Manuscript copies of
the Apology: a census
Audiences , Register 366
( Miscellanées ), ff. 24 a –31 a
> Latin intertextere ), influence (or flowing: > Latin
influere ) and allusion (or playing: > Latin alludere ) –
these being just three general forms of intertextuality. A more specific
variant for the Chaucer/Spenser relationship that I have previously
highlighted is Spenser’s own figure of the ‘euerlasting scryne’ that
contains the ‘antique rolles’ out of which The Faerie
Queene is fashioned (I.Pro.2). 10 The scrine, a treasure chest, represents both written and
mnemonic sources, indeed, the whole cultural archive
remind us that if Shakespeare’s theatre does house a cult of
the dead then it does so beyond the ‘stale
recuperative’ mechanism of the historical archive. In its
restaging of the past Nashe suggests that the history play is itself
revived as a process of continual renewal, a re-enactment of a
‘sacrificial ritual’ – a
‘plead[ing]’ issued in ‘open presence
Purification, candles, and the Inviolata as music for churching
Jane D. Hatter
Inviolata was part of the shared memorial archive of
music known by both clerical and lay people. It is a prime candidate
for use as a musical embellishment of churching rituals because of
its association with blessed candles, childbirth, and purification
rituals. The fact that it existed in so many different musical
settings, including some popular printed collections, implies that
8 An Exact Account of the Daily Proceedings of the Commission of Oyer and Terminer at
York (1664), 2; The Intelligencer, no. 5 (18 January 1664); see also The National Archives
[TNA]: SP 29/70 fol. 130.
9 Robert Surtees, The History and Antiquities of the County Palatine of Durham, compiled
from original records, 4 vols (London, 1816–40), ii, pp. 389–90.
10 Ibid., pp. 389–90.
11 Ibid., pp. 389–90.
12 Ibid., pp. 389–90.
13 For the Gunpowder Plot, see Pauline Croft, ‘The Gunpowder Plot Fails’ in Brenda
Buchanan and others, Gunpowder Plots (London
.bessofhardwick.org (accessed 13 June 2018).
10 The full archive reference for each letter, which lists archive, letter collection,
volume and folio numbers, can be found at: www.bessofhardwick.org. In addition
to the full archive reference, the date (if known), place of composition (if known),
recipient and content of each letter can be found on the digital edition of her
letters. For example, ID 107: Magdalene College, Cambridge, Pepys MS 2503,
pp. 203–6. January 1569. Tutbury, Staffordshire. To Dudley. Letter conveying
information regarding the arrival of Mary, Queen of Scots. The
into the marriage, it is not clear
whether she or Shrewsbury was responsible for the enclosure. See the conflicting
interpretations by Durant, Bess of Hardwick, p. 46; Kershaw, ‘Power and duty’,
pp. 280 and 285; and Wood, Social Conflict, p. 210.
13 The National Archives, State Papers Domestic (Elizabeth) (hereafter TNA, SP),
12/207, item 44, fol. 65; image accessed through State Papers Online (Gale,
Cengage Learning, 2016; Gale Document Number: MC4304284445) at http://
gale.cengage.co.uk/state-papers-online-15091714.aspx (accessed 15 June 2018).
The countess of Shrewsbury and the Lady Arbella Stuart
Sara Jayne Steen
between them from Arbella’s youth
and tempting to assume that, had they been as close as were Arbella and
Mary Talbot, there would be more. That assumption about the relationship
might be true, but archival survival is not predictable, and when Arbella was
in her teens and twenties and a more capable correspondent, she more often
physically resided with her grandmother and thus would not have written to her.
During the Armada summer of 1588, Arbella was returned to Derbyshire.
Arbella later said she had been ‘disgraced in the Presence <at Greenwich>
A difficult and
Ben Jonson’s admiration for Southwell’s ‘burning Babe’
and Brown, Caraman, Brownlow, and Pilarz have all described
Southwell’s origins, college life, and English mission from the
sparse textual evidence available. This general reconstruction has been
enlivened by some of Southwell’s own letters discovered in the
archives in Rome. 82
Southwell is most easily reclaimed through the nature of
the memories to which he drew attention at a later date, such as his
Performing the politics of passion: Troilus and Criseyde and Troilus and Cressida and the literary tradition of love and history
Andrew James Johnston and Russell West-Pavlov
working backwards to effect ever-new revisions of the archive upon which
This means, secondly, that the causal relationship of
sequential order which nineteenth-century historicism imposed upon time,
and whose measure was that of various scales of periodization, is
fundamentally disturbed in its logic. This is an altogether more radical
notion than the mere assertion of political tendentiousness