logistical management of vehicle pools, driver training and respect for traffic rules (speed, seatbelts and car maintenance) had improved, as the ‘Aid Worker Security Database’ ( Humanitarian Outcomes , n.d.) demonstrated. Moreover, I found only a few car accidents in our archives, though it was likely that not all the incidents had been reported. In fact, one of the biggest obstacles to incident reporting was the fear of consequences and of headquarters interfering in the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Governing Precarity through Adaptive Design

), ‘ Third World Industrialization: “Global Fordism” or a New Model? ’, New Left Review , 182 , 5 – 31 . Anderson , C. ( 2007 ), ‘ The End of Theory: The Data Deluge Makes the Scientific Method Obsolete ’, Wired , 16 July , http://archive.wired.com/science/discoveries/magazine/16-07/pb_theory (accessed 9 February 2015 ). Bauman , Z. ( 2000 ), Liquid Modernity ( Cambridge : Polity Press ). Becker , K. F. ( 2004 ), The Informal Economy: Fact Finding Study ( Stockholm : Sida

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Representations and perceptions of fraudulent identities

Impostors and impostures featured prominently in the political, social and religious life of early modern England. Who was likely to be perceived as impostor, and why? This book offers a full-scale analysis of this multifaceted phenomenon. Using approaches drawn from historical anthropology and micro-history, it investigates changes and continuities within the impostor phenomenon from 1500 to the late eighteenth century, exploring the variety of representations and perceptions of impostors, and their deeper meanings within the specific contexts of social, political, religious, institutional and cultural change. The book examines a wide range of sources, from judicial archives and other official records to chronicles, newspapers, ballads, pamphlets and autobiographical writings. Given that identity is never fixed, but involves a performative dimension, changing over time and space, it looks at the specific factors which constitute identity in a particular context, and asks why certain characteristics of an allegedly false identity were regarded as fake.

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The life of Georges Franju belonged to the cinema. Although he was recognised as an important director as soon as his first significant short, Le Sang des bêtes, was shown in Paris in 1948, his reputation as a film-maker has often been and remains eclipsed by the place accorded him in cinema history. In the 1930s, and Franju became the Executive Secretary of the Fédération Internationale des Archives du Film (FIAF), an organisation founded on French initiative. Early in 1940, two years after his appointment as Executive Secretary of FIAF, Franju also co-founded another organisation devoted to the promotion of cinema, the Circuit Cinématographique des Arts et des Sciences. Franju's place in French film history is inseparable from the shape of his career, a long 'apprenticeship' in short films that preceded the eight features he made between 1958 and 1973. This book examines the production context of Franju's courts métrages and offers readings of thirteen of these shorts that group them by theme, rather than chronologically. It comprises preliminary readings of all the longs métrages through the prism of the issue of genre, an approach that has never been applied to most of them. The book tackles the area to which the bulk of existing studies of Franju are limited, his cinematic aesthetics, although it attempts both a new synthesis and an expansion of this field of study. Finally, it investigates gender identities, the structure of the family, and sexualities in Franju's cinema.

The dynamic processes of knowledge production in archaeology and elsewhere in the humanities and social sciences are increasingly viewed within the context of negotiation, cooperation and exchange, as the collaborative effort of groups, clusters and communities of scholars. Shifting focus from the individual scholar to the wider social contexts of her work, this volume investigates the importance of informal networks and conversation in the creation of knowledge about the past, and takes a closer look at the dynamic interaction and exchange that takes place between individuals, groups and clusters of scholars in the wider social settings of scientific work. Various aspects of and mechanisms at work behind the interaction and exchange that takes place between the individual scholar and her community, and the creative processes that such encounters trigger, are critically examined in eleven chapters which draw on a wide spectrum of examples from Europe and North America: from early modern antiquarians to archaeological societies and practitioners at work during the formative years of the modern archaeological disciplines and more recent examples from the twentieth century. The individual chapters engage with theoretical approaches to scientific creativity, knowledge production and interaction such as sociology and geographies of science, and actor-network theory (ANT) in their examination of individual–collective interplay. The book caters to readers both from within and outside the archaeological disciplines; primarily intended for researchers, teachers and students in archaeology, anthropology, classics and the history of science, it will also be of interest to the general reader.

The ambivalence of queer visibility in audio- visual archives

 175 10 NAMING, SHAMING, FRAMING? The ambivalence of queer visibility in audio-​visual archives* Dag m ar  Brunow T his chapter looks at the dynamics of visibility and vulnerability in audio-​ visual heritage. It analyses how film archives in Sweden and the UK, following their diversity policies, address and mobilise the notion of queer, recognising and making visible queer lives, history and cinema, and how they negotiate the risks of increased visibility. In this approach, the archive is positioned as an object of analysis, shifting the focus on the archive

in The power of vulnerability
A view from the archives

12 Conserving Conservative women: a view from the archives Jeremy McIlwaine This volume emerges from a joint effort between academics and the Conservative Party Archive at the Bodleian Library, Oxford, and the shared initiative to better define, analytically and empirically, the history of women and gender issues in the party from the period of the its modernisation in the later nineteenth century to the present.1 The purpose of this chapter is to set out some of the ­challenges – ­and ­successes – ­facing the preservation of the archival legacy relating to

in Rethinking right-wing women
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Bound together

take time as its setting; rather, it embeds time in its narrative structure. Carolyn Steedman1 The purpose of history, guided by genealogy, is not to discover the roots of our identity, but to commit itself to its dissipation […] to make visible all those discontinuities that cross us. Michel Foucault2 This book considers historic gay and lesbian leather communities by way of two interrelated lines of enquiry; addressing the archives where leather histories and their attendant visual and material objects currently reside, while also examining the projects of

in Bound together
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Epilogue Our account of lesbianism in post-war Britain ends in 1971. However, the subsequent history of the women we have encountered could in many ways be said to bring us back to where we started in the archives. This story would therefore not be complete if we failed to consider the history of the Hall Carpenter Oral History Archive itself, and its role in shaping the ways in which post-war lesbian history can be imagined. In the decade after 1971, new social and political conceptualisations of lesbianism proliferated. Following the demise of Arena Three, a

in Tomboys and bachelor girls

recognise them as an invaluable way into the messy traces left by subcultures, DIY and fan cultures, and the politics of identity.4 Archivists on and off-line continue to build new collections, mapping the specifics of a place, scene or group of zine makers. Whether in the most eminent national collections, or more loosely archived on social networking sites, they construct a bottom-up history; irreverent, both textual and visual, recycled and disseminated beyond profit and funding structures. Historians also use zines to disseminate research. Punkademics produce (aca

in Ripped, torn and cut