Search results

Abstract only
Flagships of imperialism
Freda Harcourt

&O. The company’s ambitions were to occupy the main trunk routes to the East, from the Iberian Peninsula through the Mediterranean, to India, China and, ultimately, to the Antipodes. Its strategy was, first, to occupy a line, ideally only where a government contract was available, and, second, to aim for monopoly. Since government contracts, where obtainable, led naturally to monopoly, these two aims went hand in

in Flagships of imperialism
Dynastic policy and colonial expansion in revenge tragedy
Clara Calvo

differentiated nations with an individualised national identity. 12 In spite of religious and racial differences, the Mediterranean in early modern Europe was, through trade and war, a theatre of contact and exchange. 13 Mediterranean countries shared a common cultural space that fostered familiarity and downplayed cultural alterity, at least amongst Christian states, but also, occasionally if the arts or commerce were involved, with the

in Doing Kyd
Abstract only
Steven Hutchinson

of ‘us’ and one of ‘them’. This profoundly frontier character straddles cultures, religions, languages and Mediterranean shores. His past as a Morisco and his present as a Barbary corsair are only comprehensible as expressions of a consciousness of traversable frontiers that separate and unite the Mediterranean of that time. He’s one example, fictional but in some ways emblematic, of hundreds of thousands of ‘Andalusians’ who emigrated from Spain to Muslim lands from at least the thirteenth to the seventeenth century. As prominent studies by, among others, Míkel

in Frontier narratives
Normative power or realist interests?
Gordon Crawford

Euro-­Mediterranean Partnership (EMP) and later the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) Agreements and Union for the Mediterranean for North Africa, although the JAES is intended to complement rather than replace these Agreements. Secondly, the JAES has the stated aim of establishing a ‘strategic relationship’ between the EU and Africa, intended to enhance intercontinental dialogue and co-­ operation and ostensibly based on the principles of equality, partnership and African ownership. Such language is very much in line with the notion of the EU as a ‘normative power

in The European Union in Africa
Representations of Marseille
Joseph McGonagle

over one hundred underscores the ethnic diversity of Marseille’s population. It scarcely seems surprising, therefore, that Marseille continues to be portrayed as a Mediterranean melting-pot within France. It is often constructed as a uniquely hybrid and harmonious space too (Weill 2003: 6) and a common cliché allied to this image is the recurrent anecdote that, whenever asked where their affiliations lie, the city’s dwellers reply: ‘A Marseille, on est d’abord marseillais’ (Croissandeau 2001: 14) (In Marseille, we’re Marseillais first). Or even, to cite the lyrics of

in Representing ethnicity in contemporary French visual culture
Anne Ring Petersen

space of the Sahara. The second part of the chapter focuses on the migrants’ perilous journey from the coast of Africa across the Mediterranean Sea to the shores of Europe as it has been evoked in the British artist and filmmaker Isaac Julien’s video installation Western Union: Small Boats (2007). This part of the chapter considers issues of European border politics and securitisation, along with their consequences for forced migrants. Both works illustrate some affinity with the current in contemporary art that Veronica Tello has called counter-memorial aesthetics

in Migration into art
Dramatic and civil logics of the European state-form
Jacques Lezra

, and condensed within the familiar deforming figure of the pirate – is determining for how the so-called Mediterranean is imagined in British early modernity. Here, I stenographically trace out the translation system among these four lexicons, suggest that the relays between the notions of sovereignty, the ‘nation’ (in the sense of ‘national

in Transnational connections in early modern theatre
A dialogue with Islam as a pattern of conflict resolution and a security approach vis-à-vis Islamism
Bassam Tibi

. There are two reasons. First, the scope of the study is broadened in the Middle East by extending the concept of peace from an Arab–Israeli one to a Mediterranean peace. In this understanding of Euro-Mediterranean peace 17 fundamentalism is viewed as a threat to political stability in the Mediterranean ( Tibi, 2000c ). Second, the direct security threat posed by Hamas or Jihad Islami is pertinent

in Redefining security in the Middle East
Abstract only
The empire and international crisis in the 1930s
Martin Thomas

to and from Mediterranean ports was made easier; tuberculosis infection and other pulmonary illnesses associated with cold conditions were minimised. 26 The War Ministry colonial section regulated the use of these colonial troops in counter-insurgency operations such as the Syrian revolt of 1925–26 and pacification operations in Morocco. Disdain for the combat

in The French empire between the wars
Abstract only
Territorial party strategies in a multi-level system
Series: Devolution
Author: Eve Hepburn

This book explores how regional political parties use Europe to advance their territorial projects in times of rapid state restructuring. It examines the ways in which decentralisation and supranational integration have encouraged regional parties to pursue their strategies across multiple territorial levels. The book constitutes the first attempt to unravel the complexities of how nationalist and statewide parties manoeuvre around the twin issues of European integration and decentralisation, and exploit the shifting linkages within multi-level political systems. In a detailed comparative examination of three cases—Scotland, Bavaria and Sardinia—over a thirty-year period, it explores how integration has altered the nature of territorial party competition and identifies the limits of Europe for territorial projects. In addressing these issues, this work moves beyond present scholarship on multi-level governance to explain the diversity of regional responses to Europe. It provides insights and empirical research on the conduct of territorial party politics, and a model of territorial mobilisation in Europe.