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men and nine women. At the time of their interviews, their ages ranged from 63 years to 98 years. Two commenced nursing in the 1930s, five in the 1950s and eight in the 1960s. All the nurses had worked in NHS hospitals. All of the nurses identified themselves as having Caucasian ethnicity. One was originally from France and three were originally from the Republic of Ireland; the rest were from the UK, Jersey and the Isle of Man. The eight patients were male at the time they received treatments for their sexual deviations; however, two later underwent gender

in ‘Curing queers’

Orchestra and establishing The Third Programme had previously only broadcast in the evenings. A free-market think-tank. Meanwhile the MU wrote to the Government in 1966 supporting the BBC’s monopoly (WAC, R78/2, 563/1). 50 It also granted an extra five hours of needletime for BBC Television (now eight hours) in return for an extra £172,000. 48 49 172 172 Players’ work time the Standing Committee on the Employment of Musicians alongside other orchestral employers and the MU.51 When the Isle of Man Government gave permission for Manx Radio to become the first

in Players’ work time

Office. These concerned the financial arrangements between the UK, the Isle of Man and the Channel Islands. An FCO official had no doubt why these requests were made. It did ‘not require a great leap of the imagination to see the answers to these questions being incorporated in Irish thinking about the viability of an independent Northern Ireland’. The official speculated, correctly, that the reason for this thinking was that the Irish could not accept the repeated British assurances that no withdrawal of troops would take place as long as the security situation

in Template for peace

’ (Hudson, 1999 : 40). Within this were three particular routes: connecting the southwest of England with the southeast of Ireland; the northwest of England, Wales and the Isle of Man with the east of Ireland; and a north–south route running past Ireland's west coast and communicating between Galicia in the south and Iceland and the Baltic to the north. These same routes were in operation by the late Middle Ages and are the subject of much of the following discussion. Colfer ( 2013 ) has stated that the tower house was a creation of the manorial

in The Irish tower house

agriculture, but eventually both reduced their demands for labour, and the county became a sending community. Rural turbulence Farmers and the rural community in Shropshire had faced turbulent times as parts of the county experienced the impact of industrial growth and then relative decline. At the start they had responded effectively to the demands of industrial and population growth. But the severe oscillation of food prices after the French Wars was extremely difficult for the entire rural sector and eventually led to a slow evacuation, as in West Sussex and the Isle of

in The genesis of international mass migration

emigration ships. Only later – after the mid-nineteenth century – did mass emigration become an overwhelmingly urban and industrial phenomenon. Until then the migrants derived from the fields and rural communities which were subject to new circumstances. The Isle of Man, Guernsey, Shropshire, Staffordshire, West Sussex and Wiltshire each yielded migrants, internally and externally: each saw new levels of change and mobility. They responded to some new turmoil, some torque within the system, which was expressed in the dislocation and re-distribution of the people near and

in The genesis of international mass migration

Counties around London, and also from Cornwall, the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man. Later in the century, the north of England began to contribute a larger proportion. The composition and origins of the New Zealand incoming population was complicated by the large role of trans-Tasman migration throughout the colonial period. The biases in the recruitment seemed to reflect the proximity to the ports of departure and the work of agents, whose activity can be traced in the applications as they were distributed. Chain migrations tended to reinforce earlier biases in

in The genesis of international mass migration

correspondence with The Times in reply to Goldwin Smith’s arguments that ‘law rests at bottom on force, and force is rule’, and that this force was therefore central to the maintenance of the empire. Fawcett did not respond to Smith’s ideas on the question of the use of force, but argued instead that in contrast 21 ‘ the truest form of patriotism ’ to Smith’s expectation, women would not vote ‘like a flock of sheep’ for the Conservatives, and that women had been voting in the Isle of Man, and in the territory of Wyoming in the US, without the collapse of the rule of law

in ‘The truest form of patriotism’

enjoys at the Home Office owing to her friendship with Mr Cooper. Though she is in every way undesirable on account of her activities in this country, all our warnings regarding her have been persistently disregarded.39 It must have been especially galling for MI5 that Eva Kolmer, who had already been permitted to visit Seaton Camp at the beginning of 1940 in her capacity as a refugee official, was granted leave to visit the Isle of Man internment camps at the end of the year. All that the Security Service could do was to step up surveillance of her movements there.40

in A matter of intelligence
The case of Klaus Fuchs

Edinburgh with the enthusiastic support of Max Born. In July 1939, he applied for British naturalisation, but war broke out before his application could be considered. By then Fuchs had been recognised as a theoretical physicist of great potential; he had also become an ‘enemy alien’. Appearing before an internment tribunal on 2 November 1939, Fuchs was placed in category ‘C’ and exempted from internment. However, on 12 May 1940 he was arrested as part of the internment of aliens in protected areas (a prelude to mass internment) and held on the Isle of Man before being

in A matter of intelligence