Abstract only
Gordon Pirie

one-way) between Britain and outlying Empire territories were astonishing personal accomplishments and were statements of the individualism, courage and heroism which characterised early flying wherever it occurred. British pilots were not the only ones to make private long-distance flights between the two world wars, but their accomplishments were seized on as signs of national strength. Even after

in Cultures and caricatures of British imperial aviation
Frances Steel

‘harassing’, owing to the distances travelled, long hours of work, large crowds of indigenous passengers, carriage of perishable fruit cargoes and aggressive demands of traders and shippers in various ports. 2 Moreover, hazardous passages through uncharted coral reefs, the threat of violent storms in hurricane season and the tropical heat unsettled many shipboard workers and staff in

in Oceania under steam
Angelika Zirker

becomes an observer of what is going on within himself – which, simultaneously, creates distance from and involvement with what is being witnessed. The soliloquy as an inner debate serves, and has done so since Augustine, to make inward processes visible. During the early modern period, this technique or mode of speaking becomes integrated into fictional texts: the soliloquy is no longer restricted to devotional writing but finds its way into

in William Shakespeare and John Donne
Eric Richards

with industrialisation has been much modified. Generally the outcome of demographic and family studies has been to emphasise the unfixedness of the old rural population. The record of short-distance circulation demonstrates that the old economy was surprisingly responsive to opportunities and imperatives. We are also made aware of longer-distance mobility in times of distress, and especially among professional people. As well, there were rare and exceptional large-scale migrations of people within the British Isles: large numbers of Scots and English planters in the

in The genesis of international mass migration
Abstract only
Sam Rohdie

Immediacy Alain Bergala distinguishes between the disposition (the arrangement of a scene) and the attaque (the shooting of it in the choice of angle, distance, perspective, focal length). For the most part, in most fiction films, these two elements come together. In Godard’s case (and also in painting), the two procedures are usually disjoined so that the disposition and the attaque are at odds with one another. – allowing for improvisation, a sudden sight, the invisible becoming visible, an inspiration, a matter of an instant, a moment. In most films the scene

in Film modernism
Abstract only
Gordon Pirie

age was that it was partly airborne and acquired a new dimension and style, not that a new and different configuration of Empire emerged. In inter-war Britain, the pursuit of long-distance civil aviation was about the wish to maintain national standing and imperial interests in the face of competitive international industrial progress. Proponents stressed that the technology was a way of perpetuating

in Air empire
Digesting Africa
Tim Youngs

condemnation of ‘primitive’ society for lacking the rituals of preparation and consumption which are a feature of technological, capitalist societies. Increasing distance between food and its consumers had been given moral and social status during developments since the Middle Ages, with a movement away from communal dishes and vessels, and from direct physical contact with the food

in Travellers in Africa
Robert Bickers

, taught distance and encouraged distrust. China and the Chinese were denigrated, their politics and society ridiculed. Moreover, these mediums supplied the vocabulary through which treaty port recruits made sense of their world, and they shaped the behaviour of treaty port Britons. This discourse on China took place within a strong-rooted and well developed general discourse on the ‘Oriental’ and

in Britain in China
Michael Haneke’s disarming visions
Libby Saxton

resistance to their pernicious influence intersect with the concerns of debates in recent scholarship in a number of illuminating ways. In La Souffrance à distance, the sociologist Luc Boltanski has analysed the uneasy moral position of a ‘spectateur éloigné et abrité’ 3 contemplating mediated spectacles of suffering from afar ( 1993 : 42). Drawing on Hannah Arendt’s account of an evolving ‘politics of pity’, Boltanski seeks to

in Five directors
Open Access (free)
Lessons for the Conservatives?
Edward Ashbee

conclusion to that drawn by Gingrich and his co-thinkers. It showed that subsequent Republican candidates had to distance themselves from the more doctrinaire and radical forms of conservatism. This form of thinking shaped the course of the 1996 presidential election. After some initial hesitation, the party’s supporters – who select the presidential candidate through the primaries and caucuses – threw their weight behind Dole. Unlike some of the other contenders, he had substantial name recognition through his role as Senate Majority Leader and his efforts to win the

in The Conservatives in Crisis