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James Breasted’s early scientific network
Kathleen Sheppard

, and would do, for generations of diggers trained by Petrie, Breasted’s time on site made him a professional Egyptologist possibly more than his doctorate did. Petrie’s goal in training excavators was to instill in them his methods of scientific archaeology. He was wedded to measurement, quantification, and careful extraction from the ground of as many artifacts as possible. While a PhD was important for the language study that Breasted wished to do, in order to be a real Egyptologist at the turn of the twentieth century he needed field experience and Petrie was the

in Communities and knowledge production in archaeology
Jette Sandahl

cultural riches from one side of the Earth to the other. His faith in the supremacy of scientific research surpasses any other consideration or claim, and justifies his entitlement, at gunpoint or by any other means, to claim as his whatever he desires. Erland Nordenskiöld was the founding figure of the collections which, in the twentieth century, formed the core of the new Ethnographic Museum in Gothenburg, and which, at the beginning of the twenty-first century, as the challenges of globalisation and accelerated migration created a new political interest around the

in Curatopia
Curatorial bodies, encounters and relations
Noelle M.K.Y. Kahanu, Moana Nepia and Philipp Schorch

Communities, Engaging Heritage (Woodbridge: Boydell and Brewer, 2017), pp. 31–46.  4 For a related Māori example of this approach, see P. Tapsell, ‘The Flight of Pareraututu: An Investigation of Taonga from a Tribal Perspective’, Journal of the Polynesian Society, 106:4 (1997), 323–74.  5 P. Burgess, ‘He alo ā he alo’, in R. MacPherson (ed.), He alo ā he alo: Face to Face: Hawaiian Voices on Sovereignty (Honolulu: Hawai‘i Area Office American Friends Service Committee, 1993), p. xii.  6 Ibid.  7 J. Clifford, Routes: Travel and Translation in the Late Twentieth Century

in Curatopia
Abstract only
Victoria L. McAlister

and the built environment have been used throughout time and space to make a visual statement of being in the world. This practice continued in the twentieth century in the form of aspirational country house purchasing, or what Evelyn Waugh called the ‘cult’ of the country house. In the twenty-first century, it is the upper middle classes striving to buy a second home in the country, reflecting ‘a distinct bourgeois culture’ (Ganesh, 2017 ). This can be paralleled with tower house builders striving to improve their position. It is also a

in The Irish tower house
A reassessment
Roger Forshaw

skeletal and mummified remains. Rowling (1989: 316) stated that of the estimated 30,000 mummies and skeletal remains of all trauma care, surgery and remedies 129 periods of ancient Egyptian history that were investigated around the closing years of the nineteenth century and the first two decades of the twentieth century, no instance of a surgical scar was observed. However, Sullivan (1998: 113) indicated that it is extremely difficult if not impossible to identify a therapeutic incision in mummified specimens, particular in view of the previous use of embalming

in Mummies, magic and medicine in ancient Egypt
Abstract only
The Manchester Natural History Society
Samuel J.M.M. Alberti

public viewing, with the bulk in reserve storage; in South Kensington, Owen wanted an encyclopaedic collection with as much on display as possible. Thus the Manchester Museum collections, like other aspects of Victorian natural history, emerged from the voluntary sphere into a new space and form of ownership as the twentieth century loomed. In the hands of the College they were controlled not by wealthy amateurs, but by a new community of professional men of science. Gathered by wealthy late-Enlightenment collectors, the material cultures of provincial natural history

in Nature and culture
Interactional strategies in late-nineteenth-century Classical archaeology: the case of Adolf Furtwängler
Ulf R. Hansson

success can be ascribed to his small but close-knit group of devoted students and followers, some of whom came to be highly influential during the first half of the twentieth century: Paul Arndt, Ludwig Curtius, Hermann Thiersch, Friedrich Hauser, Johannes Sieveking, Heinrich Bulle, Walter Amelung, to name just a few. Brunn had made Munich an important centre for the study of especially ancient sculpture; his student Furtwängler transformed it to the very heart of so-called Stilarchäologie and Kopienkritik, building an outstanding archaeological library, cast and

in Communities and knowledge production in archaeology
Was he more than just ‘Dr Took’?
Jonathan R. Trigg

noted that, after the stones were removed by a Farmer Green in 1724, the ground was later ploughed by a Farmer Griffin (Anon, 1914: 125). As a result, the account is significant, yet it is perhaps indicative of the nature of prehistoric enquiry in Britain in the eighteenth, nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Toope’s observations were frequently referred to in a descriptive manner (e.g. Stukeley, 1743; Camden, 1722; Anon, 1819; Colt-Hoare, 1821; Long, 1858a, 1858b; Thurnam, 1860; Davis and Thurnam, 1865; Boyd-Dawkins, 1871; Smith, 1884; Cunnington, n.d.). When

in Communities and knowledge production in archaeology
Abstract only
Rick Peterson

vertical shaft onto an unstable talus slope would become disarticulated and dispersed in a way which is entirely compatible with the reconstructed positions of the human bone. There are also some Middle Neolithic dates from sites where the evidence is much more fragmentary. The single metatarsal from Pontnewydd, Denbighshire (Appendix 1, number 39: NGR SJ 0152 7102) comes from an individual who died between 3370 and 2930 BC (OxA-5820: 4495 +/- 70 BP: Aldhouse-Green et al. 1996, 446). The bone was found in the spoil-heap from nineteenth and early twentieth-century

in Neolithic cave burials
The permeable clusters of Hanna Rydh
Elisabeth Arwill-Nordbladh

place in the Swedish archaeological community, Hanna Rydh’s professionalisation strategies were situated in various circles. In addition to the archaeological scientific cluster, Hanna also was affiliated to feminist groups striving for female emancipation both within the academy, and in society as a whole. Being an academic in the early-twentieth century, Hanna made the quite unusual life choice to marry a colleague and raise a family with children, while maintaining her archaeological activities. Throughout her academic life, her family constituted a supportive

in Communities and knowledge production in archaeology