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The United States in the Asia and Indo-Pacifics
Inderjeet Parmar

. The relevant literature includes many fine volumes on Obama’s policy approach towards Asia with a particular focus on the Rebalance/Pivot strategy, but not on the entire record. 16 Our volume, therefore, is unique, and offers readers something entirely new. In particular, this volume stands out in three main ways. First, it offers readers a comprehensive analysis of Obama’s policy approach to the region across his full eight-year term as US president, along with the legacies he leaves behind. It does so with attention to Washington’s relations with key regional

in The United States in the Indo-Pacific
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The end of International Relations?
Torbjørn L. Knutsen

The ‘voices-of-exile’ issue of the ISQ revived an old discussion about the relationship between knowledge and power. It relied heavily on the French social philosopher Michel Foucault, who renewed this discussion during the late 1970s with his empirically grounded demonstrations of the tight historical relationship between scientific knowledge, techniques of discipline and social order. It also invoked Edward Said, Palestinian-born professor of English and Comparative Literature, whose theory of ‘orientalism’ made a deep impression on IR scholarship. Said

in A history of International Relations theory (third edition)
Eşref Aksu

normative basis of UN peacekeeping and the UN’s evolving role in world politics. The literature on the UN’s Cambodia experience has rightly pointed to the ‘comprehensive’ nature of the mission. What is less well understood is the normative meaning and implications of this comprehensiveness, which is what this chapter seeks to elucidate. Here we explore the local, regional and global interests

in The United Nations, intra-state peacekeeping and normative change
Stephen Emerson and Hussein Solomon

coastlands was entitled to claim the  exclusive right to exercise political influence for an indefinite distance inland,” according to Sir Frederick Lugard’s correspondence.1 This in turn  formed  the basis for the ensuing scramble in the remaining years of the nineteenth century by European nations eager to establish a physical presence in  the interior of the continent. While some effort was made to coopt local African rulers into ceding control of their land, military might was  the most commonly wielded tool of colonial  expansionism.  Whether through French

in African security in the twenty-first century
A comparative case study of Cameroon, Central African Republic, Ethiopia, Kenya and Uganda
Ivica Petrikova and Melita Lazell

Nations (Alesina and Dollar, 2000 ) and Security Council seats (Kuziemko and Werker, 2006 ). The securitisation of development aid holds, in contrast, that conflict and fragility in the Global South exist as a threat to national security. The literature investigating this topic maintains that the security–development nexus has affected the distribution of development resources, although few studies to date have examined how. For instance, McConnon argued that the ‘shift in discourse’ coincided with the ‘prioritisation of fragile states in aid

in Britain and Africa in the twenty-first century
Alexander Spencer

Authority to make War on the whole World, as he who has a hundred Sail of Ships at Sea and an Army of 100,000 Men in the Field; and this my Conscience tells me; but there is no arguing with such snivelling Puppies, who allow Superiors to kick them about Deck at Pleasure. ( Johnson [1724] 1999: 587) Not only was the General History an essential element and source for the romantic narrative amongst historians, but the book was also hugely influential with regard to storytelling within literature. ‘It publicized a generation of villains, and gave an almost mythical status

in Romantic narratives in international politics
Insurgents’ use of terrorism at the initial stages of conflict
Susanne Martin and Leonard Weinberg

commando team skyjacked an Air France jet bound for Tel Aviv and diverted it to the Ugandan airport outside Kampala, the state’s capital. The incident is remembered today because it ended when Israeli special operations forces stormed the airport lounge, killed the terrorists and liberated the hostages. The major German groups enjoyed somewhat greater success on the domestic front. For more than a decade, the RAF and the June 2 Movement kidnapped and often killed prominent public officials, bankers and businesspeople. The end of the Cold War and the collapse of the

in The role of terrorism in twenty-first-century warfare
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Why a history of International Relations theory?
Torbjørn L. Knutsen

-century theories were built around a mechanical vision of self-equilibrium, then nineteenth-century theories introduced an organic image of ‘progress’ or ‘evolution’. Chapter 6 first shows how international interaction was altered by the economic innovations of England’s Industrial Revolution and by the political ideals of the American and French Revolutions. The Enlightenment universalism of the revolutionaries triggered local and particularist reactions on the Continent. They fired up the modern idea of nationalism and of entire systems of political thought – most prominent

in A history of International Relations theory (third edition)
Data and measurement
Susanne Martin and Leonard Weinberg

conjunction with other means of mass mobilization. Terrorism was simply one tool among many. The benefits of terrorist violence were also recognized by groups on the far-right as well as those drawn to the cause of national independence. Accordingly, during the interwar period, fascist bands in France (e.g., Street Followers of the King), Romania (e.g., Iron Guard), and Hungary (e.g., Arrow Cross), as well as those in Italy and Germany, carried out assassinations of prominent anti-fascist politicians and journalists. In Yugoslavia, the Ustasha combined rabid Croat

in The role of terrorism in twenty-first-century warfare
Susanne Martin and Leonard Weinberg

terrorist tactics in the process. A secondary objective involves bridging the largely separate literatures on terrorism and warfare. These are the literatures on which this study draws and to which it contributes. Although scholarship on terrorism has developed largely THE “NEW” TERRORISM IN WARFARE 11 independently of scholarship on warfare, this separation makes little sense when referring to wars in the twenty-first century. Moreover, this separation makes little sense for a large number of wars (or “conflicts”), which took place during the twentieth century. As

in The role of terrorism in twenty-first-century warfare