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Loch K. Johnson

). 7 For an accounting of some, see Amy B. Zegart, “September 11 and the Adaptation Failure of US Intelligence Agencies,” 29 International Security (Spring 2005), 78–111. 8 See Loch K. Johnson, Seven Sins of American Foreign Policy (New York: Longman, 2007

in Intelligence and national security policymaking on Iraq
Official inquiries into prewar UK intelligence on Iraq
Mark Phythian

reported and revealed that on September 11, 2002, the same day as an email appealing for additional intelligence to bolster the in-production Downing Street dossier went out (see Chapter 5 ), MI6 produced a report containing intelligence from “a new source on trial.” This provided “significant assurance to those drafting the Government’s dossier that active, current production of chemical and biological agent was taking

in Intelligence and national security policymaking on Iraq
Lee Jarvis and Michael Lister

: For example, look at September 11, when that happened there was a high number of women who were wearing the headscarf being treated with discrimination, headscarves were being pulled off, calling names, being called terrorist, ninja, whatever, very negative name calling. Why? Because somebody says that’s them, we are us, and we are British, and they are

in Anti-terrorism, citizenship and security
Abstract only
Tim Aistrope

true’. 12 President Bush, in his address to the United Nations General Assembly two days later, made a similar connection: We must speak the truth about terror. Let us never tolerate outrageous conspiracy theories concerning the attacks of September 11; malicious lies that attempt to

in Conspiracy theory and American foreign policy
The weapon of the weakest?
Susanne Martin and Leonard Weinberg

powerful of these Islamist organizations appear to be Dawn of Libya, Ansar al-Sharia (with branches in Benghazi and the nearby port city of Dern), the Raf al-Sahati Brigade, and the February 17 Martyrs Brigade. The U.S. State Department now designates both branches of Ansar al-Sharia as FTOs. The reason for this designation was its role in the September 11, 2012, attack on the U.S. Mission in Benghazi. This attack involved the murder of the United States’ Ambassador Christopher Stevens and three members of his staff. The killings also had political ramifications in the

in The role of terrorism in twenty-first-century warfare
Abstract only
Stephen Emerson and Hussein Solomon

critical factor in forming identity in Africa, but it has assumed a special importance since mid-2000 given the rise of violent religious extremism across the continent. Not surprisingly in the post-September 11 world, much of this focus has centered on the polarizing Christian–Muslim divide that appears to be fueling and sustaining multiple conflict situations in Africa. In several strategically important countries, such as Nigeria and the DRC, at least half those interviewed agreed that conflict between religious groups is a very big problem in their countries.28 In

in African security in the twenty-first century
Leonie Murray

calls the ‘otherness’), globalism/global civil society, multiculturalism and social pluralism will be the important markers for the future of both the discipline and the human project itself; in this way combining traditional peacemaking issues with the post-Cold War complex social-ethnic conflict issues and post-September 11 clash of culture claims.40 In this contemporary conceptualisation the effort to draw more firmly on positive modes of peace from the past and, particularly, from non-northern cultures features heavily and is of vital importance in moving the

in Peacemaking in the twenty-first century
James P. Pfiffner

of September 11, 2001, a Time/CNN poll found that 78 percent of respondents thought that Saddam Hussein was involved with the attacks on the twin trade towers in New York and the Pentagon in Washington. 1 From that time to the beginning of the war and into the summer of 2003, the President Bush and his administration strongly implied that there was a link between Saddam and the al Qaeda hijackers, despite Ossama bin Laden

in Intelligence and national security policymaking on Iraq
Samantha Newbery

and the American people, 21 September 2001, accessed 5 December 2013, . 5 J. Hallenberg, ‘What were the Bush administration’s goals in invading Iraq?’, in J. Hallenberg and H. Karlsson (eds), The Iraq War: European Perspectives on Politics, Strategy and Operations

in Interrogation, intelligence and security
Abstract only
Tim Aistrope

. 24 Olmsted, Real Enemies . 25 R. A. Goldberg, ‘ “Who Profited from the Crime?” Intelligence Failure, Conspiracy Theories, and the Case of September 11’, Journal of Intelligence and National Security , 19:2 ( 2004 ), pp. 249

in Conspiracy theory and American foreign policy