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, and where families could gather and be briefed by the police on what would take place. Next door was the viewing room, which had been carefully prepared in a short time with flowers and appropriate furniture to be as respectful and supportive as possible. Depending on the religious denomination of the family, religious artefacts were assembled in the room for each identification. Some families had

in Conflict, peace and mental health
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Quiet diplomacy, SALT II and the invasion of Afghanistan, 1979–1980

first time since the end of the Second World War, Soviet authorities were assuming a more conciliatory attitude towards Jewish culture. After decades of assimilation and denial of Soviet Jews’ identity, the Kremlin had now authorized the reopening of a few Jewish theatres and was not obstructing the circulation of religious books. The Jewish minority remained one of the most discriminated against, the NCSJ concluded, but the Soviet authorities’ attitude now seemed more tolerant. 35 Other NGOs favoured Carter’s shift to quiet diplomacy because they had traditionally

in A precarious equilibrium
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. Opposition to the Unionists’ 1902 Education Act and the campaigns for Welsh disestablishment and Irish home rule galvanised radical Nonconformity in Edwardian Britain. Around two hundred churchmen sat on the Liberal benches in the 1906 parliament.47 Nonetheless, many of the issues which had rallied the Nonconformist conscience carried little weight in politics after the First World War. Irish home rule and Welsh disestablishment were enacted in 1921, and religious issues ceased to have their former influence on policies towards schooling following the 1918 Education Act

in Conservatism for the democratic age

key features should be noted. As a start, the University of Wales’ Dictionary of the Welsh Language (2006: 3608) defines hwyl thus: 1. sail (of ship, windmill), also fig.; sheet, covering, pall. 2. journey, progress, revolution …; rush, assault, attack. 3. a healthy physical or mental condition, good form, one’s right senses, wits; tune (of a musical instrument); temper, mood, frame of mind; nature, disposition; degree of success achieved in the execution of a particular task; fervour (esp. religious), ecstacy, unction, gusto, zest; characteristic musical intonation

in Labour orators from Bevan to Miliband
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A short history

missionaries and missionary correspondence disseminated narratives about Africa to the growing congregations of Britain’s churches: relaying progress in the Sisyphean and global task of making the world in God’s (or the British) image. Herein, the connection between British involvement with Africa and Africans, already established by abolitionism, was reinforced: the white man’s burden was to wrest Africans from ignorance through the word of God, but also through the habits and customs of ‘civilisation’. Thus, missionaries would provide education on how to cook, dress, sew

in The African presence
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These Englands – a conversation on national identity

diminished in an era of globalisation but mean as much as ever. In England, though, ‘we have celebrated these ties with nothing as vulgar as a clear theory’. Instead, Willets argued, the English tend to offer ‘lists of associations’. The first list which he cited was taken from Vita Sackville-West’s novel The Edwardians (1930), where she imagines what thoughts are going on in the heads of the congregation at the coronation of

in These Englands
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ideology be abandoned so readily? Could not our time – more so than perhaps previous times – be characterised as the ‘age of ideologies’? We seem to be beset today by a proliferation of all sorts of neoconservative and religious fundamentalist ideologies that have uncannily returned from the past, particularly in the wake of September 11. The ‘end of ideologies’ and the triumph of liberal democracy, which was so loudly trumpeted by Fukuyama and others, now seems an almost laughable proposition. We live in a strange new ideological universe, in which God has made a

in Unstable universalities

, Schmitt argued that sovereignty was alien to the laws of ‘positive jurisprudence’, going on to claim that the sovereign’s decision-making capacity emanated ‘from nothingness’ (2005: 32) and is ‘analogous to the miracle in theology’ (36). Although Schmitt preferred a legal model based on a sovereign personality, in keeping with his own devout religious beliefs, he argued that modern, democratic accounts of sovereignty still had no account for this miraculous moment that nevertheless seemed to haunt it. As far as he was concerned, the modern claim that the constitutional

in Sovereignty and superheroes

agreed wholeheartedly with the League’s analysis. For it too, any conflict between Jews and non-Jews was a false dichotomy, and the party accepted a belief widely held on the left that capitalism deliberately fostered prejudice and discrimination. Despite its differences with the CPGB and communism, the ILP believed that the Soviet Union was free from racial and religious strife, declaring that ‘the problem is fundamentally an economic one … in a non-competitive society, anti-Semitism withers away.’74 John McNair equated the BUF’s campaign with the pogroms of an ailing

in Fighting fascism