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An Apology of the Earl of Essex
Hugh Gazzard

Manuscript copies of the Apology: a census Birmingham University Special Collections MS 342 Brussels: General Archives Audiences , Register 366 ( Miscellanées ), ff. 24 a –31 a (imperfect). Cambridge: Emmanuel College Library

in Essex
Reading historically and intertextually
Judith Anderson

: > Latin intertextere ), influence (or flowing: > Latin influere ) and allusion (or playing: > Latin alludere ) – these being just three general forms of intertextuality. A more specific variant for the Chaucer/Spenser relationship that I have previously highlighted is Spenser’s own figure of the ‘euerlasting scryne’ that contains the ‘antique rolles’ out of which The Faerie Queene is fashioned (I.Pro.2). 10 The scrine, a treasure chest, represents both written and mnemonic sources, indeed, the whole cultural archive

in Rereading Chaucer and Spenser
John J. Joughin

remind us that if Shakespeare’s theatre does house a cult of the dead then it does so beyond the ‘stale recuperative’ mechanism of the historical archive. In its restaging of the past Nashe suggests that the history play is itself revived as a process of continual renewal, a re-enactment of a ‘sacrificial ritual’ – a ‘plead[ing]’ issued in ‘open presence

in Shakespeare’s histories and counter-histories
Purification, candles, and the Inviolata as music for churching
Jane D. Hatter

Inviolata was part of the shared memorial archive of music known by both clerical and lay people. It is a prime candidate for use as a musical embellishment of churching rituals because of its association with blessed candles, childbirth, and purification rituals. The fact that it existed in so many different musical settings, including some popular printed collections, implies that

in Conversions
The abortive Northern Rebellion of 1663
Alan Marshall

. 8 An Exact Account of the Daily Proceedings of the Commission of Oyer and Terminer at York (1664), 2; The Intelligencer, no. 5 (18 January 1664); see also The National Archives [TNA]: SP 29/​70 fol. 130. 9 Robert Surtees, The History and Antiquities of the County Palatine of Durham, compiled from original records, 4 vols (London, 1816–​40), ii, pp. 389–​90. 10 Ibid., pp. 389–​90. 11 Ibid., pp. 389–​90. 12 Ibid., pp. 389–​90. 13 For the Gunpowder Plot, see Pauline Croft, ‘The Gunpowder Plot Fails’ in Brenda Buchanan and others, Gunpowder Plots (London

in From Republic to Restoration
Imogen Julia Marcus (accessed 13 June 2018). 10 The full archive reference for each letter, which lists archive, letter collection, volume and folio numbers, can be found at: In addition to the full archive reference, the date (if known), place of composition (if known), recipient and content of each letter can be found on the digital edition of her letters. For example, ID 107: Magdalene College, Cambridge, Pepys MS 2503, pp. 203–6. January 1569. Tutbury, Staffordshire. To Dudley. Letter conveying information regarding the arrival of Mary, Queen of Scots. The

in Bess of Hardwick
Felicity Lyn Maxwell

into the marriage, it is not clear whether she or Shrewsbury was responsible for the enclosure. See the conflicting interpretations by Durant, Bess of Hardwick, p. 46; Kershaw, ‘Power and duty’, pp. 280 and 285; and Wood, Social Conflict, p. 210. 13 The National Archives, State Papers Domestic (Elizabeth) (hereafter TNA, SP), 12/207, item 44, fol. 65; image accessed through State Papers Online (Gale, Cengage Learning, 2016; Gale Document Number: MC4304284445) at http:// (accessed 15 June 2018). 14 [William

in Bess of Hardwick
The countess of Shrewsbury and the Lady Arbella Stuart
Sara Jayne Steen

between them from Arbella’s youth and tempting to assume that, had they been as close as were Arbella and Mary Talbot, there would be more. That assumption about the relationship might be true, but archival survival is not predictable, and when Arbella was in her teens and twenties and a more capable correspondent, she more often physically resided with her grandmother and thus would not have written to her. During the Armada summer of 1588, Arbella was returned to Derbyshire. Arbella later said she had been ‘disgraced in the Presence <at Greenwich> A difficult and

in Bess of Hardwick
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Ben Jonson’s admiration for Southwell’s ‘burning Babe’
Anne Sweeney

and Brown, Caraman, Brownlow, and Pilarz have all described Southwell’s origins, college life, and English mission from the sparse textual evidence available. This general reconstruction has been enlivened by some of Southwell’s own letters discovered in the archives in Rome. 82 Southwell is most easily reclaimed through the nature of the memories to which he drew attention at a later date, such as his

in Robert Southwell
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Performing the politics of passion: Troilus and Criseyde and Troilus and Cressida and the literary tradition of love and history
Andrew James Johnston and Russell West-Pavlov

working backwards to effect ever-new revisions of the archive upon which it depends. This means, secondly, that the causal relationship of sequential order which nineteenth-century historicism imposed upon time, and whose measure was that of various scales of periodization, is fundamentally disturbed in its logic. This is an altogether more radical notion than the mere assertion of political tendentiousness

in Love, history and emotion in Chaucer and Shakespeare