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Boim versus the Holy Land Foundation
Jonathan Benthall

This chapter follows broadly the conventions of a legal journal, since it was first published in the UCLA Journal of Near Eastern and Islamic Law in 2010–11. It argues that the US legal system could do more to demonstrate its fairness with regard to Islamic charities. To complement my argument, let us assume that the Palestinian zakat committees

in Islamic charities and Islamic humanism in troubled times
Khaled Abou El Fadl

My lecture will focus on the interface and tensions between the human rights tradition and the Islamic tradition, particularly Islamic law. What is the ‘Islamic tradition’ and, more particularly, the Islamic legal tradition? Islamic law stands in a paradoxical position vis-à-vis the human rights tradition. Western scholars have argued that the roots of the human rights tradition are to be found in Judaeo-Christian Natural Law, and more specifically, in the Natural Rights tradition. 1 In my view, after post-Enlightenment Christian thought, the Islamic

in ‘War on terror’
Christian Suhr

W HAT is it like to be a Muslim who is possessed by a jinn spirit? How do you find refuge from madness and evil spirits when you live in a place like Denmark? In this book I analyse some of the ways in which Muslims in the West have sought to protect themselves. During fieldwork conducted over several years, I followed Muslim patients while they were being treated in a Danish mosque and in a psychiatric hospital. Some of the Muslims I worked with found healing in psychotropic therapy, but many turned to Islam to find protection from the

in Descending with angels
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Ali Riaz

two events riveted the British-Bangladeshi community; beginning as local issues in London, both captured national and international media attention within a short span of time. These two apparently unrelated events revealed a disturbing trend within a small minority community who otherwise receive little attention and have been on the margin of British society for decades. Barring a few exceptions British-Bangladeshis remained invisible in the mainstream MUP_Riaz_IslamIdentity_Revised.indd 1 21/02/2013 16:30 2 islam and identity among british-bangladeshis media

in Islam and identity politics among British-Bangladeshis
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Spirituality, affect and women
Nadia Kiwan

85 3 Leïla Babès: spirituality, affect and women Leïla Babès, who was born in Guelma, Algeria is Professor of Sociology of Religions at the Université Catholique de Lille and is well known for her consistent foregrounding of a spiritual rather than legalistic approach to Islamic belief and practice. Her ideas about lived Islam –​which she observes through ethnographic research –​in addition to her concern for women’s equality within Islam are key features of her work (Babès 2000; Babès and Oubrou 2002). Babès is interested in what she calls ‘une

in Secularism, Islam and public intellectuals in contemporary France
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Enlightenment Islam
Nadia Kiwan

52 2 Malek Chebel: Enlightenment Islam Malek Chebel is a French-​Algerian anthropologist, psychoanalyst and historian who has been based in France since the late 1970s. Chebel can be described as a public intellectual, who, in addition to his presence in the French media, has published widely (about forty-​one books) on Islam in general and, more specifically, on the subject he refers to as l’islam des Lumières (Enlightenment Islam). Chebel was born in Skikda, Algeria in 1953 and came to France in 1977 to pursue a PhD in clinical psychopathology and

in Secularism, Islam and public intellectuals in contemporary France
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Existentialist Islam as intercultural translation
Nadia Kiwan

129 5 Abdennour Bidar: existentialist Islam as intercultural translation Abdennour Bidar is a French philosopher, a member of L’Observatoire de la laïcité and chargé de mission sur la laïcité for the Ministère de l’Éducation nationale. He also recently directed a working group tasked by the government to establish une pédagogie de la laïcité (Bidar and HCI 2013). Through his publications, scholarly articles and radio programmes on Radio France Inter and Radio France Culture (France Islam: questions croisées, Cause commune, tu m’intéresses and, since Abdelwahab

in Secularism, Islam and public intellectuals in contemporary France
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Nadia Kiwan

1 Introduction Challenging the narrative of French Islam as ‘controversy’ Islam in France is generally regarded as a political ‘issue’. Indeed, most of the scholarly and public debates about Islam in contemporary France over the last thirty years have concentrated on the supposedly ‘antagonistic’ relationship between France, Islam and its Muslims, with a tendency to focus either on the headscarf or on the growth of radical Islamist ideologies since the late 1980s. Whilst the headscarf debates have centred on Muslim women, the debates about Islamist violence

in Secularism, Islam and public intellectuals in contemporary France
A veiled threat
Thomas J. Butko

I N THE MIDDLE East, security is strongly influenced by politicized forms of fundamental belief systems. This chapter examines the dual role of political Islam, with specific focus on Palestine and the case of Hamas , the Islamic Resistance Movement, in the West Bank and Gaza. In this context, political Islam represents a general rejection of the Arab

in Redefining security in the Middle East
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Post-foundational Islam
Nadia Kiwan

20 1 Abdelwahab Meddeb: post-​foundational Islam This chapter examines the published works of Abdelwahab Meddeb.1 Of specific significance is Meddeb’s foregrounding of a language of Islamic secularism, which I  argue can be interpreted as an attempt to transform perceptions of Islam and thus to intervene into the symbolic power relations between the Republican state and France’s Muslim citizens. This chapter also poses questions about the consequences of deploying certain forms of discursive agency for secular Muslim intellectuals. What are the outcomes of

in Secularism, Islam and public intellectuals in contemporary France