Abstract only
Christine Agius

shift occurs in the policies of neutral states as they attempt to fit in with the norms and values of the EU. Finally, the events of September 11, 2001 have ushered in a new era in international relations. The terrorist attacks, and the subsequent ‘war on terrorism’ have been presented as a challenge that extinguishes any claims towards a neutral stance. For the Bush

in The social construction of Swedish neutrality
1960s ex-radicals
Ashley Lavelle

: 409). Indeed, his vitriolic tone towards individuals on the left was representative of a trait common in other apostates, what Thompson calls a ‘peculiar and vengeful kind of bitterness which a certain kind of man finds for an idealized mistress who has disappointed him’ (Thompson, 1969: 173). His main gripe was with the leftists – the ‘Chomsky-Zinn-Finkelstein quarter’ – who after September 11 drew attention to the litany of American foreign policy 11  Some say that a turning point was his departure from the UK and arrival in the US in 1981, when he stopped

in The politics of betrayal
Jaewoo Choo

in the creation of the ‘Shanghai Five’ in 1996, a grouping that was subsequently enlarged with the addition of Uzbekistan in 1999 and formalised in 2001 with the creation of the SCO.5 The Shanghai process generated cooperation agreements in various issue areas, ranging from border disputes to economic cooperation to anti-terrorism measures. In this way, China established a firm diplomatic presence in the region. The September 11 terrorist attacks on New York and Washington, DC, 105 2504Chap6 7/4/03 12:40 pm Page 106 Security threats however, have had a lasting

in Limiting institutions?
Nuclear themes in American culture, 1945 to the present
Paul Boyer

Russia, the United States will still possess six thousand nuclear warheads in 2012, twenty­two hundred of them fully armed – a total that would have horrified the atomic scientists of 1945. The George W. Bush administration, meanwhile, sought funds for ‘robust nuclear earth penetrators’, also known as ‘bunker busters.’ If the ultimate nightmare of global thermonuclear war had faded, v 75 v Paul Boyer nuclear proliferation remained a grave danger. Even as Americans grappled with post-September 11 fears of terrorists acquiring nuclear weapons or know­how, concerns about

in Understanding the imaginary war
Open Access (free)
Towards a contemporary aesthetic
Jonathan Dollimore

and stirring potent if as yet localised racism. Some predict that it will only take another economic depression for the reappearance in Britain of the barbarism witnessed in Eastern Europe in the 1990s. Finally, as Hesse well knew, the realm of the aesthetic, even or especially when it tries to stand above the political, never escapes it. Days after my writing the above in 2001 there occurred the September 11th terrorist attacks on New York and Washington, subsequent to which Britain signed up to another war, one whose scope and extent was, and remains, unknowable

in The new aestheticism
Open Access (free)
Jenny Edkins

events of September 11 could take place. He pointed out that ‘the social world … is not something that we observe, it is something we inhabit, and we can never stand in relationship to it as neutral observer’.3 Of course, as mentioned in the previous chapter and discussed more fully in the next, neither is the ‘natural’ world. The two cannot be distinguished in any case. Smith called on us not to evade our inevitable ethical responsibility but to speak truth to power, whilst at the same time quoting Max Weber on the dangers of political intervention: ‘whoever wants to

in Change and the politics of certainty
Abstract only
The language of the European Union’s ‘fight against terrorism’
Christopher Baker-Beall

what type of threat they represent in the post-September 11 era. Similarly, the ‘fight against terrorism’ and the ‘war on terror’ are comparable in that they are both influential political discourses that have been invoked by politicians and policy-makers to justify and legitimise not only practices of counter-terrorism but also their own political authority in the field of security. The second point involves the discursive construction of the terrorism threat and the significant role that ‘imagination’, ‘anticipation’ and ‘precaution’ plays in this. It will be

in The European Union’s fight against terrorism
David P. Calleo

2504Chap13 7/4/03 12:42 pm Page 247 13 Reflections on Eurasian security David P. Calleo It seems an especially appropriate moment for American scholars to consider the long-term issues of Eurasian security. At this time, of course, it is not easy to have a long-term vision of anything. Since the atrocities of September 11 2001, the world seems to have changed for us in fundamental ways. Old trends, therefore, may no longer apply. It is not true, however, that the hatred of the United States that exploded on September 11 began on that same day. Indeed, even

in Limiting institutions?
Abstract only
Rachel Foxley

Conclusion . T he Levellers, by 1649, were a force worth defeating. The defeat of the army mutineers was one branch of the new regime’s suppression of radical dissent in the spring of 1649. The arrest of the Leveller leaders Lilburne, Walwyn, Overton, and Prince was another. It was Lilburne who had launched the attack on the new regime in the first part of Englands New Chains Discovered, but this challenge to the new regime was issued in the name of ‘a part of the People’, who were ‘the Presenters, Promoters, and Approvers of the Large Petition of September 11

in The Levellers
David Alderson

’s reflections in About Time: Narrative, fiction and the philosophy of time (Edinburgh: Gilmour and Schwarz, End of Empire and the English Novel.indd 235 18/07/2011 11:14:38 236 en d of e m pi r e a n d t he engl i sh nov el si nce 1945 Edinburgh University Press, 2007), pp. 124–32. Peggy A. Knapp considers the novel to be hyperrealist, characterised by ‘over-specification’: ‘Ian McEwan’s Saturday and the aesthetics of prose’, Novel 41: 1 (2007), pp. 122–43. 14 Fred Halliday, ‘September 11, 2001, and the Greater West Asian crisis’ in his Two Hours That Shook the World

in End of empire and the English novel since 1945