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Vanessa Heggie

International Olympic Committee’s Medical Commission put it, revealed that she ‘was not a normal athlete from the femininity standpoint’. 1 Walsh’s death occurred at a moment when cheating was a particularly hot topic in sport, especially Olympic sport. The politically controversial summer Olympics in Moscow had just taken place, and the discussion of sexually ambiguous female competitors from the USSR and Eastern Europe went hand-in-hand with accusations of doping and steroid abuse. 2 The sudden revelation of a Polish gender fraud, her years living in the USA sometimes

in A history of British sports medicine
Tommy Dickinson

deviation as inappropriate as ideas of deviance shifted. In parallel to this fresh gay visibility and radicalism, the nursing profession was also undergoing changes. The advent of ‘nurse therapists’ witnessed nurses being trained in advanced clinical practice roles, enabling them to be more autonomous practitioners. This period also marked the era of public inquiries into the care of the mentally ill, and the plight of these individuals was moved up the political agenda. This chapter also examines the implications of these changes. Reform, 1957–1967 Jivani argues that the

in ‘Curing queers’
Stories of nursing, gender, violence and mental illness in British asylums, 1914-30
Vicky Long

illustrate, the theme of violence and risk permeated discussions of attendant–patient interactions within the NAWU Magazine. In 1920 violent and anti-social patient behaviour was emphasised and given a gendered aspect by the NAWU in a battle reflecting the composition and power structure within the organisation. Although by the end of 1920 women’s membership had increased to almost 46 per cent of the total membership,21 NAWU delegates to the annual conference and branch executives were almost entirely male. It also appears that the authorship of the Magazine was dominated

in Mental health nursing
Krista Maglen

four cases of plague – two in London, one in Liverpool, and the other at ‘the Tyne port’ – were confirmed by bacteriological testing.11 In Glasgow thirty-six cases were confirmed in the laboratory. This reflected the general acceptance of bacteriological science that had been reached by the turn of the century and, perhaps, its significantly decreased importance in the politics of port health and imperial maritime connections after the abolition of quarantine. Yet, although quarantine no longer played a role in British ports, it was still imposed in most other places

in The English System
Carol Helmstadter

peace years between 1815 and 1854. 16 In addition, the army’s administration, like much of the British government in the earlier nineteenth century, was highly decentralized. The Crown exercised nominal control of the army but executive control lay with three Secretaries of State: Home, Foreign Affairs, and War and the Colonies. The control of the Home and Foreign Affairs offices was rather tenuous. The Foreign Office had some responsibility for troops used abroad in places outside the colonies and the Home Office was in charge of forces in the United Kingdom

in Beyond Nightingale
Julian M. Simpson

244 8 Adding to the mosaic of British general practice The professional and personal lives of South Asian GPs and their social and political activities contributed to defining the nature of British general practice on the periphery and the social and political context in which care was provided between the 1940s and the 1980s. Their presence in Britain also had a significant and more specific impact on the way in which general practice developed as a dimension of healthcare and as a medical specialty. General practice was not a homogenous field where a clearly

in Migrant architects of the NHS
Catherine Cox

, while Pauline Prior has focused on the official debate that surrounded its use.4 Walsh has looked at the legislation in the 073-096 Chapter 3.indd 73 20/07/2012 09:02 74 Negotiating insanity in the southeast of Ireland, 1820–1900 context of Connaught asylum district in county Galway, and, like Prior, has situated the extensive use of the legislation within the context of state concern for national security, land agitation and political disaffection.5 The main aim of this, and the succeeding chapter, is to reconsider these interpretations by assessing the

in Negotiating insanity in the southeast of Ireland, 1820–1900
Nursing older people in British hospitals, 1945–80
Jane Brooks

indicate, it was not necessarily translated into the ability to ensure improvements in the human and material resources that Aiken and colleagues’ contemporary work demonstrates have a positive effect on patient outcomes and enable nurses to provide compassionate and evidence-based care.87 Notes 1 R. Francis, ‘Nursing standards and performance’, in Report of the Mid Staffordshire NHS Foundation Trust Public Inquiry:  Executive Summary, (London: The Stationary Office, 2013), paragraph 1.13, p. 45. Available online at: (accessed 3

in Histories of nursing practice
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Lunacy investigation law, 1320–1890
James E. Moran

short term. 16 Of course, whether the person in question was really an idiot or lunatic depended upon an evaluation based within the social context of the times. Jonathan Andrews offers an important extended discussion on the ‘meaningfulness and coherence of the distinctions made between idiocy and insanity during early modern times’, 17 which were at once cultural, legal and political. In order to more clearly ascertain the mental capacity of the individual in question, the Crown had the right to launch an inquisition. This power formed

in Madness on trial
Abstract only
Jill Kirby

that eventually came to be understood as stress. In many cases, those experiences arose due to the huge social, economic and political changes to day-to-day life that occurred in Britain during the twentieth century. As such, this work, informed by Alf Ludtke's approach to the everyday, responds to omissions in the existing historiography by providing a historical account of ordinary people's perceptions of daily life and its stresses and strains, and the personal experiences of coping with stress across different times, occupations and demographic groups. 8 It

in Feeling the strain