons of allowing its transmitter to remain in place. Writing that the legation had only transmitted once since 1941, he added that Hempel had been pressured to transmit a year later during the Allied invasion of North Africa, but that this had been prevented after the Irish authorities had threatened to confiscate the transmitter. After looking

in Intelligence, security and the Attlee governments, 1945–51
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Labour ministers, vetting and subversion
Daniel W. B. Lomas

The Communists have no right to the name of socialists or Communists. They are Stalinists. Whatever Stalin says is right for them … The British Communist Party is in fact merely the dummy of the ventriloquist Stalin and if someone were to replace Stalin with another policy they would swing round

in Intelligence, security and the Attlee governments, 1945–51
Jasmine-Kim Westendorf

. 183–8; N. de Watteville, Addressing Gender Issues in Demobilization and Reintegration Programs , Africa Region Working Paper Series (New York: World Bank, 2002), p. 20. 102 M. Barron, When the Soldiers Come Home: A Gender Analysis of the Reintegration of Demobilized Soldiers — Mozambique 1994–96 (UK: School of

in Violence and the state
Robin Wilson

-decades-long survey of UK Government policy on Northern Ireland by denying that the agreement would herald a ‘post-national’ politics in which ideas of ‘nation, state and identity’ were critically interrogated. An adviser to Trimble, Steven King, concurred that the agreement made no attempt to transform Northern Ireland. 120 But if neither unionists nor nationalists were being asked to question their political faith

in The Northern Ireland experience of conflict and agreement