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african presence was, at this stage, no focus on Africa as a campaign image or as deserving special attention. The campaign was focused on poverty as a mass human condition. Throughout 2004, the strategic planning and organisation building for the campaign took place. In late 2004, the name Make Poverty History was adopted by the coalition, along with the three ‘straplines’ of debt, aid, and trade. These three policy/issue reference points were the product of a process of negotiation within the coalition in which each participating NGO wished to project its own

in The African presence

development and colonial administration in British Africa during the Second World War. In particular, it demonstrates the expatriate business community’s disaffection with the British record of economic development and a complete lack of faith in the Colonial Office’s ability to forge development policy without the aid of the business community. These essays made numerous proposals

in Developing Africa

policies of external forces as on the ability of African countries themselves. Since 2003, when the United States aggressively stepped up its counterterrorism efforts on the continent, Washington has sought to redefine the nature of the terrorist threat from the perspective of the American-led war on terror. Unfortunately, this approach is patently ill-suited to tackling the complex problems that breed terrorism in Africa. The danger here is that “Washington will continue treating Africa as simply another front in the war on terror, thereby neglecting real security needs

in African security in the twenty-first century
Losing friends and failing to influence

9 Economic Partnership Agreements and Africa: losing friends and failing to influence Christopher Stevens Both the Euro-­Africa Summit of December 2007 in Lisbon and its successor in Tripoli of November 2010 illustrate Europe’s difficulty in marrying its rhetorical goal of a strategic partnership with Africa and its trade policy towards the continent. The lofty aims of the Lisbon Summit were lost in a bad tempered row over Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs), given that it took place one month before what the EU billed as the ‘ultimate deadline’ for interim

in The European Union in Africa
The short history of Indian doctors in the Colonial Medical Service, British East Africa

representing the state locally were changeable. What was considered in one decade to be fitting to the times was evidently thought not to be appropriate in another. As such, this contribution to the history of Indians in the East African Colonial Medical Service highlights the way that colonial staffing policies were shaped by factors that went beyond the organisational effectiveness or the practical

in Beyond the state

left South Africa for the UK (via Botswana) in 1976, they eventually came into contact with the Militant Tendency (still within the Labour Party at that time), through dialogue with its leader, the South African Trotskyist, Ted Grant. In London, both Ensor and Petersen continued to work for Anti-apartheid solidarity 73 SACTU, with Ensor working as personal assistant to John Gaetsewe, the SACTU General Secretary, and Petersen becoming editor of SACTU’s Londonproduced newspaper Workers’ Unity. In 1979 Petersen issued a memorandum to the National Executive

in Waiting for the revolution

Algeria, Angola and later the struggle against apartheid in South Africa, did not have the same prominence in relations between Washington and London as the Congo crisis. In addition, the nature of Anglo-​American cooperation in Africa had subtly changed. In January 1966 the State Department took stock of its relationship with Britain vis-​à-​vis America’s policy towards Africa, recognising that ‘No longer is the UK the “workshop” of the world’. As the Congo experience had shown repeatedly, Britain’s ability to wield influence among former colonies was increasingly

in The diplomacy of decolonisation

he was tired of not being paid by that financially strapped institution, or possibly, as the historian Penny Von Eschen suggests, because African-American editors lured by Truman’s promise of fairer treatment in the United States preferred a less combative stance towards American policy abroad. Whatever the reason for Padmore’s break with the ANP, it had a ‘devastating impact on [ANP] news coverage

in Ending British rule in Africa

War. From Leopold’s efforts to define the international project and shape the international system with the Congress of Berlin in 1878, to Morel’s campaign for the prevention of atrocities against the Congolese people, to Casement’s condemnation of standards and practices of Belgian colonial governance, the Congo continued to be perceived as a testing grounds for ideas about how to manage relations with Africa and policies defining internationalisms towards the region. Therefore, the independence crisis that erupted in the Congo in 1960 had its roots in the longer

in The diplomacy of decolonisation

9780719055157_4_006.qxd 20/3/09 12:05 PM Page 126 6 The European Union and ‘inner core’ departments Introduction This chapter explores the way in which the EU has impinged upon the inner core of departments most engaged in EU policy-making in UK central government.1 In seeking a comprehensive approach, we have prioritised certain parts of the Whitehall European policy-making network. Leaving aside the ‘hub’ of the network, already covered in Chapter 5, these categories are: • An inner core of ministries with extensive involvement in the EU: DEFRA, the

in The Europeanisation of Whitehall