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During the English Civil Wars political parties, groupings and individuals had tended to legitimise their conduct by referring to providence and salus populi . Parliamentarians had been entitled to oppose a lawful king because providence and scipture told them to do so. 1 Cromwell and the army had intervened in politics as they reputed themselves as ‘instruments of

in Order and conflict

In his Preface to the Discourse , Ascham advised his readers that his argument in support of Parliament’s rule differed from the terms of the political debate of the early stages of the Civil Wars. By casting aside the preceding disputes over the prerogatives of king and Parliament, or the lawfulness of ruling titles, Ascham spoke to the subjects’ consciences, and

in Order and conflict
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Through the eyes of field teams’ members

1990s. The year 2014 marked the twentieth anniversary of the genocide of the Rwandan Tutsis. The political and moral shockwaves engendered by the extermination of this people acted as a catalyst for major changes to the way the international community reacted to situations of extreme crisis. A particularly tragic demonstration, the events in Rwanda served to expose the inability of

in Humanitarian aid, genocide and mass killings
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Calculating compassion in war

and freedom (though this did not preclude their endeavours from serving military imperatives, however unintentional). The emergence of organised relief work intersected with attempts at the rationalisation of philanthropy and social investigation at home, with anxieties over military capacity and with the rise of a crusading ‘new’ journalism. It also contributed to wide-ranging political

in Calculating compassion

,000 refugees in Benaco. Why this mistrust of official population numbers that the UN agency used to calculate aid requirements? MSF’s real issue was in fact political rather than technical. Should the organisation accept estimates that had not been drawn up by UNHCR, but by Rwandan mayors who had participated in the genocide? MSF developed its own means so as not to have to and put Benaco’s population at

in Humanitarian aid, genocide and mass killings
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De facto theorist or ‘commonwealthsman’?

sovereignty. The people were the source of the magistrates’ authority, and these were entitled to impose new forms of government consistently with their mandate. A new kind of ideological discourse in support of the republican government, inspired by the traditions of Greek and Roman ‘classical’ republicanism and by Renaissance civic humanism, would enter the political debate with the publication of

in Order and conflict
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The end of the transatlantic era? In the eyes of political commentators the Atlantic Community is crumbling. With the election of a US president who, it appears, no longer feels committed to international cooperation – including the role of the United States in NATO – certain assumptions about transatlantic relationships are being called into question. In Europe, too, populist nationalism(s) further fracture(s) the union. Great Britain, in particular, is struggling to reposition itself along European, Atlantic, and

in The TransAtlantic reconsidered
Transatlantic debates about the Nazi past

Prussian militarism as the root-cause of the ‘German catastrophe’ that made it deviate from Western development. Similarly, the part-Jewish archivist Ludwig Dehio asserted that the continuity of hegemonic striving which led from William II to Hitler was responsible for unleashing both world wars. 6 These attempts at critical reflection during the post-war period reveal a lively debate among German historians and intellectuals about the reasons for the Third Reich, but they remained largely within the confines of a ‘politically and morally tamed historicism’. At best

in The TransAtlantic reconsidered
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Humanity and relief in war and peace

’s political participation. 15 In retrospect, she also made a similar claim for her work in the South African War, something she had not pressed at the time. These examples of voluntary work at home and in the colonies provided a model of women’s active citizenship now that the vote had been secured. Indeed, as this book has repeatedly shown, relief work was a prominent arena for promoting national

in Calculating compassion

individual’s pursuit of God’s truth against clerical or state restrictions, his pursuit of the common good through the achievement of political and religious unity influenced the works both of the ‘commonwealthsmen’ Milton, Henry Neville, Henry Vane, Algernon Sidney, as well as of Anglican-royalist reformers like Chillingworth and Hammond. The revival of Platonism in

in Order and conflict