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Clear All
Debbie Palmer

Lopes congratulated matron Harriet Hopkins for ‘the way she had met the difficulty caused by the serious depletion of the nursing staff’.75 Hopkins had been in post for twenty-eight years at the start of the war and was very experienced. Trained at Charing Cross Hospital, London, she had been a member of the general council of the British Nurses’ Association (BNA), and the executive c­ ommittee of the Matrons’ Council in the late nineteenth century.76 These ­organisations were committed to registration and education and, unsurprisingly, nurse training continued at the

in One hundred years of wartime nursing practices, 1854–1953
Open Access (free)
Teaching ‘relaxed living’ in post-war Britain
Ayesha Nathoo

the twentieth century that spanned diverse Western socio-political contexts. Yet a common explanatory framework made them therapeutically appealing to successive populations beset by ‘neurasthenia’, ‘exhaustion’, ‘nerves’ and ‘stress’. 4 Notions of balance featured predominantly in relaxation and stress discourse: therapeutic strategies were framed as a means to restore and retain bodily equilibrium, and provide a counterbalance to the mental and physical stresses of modern life. A relaxed individual would supposedly

in Balancing the self
Tommy Dickinson

substitutes for women’; they were also known ‘to dominate the group, obtain love, respect, and acknowledgement of prowess. He must lead, cannot be led, and finds it intolerable to be in a passive position of obeying.’ More than a third of the cases examined ‘had Fascist leanings and were facile exponents of power politics’. The report concluded that homosexuals ‘form a foreign body in the social macrocosm’ and vindicated the wartime policy of offenders being ‘quietly invalided out of service, with appropriate advice about medical treatments, unless they had to be brought up

in ‘Curing queers’
Abstract only
The moron as an atavistic subhuman
Gerald V. O’Brien

community spreading out its tentacles and thriving lustily after its own fashion’.54 In an interesting if highly patronizing animal metaphor, Leon Whitney, the Executive Secretary of the American Eugenics Society, said that generations ago the nation had kindly decided to ‘adopt’ its feeble-­minded citizens in much the same way as someone might take in a ‘cute little harmless’ stray bear 62 FRAMING THE MORON cub. Over time, however, the animal had grown into a menacing beast, and now it had actually begun attacking society.55 The animals that were primarily compared

in Framing the moron
Abstract only
Civilian nerves in the Second World War
Jill Kirby

adapted to the political and industrial climate of the day. 62 The wartime political and industrial climate in question undoubtedly framed it as whatever might improve worker morale, reduce absenteeism and increase production. As such, welfare took a myriad of forms. As the People in Production authors explained, ‘Everything to do with human interests of workers in the factory, including the treatment of their injuries, the feeding of them, any entertainments that may be provided, pension schemes, sports clubs, comes under the heading of Welfare.’ 63 However, they

in Feeling the strain
Lea M. Williams

suffrage activists, such as Mary Ware Dennett, Alison Turnbull Hopkins, and Marie Jenney Howe, were also members of the group and La Motte could also have been encouraged to attend meetings through the suffrage network. 63 While receiving the validation of the bohemians of Greenwich was undoubtedly satisfying, given La Motte’s family’s conservative political views coupled with the scrutiny the Masses faced when the government brought charges against it in 1917, her brief association with the magazine was undoubtedly unwanted

in Ellen N. La Motte
Elisha P. Renne

in cases. By the end of November 2008, Nigeria had 758 confirmed cases, the most cases of wild poliovirus in the world. 46 Yet political decisions made at the end of 2008 also contributed to a significant improvement of polio vaccination efforts in Nigeria the following year. In October 2008, Dr Muhammad Ali Pate, was appointed as the new NPHCDA executive director. Not only was Dr Pate an experienced

in The politics of vaccination
Open Access (free)
Vaccine policy and production in Japan
Julia Yongue

health authorities have dealt with outbreaks and prevention. The historical legacy From an early date, the state played the key role in the formation of Japan's distinct approach to dealing with the spread of infectious disease. In the 1630s, the Tokugawa government (1603–1868) officially closed the country to contact with the outside world for some 250 years. This was not simply a momentous political decision. By limiting

in The politics of vaccination
A national ethics committee and bioethics during the 1990s
Duncan Wilson

6 Consolidating the ‘ethics industry’: a national ethics committee and bioethics during the 1990s During the 1980s many of the individuals who were pivotal to the making of British bioethics sought to establish what the British Medical Journal identified as a ‘national bioethics committee’.1 Ian Kennedy, for one, regularly called for a politically funded committee based on the American President’s Commission, and his proposals were often endorsed by newspapers and other bioethicists. They were also endorsed by senior figures at the BMA, who believed a national

in The making of British bioethics
Ian Kennedy, oversight and accountability in the 1980s
Duncan Wilson

the United States, on Ivan Illich’s critique of professions and, perhaps most significantly, on the work of American bioethicists such as Paul Ramsey and Jay Katz. But while there was little new in Kennedy’s calls for external involvement, they were certainly more influential than earlier British proposals. This owed a great deal to the changing political climate in the 1980s. Kennedy’s arguments dovetailed with a central belief of the Conservative government that was elected in 1979, which believed that professions should be exposed to outside scrutiny in order to

in The making of British bioethics