Who were the criminals?
Philip Gillett

detection. Waiting in the wings was a fourth group – juvenile delinquents. These came to the fore in the 1950s and will be considered in the next chapter. The spiv arose from a working-class subculture on the fringes of the underworld. He was a new phenomenon for the British cinema. What made him cinematic was his clothing. The well-cut suit with its wide lapels was the antithesis of the ill-fitting suit presented to every

in The British working class in postwar film
Helen Boak

Reproductive rights have been one area in which historians have seen great improvements in women’s lives during the Weimar Republic. Easier access to birth control, the relaxation in the abortion laws, the decriminalisation of prostitution, the openness about sexual matters, sex reformers’ desire to improve the nation’s knowledge about sexual pleasure and techniques and a thriving lesbian sub-culture all contributed. However, the dark side of modernity has also been seen in welfare and population policy. Peukert saw in the implementation of youth welfare

in Women in the Weimar Republic
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Emma Vickers

leisure. Much has been written about the role of the city in providing a backdrop for sexual expression and homosocial experimentation.52 Queen and Country expands this work by exploring how the various spaces appropriated and utilised by the armed forces shaped same-­sex subculture and influenced the performance of the individual. For the most part, however, men and women on active service were confined to their immediate location, unable to visit towns and cities unless they were granted leave. This forced many to discover and forge their own sites of expression and

in Queen and country
The impact of devolution and cross-border cooperation

This book examines how the conflict affects people's daily behaviour in reinforcing sectarian or ghettoised notions and norms. It also examines whether and to what extent everyday life became normalised in the decade after the 1998 Good Friday Agreement (GFA). Cross-border commerce has been the stuff of everyday life ever since the partition of Ireland back in 1921. The book outlines how sectarianism and segregation are sustained and extended through the routine and mundane decisions that people make in their everyday lives. It explores the role of integrated education in breaking down residual sectarianism in Northern Ireland. The book examines the potential of the non-statutory Shared Education Programme (SEP) for fostering greater and more meaningful contact between pupils across the ethno-religious divide. It then focuses on women's involvement or women's marginalisation in society and politics. In considering women's political participation post-devolution, mention should be made of activities in the women's sector which created momentum for women's participation prior to the GFA. The book deals with the roles of those outside formal politics who engage in peace-making and everyday politics. It explores the fate of the Northern Irish Civic Forum and the role of section 75 of the 1998 Northern Ireland Act in creating more inclusive policy-making. Finally, the book explains how cross-border trade, shopping and economic development more generally, also employment and access to health services, affect how people navigate ethno-national differences; and how people cope with and seek to move beyond working-class isolation and social segregation.

Fashion and protest
Ory Bartal

Mexican-American youths negotiated the identity of their subculture by using the zoot suit as a symbol of pride in their ethnicity and as ‘a spectacular reminder that the social order had failed to contain their energy and difference … The zoot suit was a refusal; a subcultural gesture that refused to concede to the manners of subservience.’5 Shehnaz Suterwalla, who studied four different groups of women (women who were punks in the late 1970s, women who lived at Greenham Common Women’s Peace Camp in the 1980s, black women in the hip-hop community in the 1980–90s, and

in Critical design in Japan
Lionel Laborie

it would send their children or young adults abroad for business purposes, as well as to learn languages and receive education in the Protestant religion. These split families maintained connections over several countries and would inevitably contemplate further migrations, as people sought to reunite.122 The departure of the Camisard survivors thus occurred within the last wave of a larger exodus of a relatively cosmopolitan Huguenot community toward Protestant refuges across Europe. The Cévenols belonged, however, to a distinct Calvinist subculture shaped over

in Enlightening enthusiasm
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Same city but a different place?
Madeleine Leonard

boundaries and practices of exclusion and inclusion based on generation and teen subcultures. At the same time, when young people from interface areas visit city-centre spaces, ethno-national identities often simmer beneath the surface. General impressions of Belfast It is worth starting this chapter by drawing on some of the essays that the young people produced on the good

in Teens and territory in ‘post-conflict’ Belfast
Tanya Cheadle

4 Realising a more than earthly paradise of love I f within the progressive subculture of Glasgow, the Pearces discussed the Sex Question largely in the language of feminism, in Edinburgh, its principal idiom was science. This is because the personality leading the anti-Victorian revolt in Scotland’s ‘east windy west endy’ capital was Patrick Geddes. A natural scientist by training, having studied under the anatomist and Darwinist Thomas Huxley, Geddes was a progressive by inclination. As well as holding down a part-time professorship in botany at the

in Sexual progressives
Open Access (free)
Paradoxes of hierarchy and authority in the squatters movement in Amsterdam
Author: Nazima Kadir

This book is an ethnographic study of the internal dynamics of a subcultural community that defines itself as a social movement. While the majority of scholarly studies on this movement focus on its official face, on its front stage, this book concerns itself with the ideological and practical paradoxes at work within the micro-social dynamics of the backstage, an area that has so far been neglected in social movement studies. The central question is how hierarchy and authority function in a social movement subculture that disavows such concepts. The squatters’ movement, which defines itself primarily as anti-hierarchical and anti-authoritarian, is profoundly structured by the unresolved and perpetual contradiction between both public disavowal and simultaneous maintenance of hierarchy and authority within the movement. This study analyzes how this contradiction is then reproduced in different micro-social interactions, examining the methods by which people negotiate minute details of their daily lives as squatter activists in the face of a funhouse mirror of ideological expectations reflecting values from within the squatter community, that, in turn, often refract mainstream, middle class norms.

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Reimagining intimacy in Scotland, 1880–1914
Author: Tanya Cheadle

This book provides the first group portrait of the late Victorian and Edwardian feminists and socialists who campaigned against the moral conservatism of Victorian Scotland. They include Bella and Charles Bream Pearce, prominent Glasgow socialists and disciples of an American-based mystic who taught that religion needed to be ‘re-sexed’; Jane Hume Clapperton, a feminist freethinker with advanced views on birth control and women’s right to sexual pleasure; and Patrick Geddes, founder of an avant-garde Edinburgh subculture and co-author of an influential scientific book on sex. The consideration of their lives and work undertaken here forces a reappraisal of our understanding of sexual progressivism in Britain in a number of important ways. It affirms that a precondition of ‘speaking out’ about sex was the rejection of orthodox Christianity, with alternative forms of belief providing spaces in which a new morality could be fashioned. It disrupts the long-standing perception of the fin de siècle as an era of generational challenge, highlighting the importance of considering older radicalisms, such as freethought. Finally, it emphasises the regulatory role played by socialist and feminist organisations, reluctant to reinscribe past associations between political radicalism and immorality. This meant that despite their reforming zeal, Scotland’s sexual progressives often adhered to respectable norms, deferring their reimagined intimate relationships to an idealised future.