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. Historically, the conceptualisation of place and movement in the social sciences has been dominated by a dichotomisation between sendentarism and deterritorialisation, i.e. the tendency to perceive human beings as either static, and dwelling in a specific place, or as placeless nomads – and to take the locational stability of sendentarism to be the norm. The mobility turn opposes this dichotomy and testifies to the ongoing attempt to chart and understand how international migration and other mobilities – such as tourism and travel mobilities, for example – have profoundly

in Migration into art
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Writing the history of the ‘International’ Health Service

. Simpson, A. Esmail, V. S. Kalra, S. J. Snow, ‘Writing migrants back into NHS history: Addressing a “collective amnesia” and its policy implications’, Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 103:10 (2010); J. M. Simpson, ‘Reframing NHS history: Visual sources in a study of UK-​based migrant doctors’, Oral History, 42:2 (2014). 9 OECD, International Migration Outlook 2015 (Paris:  OECD Publishing, 2015), p. 111. 10 L. Doyal, G. Hunt, J. Mellor, ‘Your life in their hands: Migrant workers in the National Health Service’, Critical Social Policy, 1 (1981); L. Ryan, ‘Who

in Migrant architects of the NHS

-called ‘political turn’ in contemporary art since the 1990s, it is not surprising that a number of artists have committed themselves to spotlighting the geopolitical issue of the securitisation of borders and its recurrent fatal consequences for unwanted immigrants. Thus, the second part of this chapter focuses on this issue as part of the overall phenomenon of international migration. It examines how the enforcement of the European borders surfaces in the artistic-cinematic imaginary in an analysis of Isaac Julien’s video installation Western Union: Small Boats, and its theme of

in Migration into art
Personal and group networks

these informal personal networks for Irish and Scottish migrants. The existence of networks As seen, contrast between their homeland and new country of settlement was one of the main aspects of settlement concerning Irish and Scottish migrants. 2 There is a strong international literature focusing on the role of networks in the process of migration. See Monica Boyd, ‘Family and personal networks in international migration: recent developments and new agendas’, International Migration Review, 23:3 (1989), pp. 638–70; Douglas S. Massey, Joaquín Arango, Graeme Hugo, Ali

in Personal narratives of Irish and Scottish migration, 1921–65

8 Agrarian turmoil and the activation of mass mobility The road to emigration The search for the deepest roots of modern international migration leads back inexorably to late eighteenth-century Europe and, most generically, to the British Isles. The case depends on the weight and impressions derived from contemporary evidence, but the lines of causation are faint. The beginnings of modern mobility were essentially rural – the origins are found in country cottages and villages, and along the very long and tortuous paths which, for a minority, led to the

in The genesis of international mass migration

and for good.3 The colonies (principally in New South Wales, Van Diemen’s Land and Moreton Bay) had little to do with the main currents of international migration or its structural origins. They were not truly volitional emigrants, any more than slaves, and they were not part of the generic mechanisms of expatriation. The convicts were, however, meant to be the foundation of a productive colonisation, a self-supporting society with wider potentiality. The convicts were selected not so much for their criminality and dispensability, but for their skills as appropriate

in The genesis of international mass migration

absorbed the outflows, as if debouching from Cornwall. Cornish emigration was a near-perfect case of global rationalisation in the context of the laissez-faire world of the Pax Britannica. Mining adjustments Skilled labour always was, and still is, one of the principal driving forces in international migration. Skill has been a passport to mobility, adventure and better incomes. Frank Thistlethwaite, father of many of the best organising ideas regarding the history of mass migration, remarked that ‘Skill acts, as it were, as a radioactive tracer in the blood stream of

in The genesis of international mass migration
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Royal Indonesian visits to the Dutch court in the early twentieth century

–1940’, International Migration Review , 41:2 (2007), 511–536; Susan Legêne, ‘Dwinegeri: Multiculturalism and the Colonial Past’, in Benjamin Kaplan, Marybeth Carlson and Laura Cruz (eds), Boundaries and their Meanings in the History of the Netherlands (Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2009), pp. 223–242. 36 KHA A50 Xxa

in Royals on tour
The case of Lebanon’s naturalised Palestinians

: Reflections on the Mechanisms that Cement Their Persistent Poverty.” Refugee Survey Quarterly 31 (1): 34–53. Hanafi, S. and T. Long. 2010. “Governance, Governmentalities, and the State of Exception in the Palestinian Refugee camps of Lebanon.” Journal of Refugee Studies 23 (2): 134–59. Heater, D. 2004. A Brief History of Citizenship. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. Hourani, G. G. and Sensenig-Dabbous, E. 2012. “Naturalized Citizens: Political Participation, Voting Behavior, and Impact on Elections in Lebanon (1996–2007).” Journal of International Migration and

in The politics of identity
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Europe and its Muslim minorities

-free mortgage: the bank does not loan money to the buyer, but buys the property or object from the seller, then re-sells it to the property buyer at a profit. The latter reimburses the bank in instalments. More to the point, according to the Global Commission on International Migration, in the year 2000 some 86 million of the world’s migrants were economically active – over half of all migrants. Those in Europe contributed billions of euros to the economic outputs of their host countries.34 It was found in Britain that on balance immigration contributes to the state more than

in Haunted presents