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the familial frame of empire and colonial endeavour, and were of concern to amateur and professional historians alike. In part the importance of such values centred on the perception of their fundamentality to success of the colonial project, with monuments and historic sites seen as reminders of pioneering virtue and sacrifice while history’s duty more generally was to highlight the inevitability of

in History, heritage, and colonialism
Historians and their personae in the Portuguese New State

how to be a historian Chapter 7 Coalescence and conflict: historians and their personae in the Portuguese New State António da Silva Rêgo Introduction So far, the framework of scholarly personae has mostly been applied to centres of historical production such as nineteenth-century Germany and Britain. This chapter, by contrast, deals with a more peripheral case: the professionalization of history in early-twentieth-century Portugal, where the identity of the historian was as much a matter of concern as it had been in nineteenth-century Britain or Germany. In

in How to be a historian
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determinations. In this book, artists will thus appear in three different roles: as professional labour migrants, as presumed spokespersons for particular groups of migrants, and as individual artists who articulate subjective perspectives on the world by means of aesthetics. Since the question of how individual and cultural identities are shaped in migration is at the heart of this book, half of its chapters (Chapters 2, 3 and 5) are concerned with the discourse on identity politics in the art world or how artworks can articulate experiences of multiple attachments and evoke

in Migration into art

amateur filmmaking in Britain. Directors, critics, actors and other film professionals praised how the amateur film movement had contributed to the development of national cinema. ‘Amateur filmmakers are a stimulus to the professional film industry, and provide a growing audience for whatever we endeavour to do that is mature, imaginative and experimental’, enthused John and Roy Boulting, the prolific twin-brother director

in Amateur film
Ethnicity, identity, gender and race, 1772–1914

This book is a full-length study of the role of the Scots from the eighteenth to the twentieth century. It highlights the interaction of Scots with African peoples, the manner in which missions and schools were credited with producing ‘Black Scotsmen’ and the ways in which they pursued many distinctive policies. The book also deals with the inter-weaving of issues of gender, class and race, as well as with the means by which Scots clung to their ethnicity through founding various social and cultural societies. It contributes to both Scottish and South African history, and, in the process, illuminates a significant field of the Scottish Diaspora that has so far received little attention.

royal way of life. But unlike Orlando in Shakespeare’s play, the reporter must remain simply a reporter while the princess accepts that she is professionally destined for higher things. In the following year Hepburn starred in Sabrina (1954), which turns on a more physical kind of transformation, though one more universal than disguised identity – the inevitable yet unexpected biological changes as

in Shakespeare’s cinema of love
Expertise, authority and the making of medical dominion

the professional desire for organisation and legislation; so long as the impelling motives are nothing more dignified than sectional interests, grade prejudices, or interested clamours in a pecuniary sense’.8 What was needed was unity: of purpose, practice, knowledge and identity. Medical practitioners needed to abandon their concern with customary forms of social ‘respectability’ (‘a phrase of bilious mediocrity . . . a mere pandering to dullness’) and embrace their higher calling.9 They needed to abolish the distinctions of rank and practice which divided them

in Performing medicine
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Doing ethnography and thinking comparatively

7 Comparison: doing ethnography and thinking comparatively The concept of comparison that shapes this chapter functions somewhat differently from the concepts organising the previous three chapters (culture, change and identity). Those served as analytic lenses to bring out particular dimensions of the data. Comparison here is primarily a matter of relating the ethnographic data to other experiences which lie beyond that research. I am using comparison to draw out further themes from the data, and to revisit some we have already explored, but also to pull back

in Salvage ethnography in the financial sector
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strengthened Caymanian identity beyond skin colour, with the Islanders united in prayer for the safe return of their men. Conclusion Prior to the Second World War, Caymanian sailors were not conscious of their relative professional standing, it was a perception they had acquired by the time they returned to the Islands at the end of the war. A self

in Colonial naval culture and British imperialism, 1922–67

a central role at the frontline of child protection and family surveillance in the mid-twentieth century. This role, carved out in relation to the Children and Young Persons Acts of 1933 (England and Wales), 1937 (Scotland) and 1950 (Northern Ireland), was not usurped by local welfare authorities until the late 1960s, a result of both new legislation and an 139 women police erosion of trust between police and social workers. The creation of a police identity in relation to child welfare and the negotiation of a working relationship with other professionals will

in Women police