Neil Murphy

in social reality beyond limited surface signposting. Linda Hutcheon raises this very point in an effort to acknowledge the possible autonomous nature of fictional worlds: ‘In literature words create worlds; they are not necessarily counters, however adequate, to any extraordinary reality. In that very fact lies their aesthetic validity and their ontological status’ (Hutcheon 1980, pp. 102–103). Contemporary Irish fiction and the indirect gaze 181 One of the ways in which literary texts establish a non-­realist ‘ontological status’, or as Thomas Pavel describes

in From prosperity to austerity
Narratives, text, narrators
Sue-Ann Harding

This chapter, the theoretical foundation of the book, begins by offering a working definition of narrative from a sociological perspective, including the key concepts of ontological narrativity (the idea that narratives constitute rather than merely represent reality) and relationality (the idea that narratives are constructed by making meaningful connections). Four different types of narratives

in Beslan
Ilan Zvi Baron

when social scientists turn to philosophy for methodological terminology to describe Unlearning how we think 65 something that is (1) not necessarily methodological and (2) involves repurposing philosophical terms that denote particular philosophical problems or methodologies for non-philosophical meanings. It has become common to throw around philosophical language, using terms such as ontology, phenomenology, and hermeneutics, in order to provide gravitas to qualitative research as though we need to compete with scientists and their scientific jargon.9 I want to

in How to save politics in a post-truth era
Jeremy C.A. Smith

dual character. That Japan’s relational orientation is reaffirmed throughout its history is evident in major episodes of engagement with the outside world and reflection on its existing dynamic traditions. The formative period features in the three major perspectives. The three diverge, however, on how social change is conditioned by relations with the East Asian region. For Eisenstadt, Japan was an unusual de-​axialising civilisation (1996). In its digestion and relativisation of the world religions, Japan had a foundational moment in which a pattern of ontological

in Debating civilisations
Abstract only
Ilan Zvi Baron

: Manifestly, [phenomenon] is something that proximally and for the most part does not show itself at all: it is something that lies hidden, in contrast to that which proximally and for the most part does show itself; but at the same time it is something that belongs to what thus shows itself, and it belongs to it so essentially as to constitute its meaning and its ground.20 Phenomenology is thus concerned with ontology. However, as explained in an introductory overview of Being and Time, Saving politics 161 “Traditional ontology … has misconstrued our being as human

in How to save politics in a post-truth era
Derek Schilling

mentor’s ‘first principle’: ‘Le cinéma apparaît comme l’achèvement dans le temps de l’objectivité photographique’ (Cinema appears as the completion in time of photographic objectivity) (Rohmer 1984 : 153/ 1989 : 97). This thesis of film’s mechanical, objective character, which Bazin first proposed in a landmark essay of 1945 on the ‘ontology’ of the photographic image, heralded in Rohmer’s view a Copernican revolution, for

in Eric Rohmer
The ‘negative dialectics’ of The Maximus Poems
Tim Woods

17 ‘Moving among my particulars’: the ‘negative dialectics’ of The Maximus Poems Tim Woods Riven by striking tensions and fissures, The Maximus Poems is nevertheless an optimistic narrative of adventure and edification, a journey of the modern spirit that is preoccupied with the possibility of its own structure and being. Indeed, Olson’s very line structures constantly defy the laws of grammar as they test the ontological imagination beyond its conventional boundaries. The ‘sentences’ begin with subjects that frequently appear interchangeable with their objects

in Contemporary Olson
Andrew Carnegie’s dreamworld
Duncan Bell

and circulation of visions of the United States emanating from multiple institutional sites and intellectual ecologies, from universities and think tanks through to computer games and Hollywood blockbusters? A second issue concerns the conceptual presuppositions involved in writing national histories. Most accounts of the intellectual history of American foreign policy explore how American policy intellectuals envisaged the nature and purpose of the United States. This framing invokes a specific ontology of world politics that privileges the sovereign state. The

in American foreign policy
Clara Eroukhmanoff

. These assumptions relate to the meaning of what is collectively recognised (intersubjectively) as a president, a nation-state, the armed forces, the branches of government and so on. Human language has thus the ability to not merely represent factual reality – that is, brute facts – but also has the ability to create reality itself: we create money, private property, marriage and other institutional facts by representing them as ontologically existing (Searle 2010 , 86). Speaking, in the sense of using a common language

in The securitisation of Islam
Steven Griggs and David Howarth

explanation and interpretation (Torfing, 2005: 25). Rather, we employ a ‘thicker’ conception of discourse theory in which discourse does not just consist of an abstract cognitive system of beliefs and words, but is a constitutive dimension of social relations. It does not merely describe or make known a pre-­ existing or underlying reality, but serves partly to bring that reality into being for subjects (Gottweis, 2003: 251). In expounding our approach, we begin by setting out the ontological assumptions of poststructuralist discourse theory, showing how its categories and

in The politics of airport expansion in the United Kingdom