This chapter examines the
post-conflict intervention of the EU in Bosnia until 2001. EU foreign
policy during this period was marked by continuity. The EU’s
intervention in Bosnia continued to be mainly civilian (economic and
humanitarian) in nature since military initiatives were avoided by the
Sweden, military intervention and the loss of
Annika Bergman Rosamond and Christine Agius
Since the 1990s, Sweden has gradually changed from a neutral country to
one that is ‘militarily non-aligned.’ It has taken active part in international
peace operations under the command of NATO and the EU, and contributed forces to operations in Kosovo, Afghanistan and Libya. In 2015 Sweden
also set aside resources to train Kurdish troops in Northern Iraq in the fight
against ISIS (Dagens Nyheter 2015). At the 2014 NATO Summit in Warsaw,
This chapter explores the intimate labour performed by surrogate mothers in the globalized fertility market. Using her body and providing her womb and uterus, blood and sweat, the surrogate mother engages in a highly embodied labour (Pande, 2010). At the same time, the non-genetic relation between the foetus and the surrogate is used by clients and clinics to reduce the woman to a ‘gestational carrier’ and a ‘mere vessel’ (Pande, 2010). By drawing on interviews with Thai women enrolled in transnational commercial surrogacy, this chapter highlights the surrogate mothers’ precarious and vulnerable position in a process of cross-cultural biotechnological intervention with inherently differential power relations among the stakeholders.
Bioprecarity in the context of humanitarian surgical missions
Nadia’s story attests, both precedes and follows these life-saving cardiac interventions. Widely recognized as ‘a word of the times’ (Allison, 2013 : 6), precarity typically refers to one of two conditions: a labour condition and a generalized ontological condition. Regarding the former, scholars call attention to the ‘uncertain, unpredictable, and risky’ forms of work that, while historically the norm for many workers, are especially characteristic of late capitalism (Kalleberg, 2009 ). Regarding the latter, they are largely inspired by Judith Butler’s ( 2004
Transgender patients in early Swedish medical research
modern prison and asylum were based on disciplinary power through detainment in physical spaces, such as cellular units, these institutions also operated through an intervention into life at the level of the temporality of the subject. In the context of trans-specific medical and psychological diagnostics, indefinite waiting and being caught in a temporal standstill are constitutive of disciplinary power over ‘trans temporality’ (Pearce, 2018 ). The 1960s Swedish clinical studies on transsexual patients that I examine in this chapter formed the scientific background
Indigeneity, bioprecarity and the construction of the embodied self – an artist’s view
Katarina Pirak Sikku and Gabriele Griffin
culture (e.g. Broberg and Roll-Hansen, 2005 ; Spektorowski and Mizrachi, 2004 ; TallBear, 2003 ; 2013 ). This may be a function of contemporary biotechnological developments that allow increasingly sophisticated and complex interventions in procreation, but also of the long-standing battles for recognition of their human, land and other rights that indigenous peoples have fought. Sameblod is just one example of this. In this film, it is made very clear that the Sámi are regarded as an inferior race, akin to animals, by the dominant Swedish population. At one
Makes More: Known Donors, Queer Parents, and Our Unexpected Families . London, ON : Insomniac Press .
Griffin , G. ( 2017 ) ‘ Erasing mother, seeking father: Biotechnological interventions, anxieties over motherhood and donor offspring’s narratives of self ’, in Rye G. , Browne , V. , Giorgio , A. , Jeremiah , E. and Six , A. L. (eds) Motherhood in Literature and Culture: Interdisciplinary Perspectives from Europe . London : Routledge , pp. 85 – 95 .
Knapton , S. ( 2018 ) ‘ 17 British sperm donors have fathered more than 500 children between
within various traditions of the oppressed’ (Weheliye, 2014 : 13). Habeas viscus as a strategic intervention locates the political right to a decent human life, which is grievable, in the flesh.
The final strategy ‘prioritizes flourishing’ and an ‘openness to the possibility of things being otherwise’. Open normativity ‘keeps futures open’ and states that something or someone ‘deserves to continue’ in order ‘to open freedoms to one another’ (Shotwell, 2016 : 155 f.). This is the reverse of what categorizations and norms that cause bioprecarity
Seeking help against intimate partner violence in lesbian and queer relationships
protection of the law, groups are forced to be visible, this can have negative consequences such as misrecognition, new forms of pathologies and exclusions (Moran and Skeggs, 2004 : 5). The criminalization of primarily gay men’s sexual activities for example has meant that this group has been made more visible, not least by the state (Moran and Skeggs, 2004 : 50). Whereas visibility can render you vulnerable to harassment or unwanted intervention, invisibility, such as failing to acknowledge your relationship or the specificity of your experiences, works as symbolic
Throughout the long nineteenth century and
until 1939, ‘intervention’ (originally a French term) or
‘interference’ (the original British term) was
‘Protean’, covering an array of manifestations ‘from a speech
in Parliament by Palmerston to the partition of Poland’. 1 Not only was the scope of intervention wide, but
its meaning and consequences remained contentious.
The Argentinean diplomat and jurist Carlos Calvo points out, in his