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Constructing the contest in Barbados, 1958–66

3 Parading the ‘crème de la crème’: constructing the contest in Barbados, 1958–66 T he ‘Carnival Queen’ beauty competition began in Barbados in 1958 and was modelled after its lucrative Trinidadian equivalent. Anglican Barbados did not have an annual carnival celebration before 1958. The organisers of the ‘Carnival Queen’ competition, the newly formed Barbados chapter of the Junior Chamber of Commerce (Jaycees), invented a carnival, consisting primarily of the music, dance and glamour of the ‘Carnival Queen Show’. The beauty competition formed the centrepiece

in Imagining Caribbean womanhood
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Actresses and playwrights on the Late-Stuart stage

This book challenges the traditional boundaries that have separated the histories of the first actresses and the early female playwright, bringing the approaches of new histories and historiography to bear on old stories to make alternative connections between women working in the business of theatre. Drawing from feminist cultural materialist theories and historiographies, it analyses the collaboration between the actresses Elizabeth Barry and Anne Bracegirdle and women playwrights such as Aphra Behn and Mary Pix, tracing a line of influence from the time of the first theatres royal to the rebellion that resulted in the creation of a players' co-operative. This is a story about public and private identity fuelling profit at the box office and gossip on the streets, investigating how women's on- and off-stage personae fed each other in the emerging commercial world of the business of theatre. Employing the narrative strategy of the micro-history, it offers a fresh approach to the history of women, seeing their neglected plays in the context of performance. Competition with the patent house resulted in a dirty tricks campaign that saw William Congreve supporting the female rebels or, as this book suggests, being supported by them. By combining detailed analysis of selected plays within the broader context of a playhouse managed by its leading actresses, the book challenges the received historical and literary canons, including a radical solution to the mysterious identity of the anonymous playwright ‘Ariadne’. It is a story of female collaboration and influence.

Jamaican beauty competitions and the myth of racial democracy, 1955–64

4 Fashioning ‘Ebony Cinderellas’ and brown icons: Jamaican beauty competitions and the myth of racial democracy, 1955–64 Jamaica, which not only by her own boast, but by world acclaim has long ago shown the right concept which enables peoples of diverse races to live and move together as one, has struck the final chord in a unique contest – TEN TYPES–ONE PEOPLE.1 I n 1955, Jamaica celebrated a national festival, ‘Jamaica 300’, which commemorated 300 years of Jamaica’s history as a British colony. A highly visible part of the year-long celebration was the ‘Ten

in Imagining Caribbean womanhood

importance. On the other hand, locational competition has had more ambiguous effects than ‘sceptics’ contend – depending on circumstances, it could become the key motive to enhance cross-border cooperation. Indeed, several authors have found that strong EWCs often develop in companies with a high degree of inter-firm investment and job competition (Kotthoff, 2006 : 43–61; Anner et al ., 2006 : 11–15). At least as important as the context-specific conditions at a

in Paradoxes of internationalization
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Caribbean beauty competitions in context

Introduction – Caribbean beauty competitions in context In 1949, the Caribbean Post, the brainchild of Jamaican feminist publisher Aimee Webster, announced the arrival of a new type of West Indian woman through its coverage of the pre-eminent beauty contest of British Honduras ‘Queen of the Bay’: This year’s ‘Queen of the Bay’ is the true type of evolving West Indian womanhood. Young, she is just eighteen, attractive with a tanned olive complexion, dark wavy hair, and bright black eyes; she has a flashing smile. And her queenly bearing is so characteristic of

in Imagining Caribbean womanhood

in the Irish market offers outlets that may be subject to potentially greater commercial pressures than ‘domestic’ outlets. In this chapter, we examine four major possible effects of commercialisation on election coverage. First, since most people are not interested in politics, the more commercial an outlet the less it would be expected to cover politics. Second, commercialisation is posited to affect how the media frames politics. Commercial pressures should increase the tendency to frame politics as political competition – ‘game’ coverage – rather than a policy

in Resilient reporting

explain different policy processes and outcomes. In this respect, two different forms of regulatory competition between the member states are of particular significance. On the one hand, the environmental policy interest constellations of the member states are defined to a great extent by the ‘systems competition’ within the European Common Market. In this context, regulatory competition pertains to the national reactions to international or European competition for mobile production factors and mobile sources for tax revenue.1 These constellations have significant

in Environmental politics in the European Union
Race, culture and power in the Trinidad ‘Carnival Queen’ beauty competition, 1946–59

2 Cleaning up Carnival: race, culture and power in the Trinidad ‘Carnival Queen’ beauty competition, 1946–59 There is no reason why Carnival should not gain in attractiveness what it loses in vulgarity. A first step towards better things may be to give it more coherence by establishing a central feature of wide public appeal and this purpose is served . . . by the ‘Carnival Queen’ contest.1 Trinidad Guardian, 1949 T he ‘Miss Trinidad’ beauty competition doubled as the search for an annual ‘Carnival Queen’. It began in Port of Spain in 1946, the first year in

in Imagining Caribbean womanhood
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Political parties reflect the societies within which they operate. Competition between parties – in pursuit of resources, power and, occasionally, prestige – is very much based on the competition that occurs between the different social groups that exist within a society. In the new European democracies of the 1920s, the contemporary party systems that emerged were

in Conflict to peace

Davies 06_Tonra 01 29/05/2012 17:40 Page 140 6 Grassroots cricket in the twenty-first century If Test and county cricket have reached a crossroads in the early years of the twentieth century, so has the grassroots version of the game. The notion of village cricket – conjuring up, as it does, images of genteel competition, church bells and cucumber sandwiches – seems to have passed its sell-by date. Local cricket today is a different animal altogether. In the first place, grassroots cricket has embraced the idea of competition almost totally. In the past there

in Cricket and community in England