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German political thriller in which the Stasi agents were the heroes. The same year, ‘Bettina’ joined the Stasi. The person would remain known under this cover name as the 39 million index cards in the archive of the former Stasi in Berlin do not reveal the person’s identity, just a registration number: XV/92/67. ‘Bettina’ was active in the Bonn area, the former capital of the former West Germany. What is known is that ‘Bettina’ was a member of a Stasi unit that targeted ministries including the department of telecommunications of the West German army, the Bundeswehr

in East German intelligence and Ireland, 1949–90
Open Access (free)

?,” German Politics 5, no. 3 (ecember 1996), pp. 505–506. 3 Ibid., pp. 506–507 and Galonska, Landesparteiensysteme, pp. 48–49. 4 Broughton and Bentley, “The 1996 Länder Elections,” pp. 508–509. 5 Das Parlament, no. 15 (6 April 2001), p. 4 and Oscar W. Gabriel, “Die badenwürttembergische Landtagswahl vom 25. März 2001,” Zeitschrift für Parlamentsfragen 33, no. 1 (March 2002), pp. 10–26. 6 Galonska, Landerparteiensysteme, pp. 49–50. 7 Thomas Renz and Günter Rieger, “Die bayerische Landtagswahl vom 13. September 1998,” Zeitschrift für Parlamentsfragen 30, no. 1 (February 1999

in The Länder and German federalism

subject be overcome without an abandonment of reason. The appearance of TCA and PDM coincided with a rightward shift in German politics, the election of Helmut Kohl in 1982 inaugurating sixteen years of Christian Democratic government. As previously, it was in Habermas’s journalism that theoretical concerns were made relevant to contemporary affairs. ‘Conservative politics, work, socialism and Utopia today’ (Habermas, 1986d), an article from 1984, continued to chart the fortunes of the welfare state. Yet along with the rise of the New Right, Habermas argued that this

in Habermas and European Integration (second edition)
Anja Dalgaard-Nielsen

7 The Bundeswehr’s projection capability Introduction The 1990s saw a widening gap between the new German political willingness to deploy military might out-of-area, on the one hand, and German force planning, on the other. Though ever-greater numbers of troops were dispatched to ever more distant theatres, Germany’s security policy elite remained committed to force structures tailored for defensive territorial defence. With increasing difficulty the gap was straddled by German troops on the ground in Africa, the Balkans, and Afghanistan. The year 2000 saw the

in Germany, pacifism and peace enforcement
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A history of immigration to modern Britain and Germany: national and local perspectives

Change in Europe and North America (Cambridge, 1992), pp. 36–54. See Simon Green, ‘Divergent traditions, converging responses: Immigration and integration policy in the UK and Germany’, German Politics, 16:1 (2007), p. 98. Under the rotation system, guest-workers were initially granted a one-year work permit, which could then be renewed. However, rotation was not strictly enforced, and many guest-workers and their families became long-term residents. 3940 Foreigners, minorities and integration:Layout 1 4 22/4/13 10:18 Page 4 Foreigners, minorities and integration

in Foreigners, minorities and integration
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Debating Cold War anxieties in West Germany, 1945–90

left-wing Social Democratic Party (SPD) perceived the ‘atomic age’ as positive, as a future characterised by a limitless supply of cheap electric energy.13 The prospect of nuclear destruction became a hotly contested topic in West German politics only in the wake of German rearmament. Public debate on this issue had started in 1950, and until the founding of the Bundeswehr rebuilt German armed forces within the framework of NATO in 1955. A crucial prerequisite of Germany’s return to (still limited) sovereignty, and its rearmament, was Chancellor Konrad Adenauer

in Understanding the imaginary war

expresses love for the Bavarian Heimat and the need to preserve and defend it in much the same way as nationalists prioritise the nation . . . the ideology of the CSU is nothing other than a nationalist one’ (Sutherland 2001a: 12). At the same time, the CSU’s federalist orientation is central to its success. The party has 3446 Using Europe 16/4/10 12:12 Page 100 100 USING EUROPE been able to provide a bridge to German politics through its electoral partnership with the Christian Democratic Union, which allows the CSU to contest federal elections and form governing

in Using Europe
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Rethinking the politics of perpetrator history

religiosity, that it was in the words of Franz von Papen a ‘faith rooted in politics’ rather than a ‘politics rooted in faith’.85 It was also common during the Nazi era to read, especially outside Germany, that Nazism and Soviet communism were religious movements which threatened to usurp Christianity itself.86 Eric Voegelin, the German political philosopher who fled the Third Reich for the USA, was ‘one of the first to recognise the historical significance of this phenomenon’ in his 1939 treatise Die Politischen Religionen.87 Although in the post-war period it was central

in Debates on the Holocaust

4 Refugees and political parties, 1945–50 Introduction Historians and political scientists have so far devoted little attention to the refugees’ impact on political life in the Western Occupation Zones of Germany. This is surprising since the newcomers undoubtedly represented an important factor in post-war West German politics simply by dint of their numerical strength. They made up some 16 per cent of the West German electorate at the first Bundestag Election held in August 1949, while in Schleswig-Holstein, the state most severely affected by the refugee

in Refugees and expellees in post-war Germany
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British supporters of the refugees

Pritt’s Parliamentary Question of 8 May 1945 on the decision not to transfer Bush to the Army Education Corps (Hansard, 5th Series, Parliamentary Debates, HC, vol. 410, col. 1864). 21 Draft MI5 minute for HO, 25 September 1939, TNA, KV2/1010/19a (file on John Heartfield). 22 Reports dating between April and June 1941, in TNA, KV2/3515. 23 See Charmian Brinson, The Strange Case of Dora Fabian and Mathilde Wurm: A Study of German Political Exiles in London during the 1930’s, Berne: Lang 1997, pp. 295ff. and passim. 24 Cross-reference on ‘Brockway, A. Fenner’, 21 June

in A matter of intelligence