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Krista Maglen

primary international port – the socalled ‘emporium of the world’ – is central to the analysis. In addition, but perhaps more critical to understanding the book’s general focus on London, are the particular patterns of migration to and through Britain in the so-called ‘period of mass migration’ from 1880 to 1914. Unlike important Northern ports such as Hull, Newcastle and Liverpool, London was a ‘true’ immigrant port, in that the majority of migrants who arrived into the metropolis remained in the city. While immigrant communities did settle in the North and become

in The English System
Cerwyn Moore

by the Ottomans, creating a new vilayet of Kosovo.1 The general deterioration in religious relations was heightened by mass expulsions in ‘Muslim lands taken over by Serbia, Bulgaria and Montenegro in 1877–8’.2 These mass migrations from parts of Serbia were coupled with the movement of refugees into and the emigration of Serbs out of Kosovo. At the international level, the influence of the Ottoman Turks continued to decline, while new Slav nationalist movements sprung up in the South Balkans, producing a general sense of unease in the region. In short, the

in Contemporary violence
Mariusz Korzeniowski

from being destroyed, depended on how individual commanders interpreted the orders they received.3 It is worth adding that the delayed revocation of v 66 v Refugees from Polish territories in Russia some orders by the Russian High Command may have been an attempt to create the impression that its ‘orders were misunderstood and misapplied by the authorities here [i.e. in the Kingdom of Poland]’.4 Exodus Capturing the onset of this mass migration of civilians into the interior of Russia is extremely difficult, as eye-witness accounts and memoirs are not numerous. The

in Europe on the move
John M. MacKenzie

Highlands and in Australia, emigrant letters, and case studies in what he called ‘precipitate mass migration’. He was also able to develop his major new study entitled ‘The Origins of Modern Migration’. At the end of his visit, he did some more research in the Stafford Record Office. Eric is often to be found ‘on the wing’ to his many international academic assignments, so it is

in Imperial expectations and realities
Daniel Gorman

followed throughout the Commonwealth. While the British Nationality Act did facilitate large-scale colonial emigration to Britain, the Act in fact acknowledged the existence of multiple citizenships within the Commonwealth as opposed to creating a single Commonwealth (imperial) citizenship. The mass migration to Britain of non-white subjects, a process

in Imperial citizenship
T. M. Devine

explain why clearance was not always followed by mass migration from the Highland region itself because often evicted families were able to scrape an uncertain existence in overcrowded townships and slum villages by relying on seasonal work elsewhere. Both agriculture and industry in the south had an even greater need for temporary labour in the nineteenth century than even before. Industrialisation had produced a much more complex labour market with new occupations, changes in traditional jobs and growing specialisation of functions. Technology was advancing but most

in Clanship to crofters’ war
Abstract only
Katherine Foxhall

the lifeblood not just of Australia, but of colonies in general. Ships were sources of labour, news, goods and food, ideas and government orders, but they also induced great anxiety. Most importantly, voyages were not separate from the social, political, cultural, and environmental contexts through which they began, passed, and ended. Through the experiences of people who travelled, I see voyages as assemblages: medical concerns, military priorities, social hierarchy, penal reform, mass migration, colonial politics, and

in Health, medicine, and the sea
Technologies of mobility and transnational lives
Torben Krings, Elaine Moriarty, James Wickham, Alicja Bobek and Justyna Salamońska

reinforced each other. There is little doubt that without fast-expanding air travel, mass migration between Ireland and Poland would not have occurred on the same scale. However, it was of course not only the availability of low-cost air travel but also the changed regulatory environment after 2004 which created a new experience of mobility. As recalled by Filip: I do remember how I used to fly, I don’t know, to England, these humiliating experiences on the border. For me it is a big, big change … And now I’m flying to London next month and I know it will be kind of (like

in New mobilities in Europe
Abstract only
Conflict, media and displacement in the twenty-first century
Kirsten Forkert, Federico Oliveri, Gargi Bhattacharyya and Janna Graham

recent years conflicts, in particular in Syria, have been represented as of interest to Western audiences because they result in ‘mass migrations’ towards Europe, producing the so-called ‘refugee crisis’. 3. Where direct Western intervention has been a central factor (Afghanistan, Iraq, Libya), mainstream media have often presented conflicts as resulting from the 9 How media and conflicts make migrants failures of ‘great men’. In the UK much coverage of the Iraq War returns to the allegedly flawed character of Tony Blair and his personal responsibility for the

in How media and conflicts make migrants
Sunil S. Amrith

lands of origin and with their counterparts settled elsewhere. 6 In C. A. Bayly’s view, the study of transnational history is inextricable from the study of diasporas, since they act as conduits of capital, cultural practice, trust and information; diaspora networks have been at least as important as states and official agencies in stimulating mass migration in the modern world. 7 As expansive and ethnically diverse

in Writing imperial histories