(ed.) Health and the Modern Home (New York: Routledge, 2007); Edmund Ramsden, ‘Stress in the City: Mental Health, Urban Planning, and the Social Sciences in the Postwar United States’, in Cantor and Ramsden (eds) Stress, Shock, and Adaptation ; Mathew Thomson, ‘Neurasthenia in Britain: An Overview’, in Marijke Gijswijt-Hofstra and Roy Porter (eds) Cultures of Psychiatry and MentalHealthCare in Postwar Britain and the Netherlands , Clio Medica / The Wellcome Series in the History of Medicine (Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2001); Haggett, Desperate Housewives ; Haggett
8 Melling and Forsythe, The Politics of Madness, pp. 107–108.
9 Wright, ‘The Certification of Insanity’, 268.
10 N. Tomes, ‘The Anglo-American Asylum in Historical Perspective’, in C. Smith and
J. A. Giggs (eds), Location and Stigma. Contemporary Perspectives on Mental Health and
MentalHealthCare (Boston: Unwin Hyman, 1998), p. 14.
11 Wright, ‘Family Strategies and Institutional Confinement of Idiot Children’, 190–208;
Finnane, Insanity and the Insane, pp. 175–220; Walton, ‘Lunacy in the Industrial
12 H. Marland
and Forsythe, The Politics of Madness, pp. 186–189; S. Cherry, MentalHealthCare in Modern England. The Norfolk Lunatic Asylum, St. Andrew’s Hospital, 1810–1998
(Woodbridge: Boydell Press, 2003), p. 74.
46 When a t-test is carried out, the high value of 2.95 rejects the null hypothesis. This
is an unlikely result confirming that women spent longer in the asylum during this
47 See chapter three.
48 This result is not as significant as it would seem, because it was heavily influenced by
the disparity between the numbers of male and female patients in
Physician-publics, citizen-audiences and a half-century of health-care
debates in Canada
Sasha Mullally and Greg Marchildon
Immigrants described as ‘sturdy seekers’ from the UK,
Scandinavia and the Balkans, among other regions, took to farming and shaped
the agrarian communities of the province in an environment that required them
to be ‘solidly self-dependent’. MacTaggart wrote in great detail
about physician-government collaborative programmes for tuberculosis, cancer
and mentalhealthcare, as well as the municipal doctor
Transgender patients in early Swedish medical research
hospital built in 1872. In the 1950s and 1960s it specialized in anti-psychotic treatment with new psychotropic medicines as an alternative to permanent state custody.
A 1969 article by Forssman and Wålinder gives a picture of mentalhealthcare at St Jörgen’s hospital. The authors write about ‘the astonishingly good results’ with lithium experiments in comparison to electroshock treatment, insulin-induced coma or lobotomy. One patient, a forty-three-year-old woman who was institutionalized at the age of sixteen for ‘attacks of uneasiness, violence and stupor’, had
(London, 1736), pp. 1–11. Samuel
Richardson, Familiar Letters on Important Occasions, ed. Brian Westerdale Downs (New York: Dodd, Mead, 1928), pp. 200–1. See also Max
Byrd, Visits to Bedlam: Madness and Literature in the Eighteenth Century
(Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1975).
86 Swift, A Tale of a Tub, pp. 85–6.
87 Steven Cherry, MentalHealthCare in Modern England: The Norfolk Lunatic Asylum (Woodbridge and Rochester, NY: Boydell Press, 2003), p. 25.
88 Scull, Andrew, The Most Solitary of Afflictions: Madness and Society in
Nursing (London, 1993), p. 1.
2 For example, the MACA, examined in Chapter 5, deployed lady volunteers to visit
its cases in their homes or places of work to check on the progress of their recipients and resolve any difficulties with their employers. The Central Association
for Mental Welfare also engaged in work with the mentally disordered within
the community. See L. Westwood, ‘Avoiding the Asylum: Pioneering Work in
MentalHealthCare, 1890–1939’ (DPhil thesis, Sussex University, 1999).
3 On the growing popularity of psychological thought, see M. Thomson
’s epidemiological study offered
new possibilities for the analysis of children’s
developmental and psychological problems using social-psychiatric
methods. Drawing from childhood psychosis research, it established
autism, the major symptom of childhood psychosis, as a label that
could be used in the rapidly changing landscape of mentalhealthcare for children. This label has stuck