Financial liberalisation and the end of the Cold War

M1218 - THOMPSON TXT.qxp:GRAHAM Q7.3 10/3/08 13:10 Page 144 4 Crises and non-crises: financial liberalisation and the end of the Cold War By 1973, the class of democracies was smaller than during the first two decades after the Second World War. Whilst communist rule was entrenched in the Soviet Union, eastern Europe, China, North Korea, North Vietnam and Cuba, in most post-colonial states, both those created after 1945 and those dating back to the nineteenth century, democracy had collapsed, leaving only Colombia and Venezuela in Latin America, Botswana in

in Might, right, prosperity and consent

the origins of untouchables). I thank Kartikeya Saboo for this tip. See Davies and Mates 2006: 162–5; ‘Body heat: using corpses for greenery may be a step too far’, The Economist, 6 August 2009 (www.economist. com.node/14191268, accessed 21 November 2010). Much of this account of the Czar’s end is taken from Massie (1996) and Radzinsky (1993). How this loss is addressed in the post-Soviet period is not the subject of this chapter, but an important advance is made by Serguei Oushakine (2009). References Bloch, M., 1971, Placing the Dead: Tombs, Ancestral Villages

in Governing the dead
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Testament français (complete with capitals in the English-translation titular rendering of its original French title) contains at least traces of the pathways explored in the present study. It also includes, of course, striking features of its own, or at least not encountered in our discussions here (such as waves which stem from war literature, or from what we might designate the fiction of sadomasochism). Post-war provincial Soviet life doubles, and alternates, with the Paris of la belle époque and an aspiration to revel in and revive a fin de siècle style of French

in Odoevsky’s four pathways into modern fiction
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Conclusion T he years between 1964 and 1970 are often considered as a period crucial in British post-war history, as a period when Britain faced the consequences of the loss of Empire and of increasing international economic competition. For the Labour governments under Harold Wilson, the challenges were immense: managing an economy beset by serious balance of payments problems, with all the implications this held for Britain’s world position; preserving Britain’s nuclear status, after intimating that it should be abandoned and, at the same time, preventing the

in Anglo-German relations during the Labour governments 1964–70
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brought about by the end of the command economy. In the area of nuclear safety, most of the Russian obligations we have reviewed in this chapter came into being in the post-Soviet period, and several of the problems met in the fisheries sector were encountered here too. In particular, bureaucratic 142 International environmental agreements in Russia controversies – notably between the ‘hard’ and ‘soft’ regulatory agencies at the federal level – have clearly hampered implementation. Moreover, foreign assistance has come to dominate the implementation of Russia

in Implementing international environmental agreements in Russia
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investigations that go beyond the author presented by Soviet scholars to satisfy the demands of the Soviet and post-Soviet literary markets and to be candid about the role that neurasthenia played in his life and works. Madness in the fin de siècle There is a long thematic tradition of madness and the mentally ill in Russian literature; in the works of Pushkin, Vladimir Odoevskii (1803–1869), Gogol’, Dostoevskii and many more. Andreev was a product of the evolution in cultural perceptions of madness during the Russian fin de siècle. As a representative sample, I will compare

in Degeneration, decadence and disease in the Russian fin de siècle
Capitalism, Communism and ‘planning for freedom’

’s ‘powerful attraction’, singling it out three years later as Christianity’s main opponent. 85 In general, the group claimed ‘elements’ or ‘aspects’ in Communism had a spiritual relevance. 86 Mannheim saw a personalist idea of ‘meeting’ in Marxist critiques of capitalist ‘reification’. 87 Oldham thought Marx was right that ‘life is essentially conflict’ and harmonious progress an ‘illusion’. 88 Soviet entry into the war seemed to promise that the post-war world would not be ‘an Anglo-Saxon settlement’ based solely on laissez-faire , opening the possibility for social

in This is your hour
The Porcupine

June 1990 when the Communist Party gave up its power following the breakdown of the Soviet bloc the previous year. The Bulgarian Socialist Party (BSP) won these first Assembly elections, though with only a small majority, but was brought down by a general strike in late 1990 and replaced by a  transitional coalition government. The Union of Democratic Forces (UDF) formed a government and later also held the presidency  when President Zhelev was elected for a five-year term in Bulgaria’s first popular presidential vote in 1992. His victory ended communist hopes of

in Julian Barnes

9 4 The civil war and the MH17 disaster The February 2014 regime change in Kiev placed state power in the hands of Ukrainian ultra-​nationalists and anti-​Russian billionaires intent on removing the country from the post-​Soviet orbit and reorienting it to the West. ‘The profound civic impetus for dignity and good governance at the heart of the Maidan revolution’, writes Richard Sakwa, ‘was hijacked by the radicals who followed the monist path to its logical conclusion while allowing oligarch power to be reconstituted’.1 The country’s inevitable break-​up was

in Flight MH17, Ukraine and the new Cold War
Transdniestria as a case study

of separatist regions and frozen conflicts. Abkhazia, Chechnya, Nagorno-Karabak, South Ossetia and Transdniestria – or Pridnestrovskaya Moldavskaya Respublika’ (PMR) – are typical examples. The case of Moldova and PMR illustrates this point in great detail. The existence of PMR appears an insurmountable blockage to the consolidation and democratisation of the post-Soviet Moldovan state

in The security dimensions of EU enlargement