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America, Europe, and the crises of the 1970s
Ariane Leendertz

In the twenty-first century, transatlantic relations no longer enjoy the prominence they had in both the foreign policies of the United States and of many Western European countries, as well as in the history of international relations during the second half of the twentieth century. Yet, transatlantic relations remain a focus of study by historians and political scientists, as America and the European Union still are, economically and politically (and, in the American case, militarily), two of the most powerful actors in international

in The TransAtlantic reconsidered
"On the political passions in Europe and America and their implications for Transatlantic History"
Charles S. Maier

help historians to take account of the issues set by global frameworks. To understand why, it makes sense to understand the ideological context within which transatlantic history developed. The field matured within the Atlantic political order advanced by the United States since its return to intervention in world affairs in the Second World War. And not only did the field develop within that political context; its premises built upon that context. Precisely the tremors of that geopolitical framework today reveal how implicitly connected were

in The TransAtlantic reconsidered
Marco Barducci

to the relation between obedience and protection by combining arguments drawn from Grotius’s jus belli and natural law theory (that appealed to the Independents), with a vision of God-derived and fatherly authority drawn from Romans 13 and Filmer’s political patriarchalism (that appealed to the Presbyterians). This chapter will focus on the latter two issues separately. ROMANS 13

in Order and conflict
Private organizations and governmentality
Giles Scott- Smith

There is no doubt that a particular transatlantic era is now drawing to a close. Levels of trade and investment are greater than any other inter-regional economic space, and NATO continues to function as a unique common security organization. Yet the conditions that led to the transatlantic era’s dominance in global affairs are fading out. Other areas of the world – the Asia-Pacific, Latin America – are taking on greater significance, politically, economically, financially, and in terms of global governance. US–European relations are being

in The TransAtlantic reconsidered
Marco Barducci

their rights, and deprived us of the comfort of their Governments’. 5 In cases of extreme necessity, the God-given natural law of self-preservation led men to political obedience despite opposite arguments grounded on juridical legitimacy or precedents, and ‘Princes cannot by their commands change the nature of human condition … obliging us to morall impossibilities’. Such an

in Order and conflict
Rebecca Gill

distant suffering and efforts at its amelioration had implications both for the domestic aspirations of British agitators and for those for whom urgent relief and intervention was advocated (though not necessarily in ways anticipated by British sympathisers). This chapter focuses on how the politics of humanity and relief reverberated in ‘progressive’ circles in Britain, including

in Calculating compassion
Giuliana Chamedes

The post-war ideological construct of the Atlantic order rested on two distinct visions for the post-war world. These visions were characterized by radically different genealogies and long-term aims; indeed, their only point of convergence was in a minimalist consensus on the imperative of greater transatlantic cooperation. The first vision – born and bred by liberal-democratic American and British intellectuals – called upon the United States to strengthen its political and economic ties with Europe so as to protect the shared democratic

in The TransAtlantic reconsidered
Marco Barducci

individuals might not be worthy of the throne. This point was reminiscent of the position of the political group of the Independents, who before 1649 were seeking to restrain Charles I’s prerogatives in order to end the Civil War, and to reach an agreement with Presbyterians on this ground. Ascham also made clear his aversion to the political and social implications of radical and ‘democratic’ theories

in Order and conflict
Abstract only
The effectiveness of aid in the face of repeated mass atrocities
Jean-Hervé Bradol and Marc Le Pape

all the health crises occurring in Rwanda and its four neighbouring countries. Our reviews have focused primarily on activities implemented between 1990 and 1997, a period during which political violence was the main cause of mortality among Rwandan people. From April 1994, MSF’s teams were not only confronted with the indirect consequences of the war, such as food shortages and epidemics triggered by

in Humanitarian aid, genocide and mass killings
Abstract only
Marco Barducci

During the English Civil Wars political parties, groupings and individuals had tended to legitimise their conduct by referring to providence and salus populi . Parliamentarians had been entitled to oppose a lawful king because providence and scipture told them to do so. 1 Cromwell and the army had intervened in politics as they reputed themselves as ‘instruments of

in Order and conflict