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6 Fatherhood and the European Union Introduction This chapter sets the EU social politics of fatherhood in the context of the ‘two worlds’ of fatherhood model. The chapter highlights the prevailing influence of the ‘Swedish system’ on the shaping of the EU Parental Leave Directives (Fusilier, 2009:252). In addition, the chapter illustrates that the EU promotion of a dual-earner model of parenting has combined with the influence of epistemic feminism to undermine outdated ways of thinking about fathers as malebreadwinners or ‘economic providers-in-chief ’ (O

in Between two worlds of father politics
Two firsts and the greatest?

The politics of freedom of information Underneath this is a more nuanced story of partisanship, political compromise and deft manoeuvre as the symbolic force met institutional resistance (Kennedy 1978; Schudson 2013a). The 1966 FOI Act (FOIA) was ‘conceived in partisan planning, went through its gestation period immersed in public relations and saw the light of day … because of a political deal’ (Archibald 1993, 726). The Bill was pushed in the challenging context of Cold War secrecy and was also shaped by the process (Schudson 2013a): ‘it was the result of the

in The politics of freedom of information

narrow, partisan level, FOI was an opportunistic policy that served to embarrass the secretive and ‘sleaze’-ridden Conservative government. It also chimed, after the experience of Thatcherism, with a current of Labour Party thought on breaking up power, and locked into a wide-ranging programme of constitutional reforms aimed at redesigning politics. More than this, the idea itself had obtained a powerful magnetic force. It was bound up with Labour’s sense of self and appealed as a policy that symbolised Labour’s radicalism and its new approach towards government and

in The politics of freedom of information
A symbolic victory?

’ trap and overt conflict so frequently seen elsewhere. A small, well-connected group of crusaders inside government took advantage of their own power and used a favourable context to neutralise opposition, with a rapid process lending momentum to a f­ar-reaching policy. Their efforts resulted in a hugely symbolic White Paper, rapidly formulated, that offered one of the most radical FOI regimes yet seen in the world. The vision was of a political redistribution of power opening up even the very centre of government decision-making (Terrill 2000). Its radicalism was

in The politics of freedom of information

ways of thinking about fatherhood. In addition, the previous chapters illustrated that the mid-1970s represented a turning point in the social politics of fatherhood. The mid-1970s turning point in the social politics of fatherhood led to divergent ways of thinking about fatherhood, as welfare regimes responded to:  a decline of patriarchy (Therborn, 2004); a decline of male-breadwinning (Sommestad, 1998); a decline of the Parsonian gender contract (Herlth, 2002:314); and an ‘increasing diversity in the structure of families responsible for raising children

in Between two worlds of father politics
Executive versus legislative power

FAD7 10/17/2002 6:01 PM Page 122 7 Federalism and political asymmetry: executive versus legislative power As we have noted, political institutions are of crucial importance during transitions to democracy, and for Mainwaring, among all the choices of institutions ‘none is more important than the system of government: presidential, semipresidential, parliamentary or some hybrid’.1 There is now a general consensus in the literature that parliamentary systems are more stable than presidential ones and that it is much easier to consolidate democracy in

in Federalism and democratisation in Russia

5 The politics of irrelevance I discussed in the previous chapter how senior Party strategists used the In Touch leaflet to invoke a set of connections as they sought to embed (local) Tory candidates in a wider network of (local) social relations. Ironically, however, by seeking to render so explicitly the connections between local Tories and a wider community, this leaflet betrayed an anxiety grounded in a very unsettling assumption for Party activists: that local people considered the Scottish Conservatives irrelevant in the aftermath of devolution and were

in Devolution and the Scottish Conservatives

2 What dumpstered soup tells us about violence, charity, and politics They don’t want to feed the hungry, they just want to make an anarchist type statement and we aren’t going to allow it. (Former San Francisco Police Captain Dennis Martel) They feel they can manipulate the homeless issue to set the stage for some kind of radical new order. (Former San Francisco mayor Art Agnos) “I love the smell of a full dumpster” is a phrase I hope no one has ever said. For those people who have never gone dumpstering, I can honestly tell you, the smell can be alarming. At

in Cooking up a revolution
Emergence of the Corrib gas conflict

1 Politics and pipelines: emergence of the Corrib gas conflict It’s been a horribly difficult, desperate … damaging sort of project for the whole community up there. For people from both sides and there’s all sorts of perspectives up there, all sorts of different views. (Thomas,1 former Minister for Communications, Energy and Natural Resources) Ah sure Corrib is a disaster … for everybody … the people involved on all sides. It’s no good for anybody the way it’s been dealt with badly. (Andrew, supports the Corrib gas project) The one thing on which supporters

in Gas, oil and the Irish state
The case of mitochondrial transfer

5 Freedom, law, politics, genes: the case of mitochondrial transfer Iain Brassington In early 2015, the UK became the first country to make explicit legal provision for the use of mitochondrial transfer techniques leading to a live human birth. Mitochondrial transfer offers a means to prevent mitochondrial illnesses being passed from a mother to her children, as they would be inevitably without the process. Two methods are possible: maternal spindle transfer, and pronuclear transfer. In both, nuclear material is removed from a cell that has faulty mitochondria

in The freedom of scientific research