Pain in Dutch stock trade discourses and practices, 1600–1750
costs – little attention has been given to pain in economic theory and practice.2 Cultural histories of pain analyse the phenomenon in the context and
terms of science, religion, politics, law, language, literature, arts, etc., but they
seem to have little interest in the way pain might have functioned in the
realm of commerce and trade, nor how economic discourses might have
informed discourses on pain.3
This chapter will explore the role pain played in stock trade discourses
in the early modern Dutch Republic. Did stock trade always hurt as much
as it did
requires the woman to navigate risks; both for herself and for the child she is gestating.
Many women acting as surrogates lack follow-up physical and mentalhealthcare after delivery. This increases their health risks and bodily vulnerability (Khader, 2013 ). Together with the lack of informed consent, the ignoring of medical rights, the lack of information provided to the surrogates and the requirement to comply with any requests for foetal reduction, this illustrates how the surrogacy process reduced the women to their reproductive capacity and womb, rendering
Association’, pp. 5–21.
64 MACA Archive, SA/MAC/B.1/66, ‘The MACA Annual Report 1954’, pp. 7–8.
65 Although these services struggled to assist people with mental health problems:
see V. Long, ‘Rethinking post-war mentalhealthcare: industrial therapy and the
chronic mental patient in Britain’, Social History of Medicine, advance access, published online 10 March 2013.
66 ‘The MACA Annual Report 1954’, pp. 7–8.
67 Soanes, ‘Rest and Restitution’, p. 251.
68 Ibid., pp. 214–18.
69 ‘The MACA Annual Report 1954’, p. 9.
70 MACA Archive, SA/MAC/B.1/76, ‘The MACA
instruments acted as a yardstick
to measure progress. The amount of financial assistance and technical expertise deployed for each human rights area concerned depended on the severity
of the rights violations and, above all, on the political weight and visibility
acquired by the respective policy sector.
The broad spectrum of social issues was at the heart of the EU human rights
conditionality as applied in Romania. Amongst the social policy sectors
addressed by the EU, the situation of the people with disabilities in residential
care and the mentalhealth
–1800’, Medical History, 32 (1988), 34–50, at pp. 36–8;
Miller, ‘English pauper lunatics’, pp. 318–28.
7 For overviews see A. Scull, The Most Solitary of Afflictions: Madness and
Society in Britain 1700–1900 (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1993);
S. Cherry, MentalHealthCare in Modern England: The Norfolk Lunatic
Asylum, St Andrew’s Hospital c.1810–1998 (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2003);
L. Smith, Lunatic Hospitals in Georgian England 1750–1830 (London:
8 J. Melling, B. Forsythe and R. Adair, ‘Families, communities and the
legal regulation of lunacy in
Perceiving, describing and modelling child development
-specific’ legislation to be passed in the UK,
demonstrating the significance of the autism diagnosis to reframing
approaches to mentalhealthcare, social welfare provision and
individual rights in the UK. In 2013, EU Aims, a major initiative to
develop new treatments for autism, received the largest grant for any
mental health problem in the whole of Europe, revealing the cultural
capital and potential for revenue
Therapy and empowerment, coercion and punishment. Historical and contemporary perspectives on work, psychiatry and society
(Montreal: McGill Queen’s University Press, 2006).
Historical and contemporary perspectives 29
2 Vicky Long, ‘Rethinking post-war mentalhealthcare: Industrial therapy and the
chronic mental patient in Britain’, Social History of Medicine, 26:4 (2013), 738–58.
3 Occupational health has recently become a well-established field: Vicky Long, The
Rise and Fall of the Healthy Factory: The Politics of Industrial Health in Britain,
1914–60 (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011); Arthur McIvor and Ronnie
Johnston, Lethal Work
beyond the book itself. As the last chapter showed, the antipsychiatry movement was a form of immediate self-defence for gay men and
lesbians and a way in which to challenge the whole structure around models of
behaviour. The Front had participants who had been both providers and clients
of mentalhealthcare provision. The Front’s Anti-Psychiatry Workshop aimed its
campaigns at the heart of the professional world of the established medical elite.
GLFers spoke at a radical psychiatry event, the Politics of Psychology conference
Gay liberation 1969–73
co-operation’ in the 1960s.70 The LMG originated in 1963,
when the Student Christian Movement (SCM), the arm of the
ecumenical movement concerned with higher education in Britain,
commissioned the doctor and chaplain Andrew Mepham to survey
the needs of medical school students. Mepham found that while
theology students received lectures and seminars from visiting
doctors, with some attending hospital courses on subjects such as
mentalhealthcare, teaching hospitals made no systematic effort to
allow medical students to receive lectures from theologians or other
Unlike CADA, the CPH which accommodate those with refugee status
are not legally tasked with a medico-legal function. However, a number of
them help occupants who require medical attention. For instance, the CPH
run by the Forum Réfugiés in Lyon collaborates with hospitals, GPs and
mother and baby protection teams in the Lyon region. It also runs mental
health clinics, on its premises, offering CPH occupants a diagnostic and
referral service (ibid.).
Apart from medical services available in many CADA and some CPH,
mentalhealthcare within the state