Similarly, Renaissance Self-Fashioning , the book in which Greenblatt developed this concept further, begins with an introduction that derives the book’s title from the context (and the frequency) of the word ‘fashion’ in the works of Edmund Spenser, and Greenblatt’s examples of self-fashioning figures also consist of poets and playwrights, whom he substantially views through their fictional writings. Even when writing about Sir Thomas More – who, as a political and religious (as well as a literary) figure, arguably embodied several areas of self-fashioning – Greenblatt
restrictions it imposed on Anglicans, is closely linked to his idea of personal faith. 40 This idea can of course be found in The Compleat Angler ’s presentation of angling as a contemplative art and a form of private worship, epitomised in its motto from 1 Thessalonians: ‘Study to be quiet, and to do your own business’. The passage that best summarises Walton’s idea of the private life, however, can be found in a relatively unknown pamphlet called Love and Truth , published anonymously in 1680. 41 Love and Truth , the most political of Walton’s writings, consists of
of politics, Shakespeare’s 5.6
has an elusive, almost existential quality. ‘Who’s
there?’ is the question of identity which haunts
both Faulconbridge and Prince Hamlet. Shakespeare, commencing work
on the revision that became Hamlet Q2, remembered his
memorial for Henry Carey in King John. The common question
tying the two protagonists is legitimacy and the right to
– contrary to what the invocations to Mars are trying to imply, Sidney only spent a relatively short period of his life as a soldier – it corresponds to the prominent military imagery of Lant’s Roll.
Minerva, on the other hand, is used by the commemorative poems to call to mind Sidney’s life as a significant political figure. This too may not fully correspond to Sidney’s importance at the English court (though Alan Stewart has made a strong case for Sidney as a key figure at other European courts), but once again it corresponds perfectly to the
(esp. pp. 120 – 1 ); Lawrence F. Rhu , ‘ Romancing Eliza: The Political Decorum of Ariostan Imitation in The Faerie Queene ’, Renaissance Papers ( 1993 ), 31 – 9 ; Peter DeSa Wiggens , ‘ Spenser’s Use of Ariosto: Imitation and Allusion in Book I of The Faerie Queene ’, RQ , 44 ( 1991 ), 257 – 79 .
5 For critical recognition of Spenser’s affinity to Ariosto, see n. 16 below.
6 Such irony is well recognised in the Amoretti ; see Louis L. Martz , ‘ The Amoretti : “Most Goodly Temperature” ’, in Form and Convention in the Poetry of Edmund
this great divide – which incidentally also separates Shakespeare’s comedies and ‘problem plays’ from the tragedies, or Jonson’s comic drama from his masques and poems – reinforces a narrative of rupture and disconnection as the primal scene for the emergence of a modern literary voice concerned with questions of subjectivity, political and religious self-determination, philosophical scepticism and self-conscious irony. It is no accident, of course, that this historical narrative is replicated in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries: where T.S. Eliot identified a
’s monarchial yoke. Within the Roman tradition,
Ovid’s Amores and Lucan’s Civil War were
definitive testaments to erotic and political freedom.’
Riggs, The World , 187.
Hattaway, As You Like It , 1.
write a Robin Hood play for performance at court and ends up playing the part of Friar Tuck himself. Unfortunately, Skelton’s performance in the Robin Hood play is hampered by the fact that he is not an actor but a poet, so he frequently ‘forgets himself’ and slips out of character and into Skeltonics.
3 This particularly applies to the play Sir Thomas More , which presents the tensions between More’s political office and his ‘poetic’ nature as the central conflict of his life.
4 For a detailed account of the
This is the edition of John Hall’s medical casebook itself. This is the first complete English translation of the medical casebook of John Hall, Shakespeare’s son-in-law. Greg Wells has produced a groundbreaking new study which significantly refocuses our attention on Hall’s scholarship, as well as his compassion. Hall’s community of patients, their illnesses and his treatments are all authoritatively represented. But so too is Hall’s own library. In looking again at Hall’s Latin manuscript, Wells has been able to identify Hall’s many borrowings from other medical textbooks, thereby offering a unique insight into the intellectual climate of early seventeenth-century Stratford-upon-Avon.
-inspired series of pastoral romances in prose (as usual, interspersed with verse) by Nicholas de Montreux known as the Bergeries de Juliette , of which an English version appeared in 1610, without acknowledgement of the author. 11 The same author, working in a different, though closely related medium, is my subject here. Montreux, whose anagrammatic nom de plume was Ollenix du Mont-Sacré, was an enormously prolific, and politically engaged, man of letters (and priest), who, through most of the 1590s, served as cultural factotum to the Governor of Brittany, the Duke of