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Charles E. Curran

the nineteenth century.1 This essay will develop three major points: the dramatic change that occurred with the Catholic acceptance of human rights in the latter part of the twentieth century, the basis and grounding of human rights in contemporary Catholic thought, and a somewhat troubling development in the teaching of Pope John Paul II. A dramatic change The most significant change was the dramatic move from adamant opposition to human rights to strong support for human rights in the second half of the twentieth century. The Catholic Church staunchly opposed human

in Religion and rights
John Anderson

leadership is important. Much also depends upon the attitude of the authoritarian regime, for in those systems ostensibly committed to ‘strengthening Christian civilisation’ it may be much harder to attack religious leaders, though in countries such as Chile and South Africa there was always the option of favouring one religious group over another. By way of contrast, communist authorities with their commitment to anti-religion could safely sideline or ignore leading clerics, except perhaps in Poland where the Catholic Church was able to retain its social authority

in Christianity and democratisation
Alec Ryrie

the world be confounded with heresies, faction, and opinion as it is?’3 Such criticism had all the more force coming from Kennedy, who owed his lucrative office as commendator of Crossraguell Abbey not to his spiritual qualities but to his being the son of an earl. So perhaps the origins of the Scottish Reformation are not a puzzle at all. The guilty party has already confessed. The Catholic Church brought disaster on itself through its corruption. It was led by men who saw it as a mere milch cow, and staffed by priests who learned lessons in corruption and

in The origins of the Scottish Reformation
Language, education and the Catholic Church
Alex J. Bellamy

6 The nation in social practice II Language, education and the Catholic Church The language question Many writers argue that language is one of the distinguishing aspects of a nation. Eugene Hammel, for instance, suggested that in the Balkans, linguistic and religious identification are the primary sources of nationality.1 Attempts to form a codified language for the Southern Slavs were a cornerstone of the Illyrian movement in the nineteenth century and both Yugoslav states tried to enforce a standardised state language as a means of avoiding the potentially

in The formation of Croatian national identity
Abstract only
S. Karly Kehoe

histories are treated so separately by scholars on both sides of the water.2 This book, by contrast, has sought to bring their mutual dependence and influence to the fore through the study of religiosity, gender and ethnicity. The Catholic Church in Scotland became a multi-faceted institution that was neither purely Scottish nor purely Irish. Nor was it wholly British. It was characterised by a fusion of cultures and peoples with differing values and priorities. The church, as it exists today, could not have developed without the mass Irish migration that shook its

in Creating a Scottish Church
Irish-American fables of resistance
Eamonn Wall

  105 6 The poetry of accumulation: Irish-​American fables of resistance Eamonn Wall Writing on Eiléan Ni Chuilleanáin’s poetry, Andrew J.  Auge, in a devastating piece of reportage, describes the recent change that has taken place in the reputation and role of Irish Catholic Church:  ‘by the turn of the millennium, the once imposing edifice of Irish Catholicism appeared increasingly derelict’ (Auge 2013:  145). Given all we have learned from reports into how the Church has dealt with abuses committed by its clergy and cover-​ups initiated by its hierarchy, it

in Tracing the cultural legacy of Irish Catholicism
The Catholic Church during the Celtic Tiger Years
Eamon Maher

1 Crisis, what crisis? The Catholic Church during the Celtic Tiger years Eamon Maher Any book purporting to offer a socio-­cultural critique of the Celtic Tiger cannot fail to deal with the thorny issue of Irish Catholicism. There is a commonly held belief that the Celtic Tiger hastened a wave of aggressive secularism that proved fatal to the hallowed status of organized religion in Ireland, and particularly to the majority faith, Roman Catholicism. However, such a perspective fails to recognize the steady decline in vocations to the priesthood from the beginning

in From prosperity to austerity
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Mark O’Brien

disturbed’. An objective and critical examination of Irish social life would, Brown concluded, ‘have revealed as well as things unique to the country the degree to which Irish life was influenced by the world around it’.4 During this period, many national newspapers were effectively the organs or semi-​organs of the dominant institutions within the state. In broad terms, Fianna Fáil had the uncritical support of the Irish Press, Fine Gael was supported by the business-​oriented Irish Independent, and both these newspapers were wholly uncritical of the Catholic Church

in The Fourth Estate
Abstract only
Ireland’s referendum and the journey from Gemeinschaft to Gesellschaft
Eugene O’Brien

Irish people participated in a constitutional referendum on two   147 ‘Belief shifts’ issues:  the thirty-​fourth amendment to the Constitution was about permitting same-​sex marriage, while the thirty-​fifth amendment suggested reducing the age of candidacy for the post of president of Ireland from thirty-​five to twenty-​one. Ireland had long been seen as a de-​facto theocracy in which the Catholic Church held a hegemonic position. Issues of law, health and education have all been subject to strong levels of control, both implicit and explicit, by the Catholic

in Tracing the cultural legacy of Irish Catholicism
Nils Freytag

era of Enlightenment holds true outside educated society. 6 The Catholic Church and state administration were confronted time and again with petitions and queries regarding witchcraft and magic, which contain many differing views and interpretations. The opinions of the acting parties will be the subject of the following discussion, which analyses the intentions of the medical profession and the state administration, the reaction of the Catholic

in Witchcraft Continued