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Douglas Blum

: Beyond Parochialism in International Relations History’, in Yosef Lapid and Friedrich Kratochwil (eds), The Return of Culture and Identity in IR Theory (Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 1996), pp. 65–84; also Ted Hopf, Social Construction of International Politics: Identities and Foreign Policies, Moscow, 1955 and 1999 (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2002 ). 8 As David Campbell observes, ‘the state more often than not precedes the nation: . . . nationalism is a construct of the state in pursuit of its legitimacy’. David Campbell, Writing Security: United States

in Limiting institutions?
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Cormac Behan

and opportunities for participative citizenship. The Irish experience indicates that, even when prisoners are enfranchised, obstacles remain, both real and symbolic, to prisoners embracing citizenship fully. The book begins with an analysis of the theoretical and legal arguments for and against the enfranchisement of citizens behind bars. The standpoints taken by different sides in the debate usually indicate their perspectives on democracy, punishment and the social construction of criminality. Chapter 1 outlines the historical development of ‘civic death’ statutes

in Citizen convicts
Mandakini Pant

common issue, interest or concern, and articulating their common concerns and priorities in meetings to influence district level planning and implementation; • to demystify the social construction of gender to initiate the processes of change by enabling women leaders to make informed choices and exercise power; • to build agency of women leaders. Content • Perspective building on governance, gender and leadership and their interrelationships, gender, gender discrimination, sexual harassment; violence against women, sanitation. 109 MUP_Hall.indd 109 30/07/2013 17

in Knowledge, democracy and action
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Northern Ireland and International Relations theory
Timothy J. White

. See J. Ruane and J. Todd, ‘A changed Irish nationalism? The significance of the Good Friday Agreement of 1998’, in J. Ruane, J. Todd, and A. Mandeville (eds), Europe’s Old States in the New World: The Politics of Transition in Britain, France, and Spain (Dublin: University College Dublin Press, 2003). 2 A. Wendt, ‘Anarchy is what states make of it: The social construction of power p ­ olitics’, International Organization, 46:2 (1992), 391–425. 3 Nancy Soderberg, ‘In America’, in Seán Farren and Denis Haughey (eds), John Hume: Irish Peacemaker (Dublin: Four Courts

in Theories of International Relations and Northern Ireland
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Evgeny Roshchin

/ moralist and sceptical/realist perspectives is a product of ‘the social construction’ of knowledge. The construction can be traced back to early modern theoretical, and hence rhetorical, debate over the principles upon which relations among sovereign polities in international society are built. Making a successful and convincing contribution to the debate required re-describing the concept of friendship in naturalistic and ethical terms. Thenceforth, the naturalistic and ethical concept of friendship established itself as dominant and effectively foreclosed theoretical

in Friendship among nations
Christy Kulz

treatment race and class receive as categories is therefore tied to the context of Urbanderry and the shifting significance of Goldport in the public imaginary. Although unfixed, race and class are fictions made real through the parameters of institutions and the treatment they mete out. Through the performances that institutions like Dreamfields both prefer and demand, and which in turn are noticed and negotiated by students, these categories are produced and given stability. Critiquing social constructionism’s reiteration of race, Nayak asks: To what extent is whiteness

in Factories for learning
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Resilient families
Jane Gray, Ruth Geraghty and David Ralph

through the acquisition of cultural capital, especially in the education system. The demographic and socio-economic changes affecting children’s lives were intertwined with a transformation in the social construction and meanings of childhood. Compared to the first half of the twentieth century in Ireland, today childhood is expected to be a special, carefree stage of life. Nevertheless, children are subjected to new forms of surveillance and control by adults, partly in response to increases in perceived risks, but also in response to the impulse towards concerted

in Family rhythms
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Contextualising the ‘politics of old age’
Martha Doyle

the impact of transforming old age from a time of relative security to a period of significant risk (Biggs and Powell, 2001). Underlying this neoliberal globalised agenda is the ‘individualization of the social’ (Ferge, 1997) and the argument that individuals, rather than the state, must take responsibility for their own welfare. The impact of the globalisation of capital on old age policy has also become more discernible since the 1990s (Phillipson, 2002). Within this global framework the social construction of older people as a deserving group and the assumption

in The politics of old age
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Frederick H. White

became further entwined within the imagination of his reading public. More specifically, the codification of illness in fin de siècle Russia was based on the social construction of disease and the individual’s internalization of these constructs. 31 Critics have tried to make connections between Andreev’s literary themes and those of Dostoevskii.32 Madness, criminality and alienation, however, are themes which cannot be ascribed to a single author or literary influence; these are a reflection of larger social anxieties. As a result, this study has asked scholars to

in Degeneration, decadence and disease in the Russian fin de siècle
Lesley Pruitt and Erica Rose Jeffrey

International Relations (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015). 6 S. Marston, ‘The social construction of scale’, Progress in Human Geography , 24 (2000), p. 232. 7 Ibid ., p. 220; A. Björkdahl and S. Buckley-Zistel, Spatializing Peace and Conflict: Mapping the Production of

in Dancing through the dissonance