also for the neighbours. This approach
reflects the interplay between interests (security) and values (good governance), which is a key theme of this book. However, continuing authoritarianism in Belarus, war in Ukraine, tensions with Russia, internal political
developments in Turkey and the migration crisis would suggest that these
strategies are failing. This chapter considers the strategies adopted by the
EU in relation to its Eastern neighbours and identifies common problems
and obstacles to the EU’s approach and how these limit EU-isation.
Germany in American post-war International Relations
), An Interrupted Past: German-Speaking Refugee Historians in the United States after 1933 ( Cambridge : Cambridge University Press , 1991 ), pp. 116 – 35 , at p. 117 .
7 For example, H. S. Hughes , The Sea Change: The Migration of Social Thought, 1930–1965 ( New York : Harper & Row , 1975 ); O. P. Pflanze, ‘The Americanization of Hajo Holborn’, in Lehmann and Sheehan (eds), An Interrupted Past , pp. 107–79; G. Steinmetz , ‘ Ideas in exile: refugees from Nazi Germany and the failure to transplant historical sociology into the United States
the Eurozone since the start of the financial
crisis from 2009 onwards. Third, the migration crisis, internal insecurity
and self-doubt within the EU have resulted in an internal and external
questioning of the value and validity of the EU project itself. In turn, this
has led to the emergence of other perceptions of Europe and European
futures rather than the inevitability of EU-isation. Identification with the
EU as ‘Europe’ and as the only source of regional economic, social or strategic security for neighbour states, is challenged and historic European
Moldova’s priorities. The EU
granted Moldova trade preferences: GSP+ (Generalised System of Preferences) in 2006 and then ATPs (Autonomous Trade Preferences) in 2008.
Relations between Moldova and the EU
An EU Common Visa Application Centre was established in Chişinău in
2007, while the following year the parties signed visa facilitation and readmission agreements and a Mobility Partnership facilitating legal migration
In 2006, together with the Western Balkans group, Moldova joined the
South East European Cooperation Process (SEECP). The PCRM was
such as foreign invasions, foreign trade, cultural
imperialism, British colonial rule and the Indian national movement. Migration
from the Indian subcontinent is discussed separately in Chapter 7. These
processes have forged links between Indian and other societies. In the age of
globalization these links are being emphasized by both the Indian government
and the media as well as the Indian diaspora.
Chapter 2 examines the democratization of Indian politics. The process of
constitutional development began in the nineteenth century and culminated in
the drafting and
politics of mourning – and, hence, international
One of the ‘places at risk’ owing to climate change
are the Pacific Atolls, where the radical transformations of climate
patterns have threatened the islands’ ‘unique biophysical systems
and species; … unique material cultures, social orders, diets,
stories, languages, habits, and skills’, causing migrations for the
“traditional” princes’ (1998: 103).
India in a globalized world
Globalization involves the interconnectedness of societies. This book has
noted the features of contemporary globalization but also argued that earlier
phases of globalization were equally significant and instrumental in bringing
about a ‘global world’. Earlier phases were associated with foreign invasions,
trade, imperialism and missionary activity that took place many centuries ago.
Later European colonialism, the emergence of a global economy and India’s
integration into it, and migration from South
Refugees in the Austrian part of the Habsburg Empire during the First World War
First World War’, in Matthew Stibbe
(ed.), Captivity, Forced Labour and Forced Migration in Europe During the First
World War (London: Routledge, 2009), pp. 82–110 (here p. 85).
6 Matthew Stibbe, ‘Enemy aliens, deportees, refugees: internment practices in
v 151 v
the Habsburg Empire, 1914–1918’, Journal of Modern European History, 12,
no. 4 (2014), 479–99.
7 Niederösterreichisches Landesarchiv, St. Pölten (NÖLA, State Archives of
Lower Austria, St. Pölten), Präsidialaktenbestand (Pr), Pr2701PXIIa1916 and
8 Matthew Stibbe, ‘Civilian
Population movements during Greece’s ‘decade of war’, 1912–22
Empire and the
conceptual connotations of the terms used, see Martin Baldwin-Edwards, Riki
van Boeschoten and Hans Vermeulen, ‘Introduction’, in Baldwin-Edwards et
al. (eds), Migration in the Southern Balkans (Berlin: Springer Open, 2015),
20 Even attitudes towards the uprisings differed according to ethnic, cultural
and religious characteristics of the community that eventually comprised
the Greek nation. These differences were later effaced. See Christine Philliou,
‘Breaking the Tetrarchia and saving the Kaymakam: to be an ambitious
Ottoman Christian in
This is mostly evident in the case of the EU–China strategic partnership
acting as the broad institutional framework for a dialogue on security and
defence policy, a dialogue on development, a political dialogue on nonproliferation and disarmament, a human rights dialogue, a high-level dialogue on migration and mobility, the sustainable development task force, a
dialogue on energy and the climate change partnership (ESPO, undated).
All these sectoral dialogues associate with freedom from fear and freedom
from want. The institutional framework may show