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Integration and separation
Aaron Kent

received in the community. Less than ten years later, however, Baden-Powell arrived with the Boy Scouts and a very real competition developed for the hearts and minds of the young Jew in many quarters. 51 For despite the general successes of the JLB, the Scouting movement appeared to capture more of the attention of England’s maturing population of young boys. A report from the JLB’s first summer camp clearly defined some goals: The chief aim is to instill into the lads the feelings of manliness and honour from an

in Leeds and its Jewish Community
Leeds Jewish tailors and Leeds Jewish tailoring trade unions, 1876–1915
Anne J. Kershen

ready-to-wear men’s tailored garments increased, so did the number of Jewish tailoring hands taking the plunge and setting up on their own as masters, seizing the opportunity of acquiring cheap sewing machines and paying low rents; however, there was little security and the master one year frequently returned to being tailoring hand the next. By 1884 there were a number of large-scale workshops, a plethora of medium to small workshops and intensified competition over price and delivery. The size of the Jewish subdivisional tailoring trade in Leeds was now sufficient

in Leeds and its Jewish Community
Abstract only
Mobility and anti-Semitism in the interwar period
Amanda Bergen

Leeds firms … So when young Jews qualified they set up on their own, creating successful firms.’ 27 On occasion, anti-Semitic comments were made by other solicitors. Sterne suggests that the fact that local Jews were now entering the professions may have brought fears of ‘Jewish competition’ to the fore. 28 Jews also faced difficulty in obtaining positions in the police force. In 1918, the Jewish Chronicle noted that Jews applying to join the Special Constabulary in Leeds had been ‘declined without any apparent cause’. 29 Distrust of the

in Leeds and its Jewish Community
John Swain

(Royston and Milton) similarly fails to provide Thomas and Macfarlane with support. 37 The findings of this study do however accord with those of Malcolm Gaskill, who has shown how ‘witchcraft accusations might be explained in terms of developing social and economic competition, without tying the dynamic to any particular aspect of this change’. 38 In conclusion, it is apparent that substantial population growth in the Pendle area in the sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries put severe pressure on limited resources in this upland pastoral

in The Lancashire witches
Abstract only
Alec Ryrie

love of the Cardinal: Matthew Stewart, Earl of Lennox. Lennox was Arran’s rival for the succession to the Scottish Crown. If – as was arguable – Arran’s parents’ marriage was invalid, Lennox would be the heir in his place. As a result, the guiding principle of Lennox’s political life was that he would always oppose Arran and the Hamiltons, a principle which made him one of the most faithless and duplicitous politicians in an age when the competition was fierce. Arran was ill prepared to rule this vipers’ nest. He was a young and inexperienced man, and both

in The origins of the Scottish Reformation
The Manchester branch of the KPD
Bill Williams

-five year-old refugee from Pomerania, probably now co-opted into the KPD elite,43 became the venue for garden parties, film and slide shows, table tennis competitions, song evenings and events to mark such special occasions as what Kresse describes as ‘political weddings’. The first of these was his own. On 10 June 1939, after seven months’ delay as she evaded arrest by the Gestapo and sought a means to enter Britain, Kresse’s Slovak fiancée, Fanny, arrived in Manchester under the sponsorship of the Czech Trust Fund. Although the couple had, in fact, lived together for

in ‘Jews and other foreigners’
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The ‘lost’ Lancashire witches
Kirsteen Macpherson Bardell

hickocke.’ Despite her apparent effectiveness, she left after being caught blessing herbs by one of the physicians. 37 This description of the woman mumbling is very similar to Potts’s description of Anne Whittle, or Chattox, ‘her lippes ever chattering and walking: but no man knew what’. 38 As with the case involving Thomas Hope of Aspull at the beginning of this chapter, it is clear that many physicians did not look too kindly upon cunning folk and their practices since they were regarded as competition. Ferdinando’s mother, Margaret, had herself previously written

in The Lancashire witches
Christopher Tyerman

6 The end of colonial consensus The publication of René Grousset’s Histoire witnessed the highwater mark of the Franco-German colonial model. New research perspectives and different academic environments combined with growing unease and increasing hostility to the cultural assumptions that had underpinned it. The expansion in range and depth of scholarship came in part as a product of the demands of a burgeoning international historical profession, with its doctorates, academic journals, conferences, proliferation in history departments, job competition and

in The Debate on the Crusades
Abstract only
John Lever and Johan Fischer

, depending on the occasion. To the south of Manchester, kosher meat is available only in Cheadle and the couple generally shop in the north of the city, where there is more choice and competition between kosher businesses; south Manchester is said to be ‘more expensive’ because there is less choice. The bigger community in north Manchester, with its kosher establishments, restaurants and shops, is seen as the foundational part of the Manchester Jewish community. Some years ago, a south Manchester rabbi told them about a butcher in ‘the north’ who sold less expensive

in Religion, regulation, consumption
Peter Murray and Maria Feeney

that, while national industrial policy shifted radically away from protectionism, politics of the clientelistic and localistic variety continued to be a feature of its implementation, with the IDA replacing Industry and Commerce in the patron’s role. In ‘Laketown’, a south Mayo locality whose development association was the subject of a case study by Curtin and Varley (1986), ‘the consensus was that, given the competition for outside industry, the Association’s only hope was to strike up a special relationship with the state so that Laketown would get favoured

in Church, state and social science in Ireland