Johanna Gondouin, Suruchi Thapar-Björkert and Ingrid Ryberg
biological labour and situating the notion of motherhood in a larger context
of issues of reproductive work, the series offers a rich and complex reflection on the current debate about the global division of reproductive work
across axes of gender, race, nationality, migration status, and class (Colen,
1995; Ginsburg and Rapp, 1995; Parreñas, 2000; Shanley, 2001; Vora, 2008;
Yngvesson, 2010). However, while critics have recognised motherhood,
misogyny, sexism, and gendered violence as central themes in China Girl,
surprisingly few comments address the racial
traces the Baghdadis’ relationship with
the British, focusing on a number of interdependent aspects: nationality, Anglicisation, and
social interaction. The main aim of this chapter is to define the ambiguous positioning of the
Baghdadis vis-à-vis the British, and to show that their marginality did not
represent, as a whole, a significant hindrance to their sojourn in the Shanghai foreign
The gates of the Middle Kingdom open
This exploration of the trade diaspora of Baghdadi Jews
to India and China starts
ﬁnancial assistance. This chapter examines the ways migrants depended on these two sources
of ﬁnance and looks too at the range of preparations they undertook having
elected to migrate. In doing so the chapter relies not solely on migrant testimonies, but on a range of shipping sources to assess claims made in personal
accounts. It broadly argues that similar elements operated in the process of
organising migration, even though certain speciﬁcs differed according to the
nationality of migrants and their chosen destination.
The role of personal networks
If conditions at
When is a door not a door? When it’s ajar.
Arthur & George is a book about unlikely pairings and questionable divisions. It is a fiction about truth and relativity, perception and rationality, fear and authority. Drawing on the real-life investigation by Arthur Conan Doyle of a miscarriage of justice, it explores the borderlines of nationality and ethnicity, evidence and imagination, doubt and faith, fact and fiction, endings and beginnings. Above all, it underlines the power of
nationalism. Modern nationalism is, as all agree, in pivotal
senses invented but, pace Anderson (1991), the means and forms of invention
are manifold: Africa campaigns constitute one facet of Britain’s ‘imagining’.
Furthermore, they rely on a morality which is a mixture of sentiments of
national grandeur and empathy for Africans. In this sense, these campaigns
compose an imperial7 tradition that has as its dual premises a narcissistic view
of Britishness and a projection of British moral virtue onto Africa. A self-perception of a nationality uniquely shaped as ‘possessors
limited only to defending the rights of native-born ‘English’. Instead of developing a separate code for the Normans, then, the law simply adapted and expanded to take on certain of the northern French customs that the invaders regarded as important to their needs. 1 Nationality showed up most visibly in the period after the Norman Conquest of 1066 in the process known as presentment of Englishry. If it was proved that a murder victim was Norman, then the local community bore collective responsibility and had to pay a penalty (the murdrum fine) to the king. 2 In
Edward Shils was an important figure in twentieth century social theory, and a true transatlantic thinker who divided his time between the University of Chicago and the U.K. He was friends with many important thinkers in other fields, such as Michael Polanyi and Saul Bellow. He became known to sociologists through his brief collaboration with Talcott Parsons, but his own thinking diverged both from Parsons and conventional sociology. He developed but never finalized a comprehensive image of human society made up of personal, civic, and sacred bonds. But much of his thought was focused on conflicts: between intellectuals and their societies, between tradition and modernity, ideological conflict, and conflicts within the traditions of the modern liberal democratic state. This book explores the thought of Shils, his relations to key figures, his key themes and ideas, and his abiding interests in such topics as the academic tradition and universities. Together, the chapters provide the most comprehensive picture of Shils as a thinker, and explain his continuing relevance.
Simon Walker studied modern history at Magdelen College, Oxford, graduating with first-class honours in 1979. When Walker began researching the retinue of John of Gaunt in 1980, 'bastard feudalism' had been the subject of debate for thirty-five years. A study of John of Gaunt's retinue could be expected to throw important, if not decisive, light on these problems. For not only was his the largest retinue in late medieval England, but for thirty years the duke himself had a dominant role in the domestic, military and diplomatic policy of England. In 1994, Michael Jones and Walker published for the Camden Society an edition of all the surviving private life indentures for peace and war apart from those of John of Gaunt and William, Lord Hastings. Walker's introduction to the volume reviewed the evolution of life indentures, the range of services they embraced, the regulation of obligations for service and reward, and the changing role of such indentures over the period 1278-1476. From these broad investigations into the balance of power between magnates and gentry, Walker returned to examine how, in individual cases, two men from different backgrounds built their careers on noble and royal patronage. Walker then turned to examine the retrospective view of the 1399 revolution in literate culture. He used case studies to build up a picture of collective mentalities among different social grades and vocational worlds, hoping ultimately to construct a new approach to the tensions and strength of the late medieval polity.
Many European countries, their imperial territories, and rapidly Europeanising imitators like Japan, established a powerful zone of intellectual, ideological and moral convergence in the projection of state power and collective objectives to children. This book is an introduction to the 'imperial' images of the Indian, African and Chinese, created for the youth of Britain through their history textbooks and popular periodicals. Focusing on materials produced for children, by textbook historians and the popular press, it provides a study of both the socialization of the young and the source of race perceptions in 20th-century British society. Against a backdrop of promoting the 'wonderful development of the Anglo-Saxon race', textbook historians approached British India as the primary example of imperial achievement. Chinese characters continued to feature in the periodicals in a variety of situations, set both in China and the wider world. Africa was a favoured setting for adventure in the years between the world wars, and African characters of long standing retained their popularity. While much of the 'improving' material began to disappear, reflecting the move toward a youth-centred culture, Indian, African and Chinese characters still played an important role in stories and features. The images of race continued into the inter-war years. The book shows how society secures the rising generation in the beliefs of the parent society, and how the myths of race and nationality became an integral part of Britain's own process of self identification.
Immigration is relatively new in Spain, and hence government policies are struggling to manage the diversity it entails. This book examines the social conditions and political questions surrounding Spanish diversity, and gives a comprehensive view on how Spain is orienting its diversity management following a practical approach. It also examines specific immigrant nationalities, current institutional practices and normative challenges on how Spain is managing diversity. The mosque debate and the effects of the Danish Cartoon Affair on the traditional moros and cristianos festivals are explored. The book addresses the context of educational challenges related to immigration, and the policy approaches to the management of immigration-related diversity in education. It discusses policies and practices to combat discrimination in the labour market, with special reference to the transposition and implementation of the EU anti-discrimination directives. The book looks at political participation and representation of immigrants by describing the public debate on voting rights, the legal framework and the various debates about the possibilities for granting immigrants voting rights. This is done through an analysis of the Foro para la Integracion de los Inmigrantes (FII), and the main characteristics of the management of immigrant associations by the City Councils of Madrid and Barcelona. The book concludes that Spain is a laboratory for diversities, with a 'practical philosophy' of diversity management within a complex identitarian, historical and structural context that limits policy innovation and institutional change.