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Abstract only
Steven Hutchinson

will turn out to be: ‘Of children bound in swaddling clothes’. 2 Yet the signifiers used to set up this riddle belong to the context of captivity and slavery in Mediterranean coastal cities, where slave markets had already existed for a long time but would greatly multiply and expand over the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries before diminishing in the eighteenth and finally fading in the early nineteenth. Although Leonardo died not far into the sixteenth century (1519), this particular riddle, with its disconcerting use of the future tense, would unwittingly turn

in Frontier narratives
Gender and conversion in the early modern Mediterranean
Eric Dursteler

one partner in a marriage annulled the relationship and all associated legal and economic responsibilities. 4 In an early modern Mediterranean that scholars from Fernand Braudel onwards have depicted as being characterised by ‘the ceaseless circulation’ of people, stories such as that of Francesco Mosca and his family were commonplace. 5 This was the age of the renegade, a term

in Conversions
François Burgat

terribly small once one really decided to roam it. My second great voyage came very soon after, at the end of July 1966—and this time, it involved leaving Europe. My baccalaureate under my belt, my backpack crowned by a duvet bedecked with the six, tricolor letters of the word “France,” I reached the shores of the Arab Mediterranean, via Sicily, then Tunis. My goal was more ambitious yet. I was bound for Baghdad, a magical name that everything I was ignorant of as a fresh graduate converged upon—and so, therefore, did my every desire. Thus it

in Understanding Political Islam
Still unique or just one in the crowd?
Karen E. Smith

EUD4 10/28/03 2:41 PM Page 60 4 The ACP in the European Union’s network of regional relationships: still unique or just one in the crowd? Karen E. Smith This chapter analyses the European Union’s relations with five broad regional groupings: the ACP countries, the Mediterranean, Asia, Latin America and Eastern Europe. The Union prefers to deal with third countries collectively. It lays out regional strategies, sets up aid programmes on a regional basis and concludes specific kinds of agreement with countries in a particular region. The EU has important

in EU development cooperation
Gavin R.G. Hambly

slavery, which, in one form or another, was ubiquitous throughout the Muslim world; and of sexual licence, the latter rooted in the early polemics of Christian schoolmen. 6 To take slavery first, by the end of the sixteenth century confrontation between Christians and Muslims in the Mediterranean world was characterised by raids upon each other’s shores, piracy and the capture of, and the trafficking in

in Asia in Western fiction
The 2008 Italy–Libya Friendship Treaty and thereassembling of Fortress Europe
Chiara De Cesari

3 Memory as border work: the 2008 Italy–Libya Friendship Treaty and the reassembling of Fortress Europe Chiara De Cesari A border is made real through imagination. (Van Houtum 2012: 412) In this chapter, I examine one peculiar border zone, namely the Mediterranean Sea – and more precisely that stretch of sea extending between Italy and Libya – in order to explore how memory-making contributes to its re-bordering. The cemetery of an astonishing and growing number of migrants and asylum seekers, this stretch of sea has become a symbol of Fortress Europe and of

in The political materialities of borders
Mark Ormrod, Bart Lambert and Jonathan Mackman

varieties of places of origin, and the distances involved, are just two of the remarkable aspects highlighted by this study. Some Scots may only have moved a few miles across the border, but other immigrants to England had clearly travelled many hundreds of miles, from the Mediterranean, the furthest reaches of the Baltic or the far north of Scandinavia. The fact that people arrived from such a wide range of places shows not only the attractiveness of England to people on the move, but also the resulting diversity of its population. The French Of all the places from

in Immigrant England, 1300–1550
Abstract only
Steven Hutchinson

Perhaps no human category is more representative of the unities and divisions of the early modern Mediterranean than the so-called renegades, whose protagonism stands out as much as their enigmatic character masks them. Even to gather them into the same category might be questionable, since it could be said that the only thing that all renegades had in common is that they were Christians – or occasionally Jews – who converted to Islam, for many reasons and in many different circumstances. Yet certain modes of thinking and acting are discernible to one degree or

in Frontier narratives
The pawn
Andrekos Varnava

Greece’. 32 Five governments agreed that Cyprus was useless for strategic purposes and that Britain should eventually relinquish it, which it eventually offered to do in 1912. The Mediterranean war strategy The context of the proposal was a possible war against the Triple Alliance. In 1911 there were two dangerous crises that exposed the unreadiness

in British Imperialism in Cyprus, 1878–1915
The imperial imagination
Andrekos Varnava

according to a map ‘Il Europe en 1860’, circulated in Paris. ( The Times , 14 February 1859, 14ff.) Europeans, in driving towards Jerusalem during the Crusader centuries, construed the Mediterranean as part of their space and the Enlightenment and Romantic movements

in British Imperialism in Cyprus, 1878–1915