entitled Territorial Disputes, the map is both a ‘product and process: it represents both
an encoded document of a specific environment and a network of perpetually
recoded messages passing between the various mapmakers and map readers who
participate in the event of cartographic communication’.35 These echoes, drawing
from Huggan’s analysis, are messages that pass between the mapper and reader as
an exchange of product and process. The initial sound of an echo begins at one
point, in this case that point is the mapper, and then resonates through the landscape. These
Companion to the Aran map.
Like cartographers in the past, Robinson very early on realised the limitations of the orthodox map as a mode of communication. From the seventeenth
century onwards map-makers and surveyors regularly supplemented their works
with ‘terriers’ and ‘memoirs’ containing written descriptions of the areas represented on their maps. Explanatory memoirs accompanied the maps of the
Geological Survey, for example. The OS Memoirs, Letters and Name Books in
the 1830s provided comprehensive details on the topography, settlement, economy, customs and
knowledge, ‘whisper’ is a figurative signifier chosen by
the author to describe a peculiar sonic effect produced by the action of certain
properties (wind force) upon certain materials (reeds and trees). From such a
perspective, the inference of willed communication or exchange encoded in the
word ‘whisper’ is entirely unwarranted. The subject hears nothing because there is
nothing to be heard; and to ‘hear’ nothing is to confront the limits of disciplinary
knowledge, and to confront also the existential absence at the heart of the subject
who wields that knowledge
Wylie, J. (2002) An essay on ascending Glastonbury Tor. Geoforum, 33: pp. 441–454.
Zook, M., Dodge, M., Aoyama, Y. and Townsend, A. (2004) ‘New digital geographies:
Information, communication, and place’. In: Brunn, S., Cutter, S., Harrington, J.
(eds) Geography and Technology. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, pp. 155–176.
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the privatization of cyberspace and DigiPlace. Geoforum, 38: pp. 1322–1343.
) Distinction: A Social Critique of the Judgement of Taste. Abingdon:
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The case of community initiatives promoting cycling and walking in São Paulo and London
Tim Schwanen and Denver V. Nixon
For Kaufman and colleagues, motility has three interdependent constituents (Kaufmann, Bergman and Joye, 2004 ):
Access – the portfolio of mobilities rendered possible by place-specific and time-varying conditions created by transport and communication networks and services, the built environment and urban planning, socio-economic processes, discourses and cultural values, and so on;
Competencies – the embodied operational (i.e. how things work), navigational (i.e. where things are), temporal (i.e. scheduling) and kinaesthetic (i.e. motor
of radical equality applies equally, for Dewey, as a theory of democracy and as a mode of interpersonal behaviour. For Dewey the ideal of democracy was thoroughly associated with the ideal of community. It is in the “deeply democratic community” that democracy is realised:
Dewey’s transformative prescription calls for revitalising the face-to-face local community, understood as diverse lives interconnected and sustained by full and free communication, because this is the birthing place of the democratic desire, the testing place for social inquiry, and the
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51 Personal communication with ‘Jane’, Camden tenant and Chalcots
resident, 12 December 2018.