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wider set of data, for instance regarding the causes of economic crisis, and the overall trajectory of the modern liberal and capitalist economy. Here the means of generalisation is largely by articulating smaller causal narratives with larger ones. The material in this study is being made sense of by a judicious balance of these two rather separate ways of understanding. This distinction echoes many classic distinctions between functional and historical, or synchronic and diachronic modes of analysis. I have come to the practical view that this is necessary for the

in Salvage ethnography in the financial sector
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Place, identity and peacebuilding

actors are involved. Recently, there has been a turn towards examining and differentiating the identity of agents in peacebuilding interventions (Kappler 2015; Orjuela 2008; Richmond 2011). Predominantly the literature continues to use the vaguest dichotomy, ‘international’ and ‘local’, to delineate in the broadest sense those who intervene to supply peace and those who receive it. In response, post-colonial critiques of peacebuilding interventions use hybridity as an analytical lens to open up the scope for rethinking the hierarchies and cartographies of peacebuilding

in The politics of identity
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Potentials of disorder in the Caucasus and Yugoslavia

behind territories, equipped with titular nations, territorial bureaucracies, territorial media, proto-democratic institutions, such as parliaments (soviets), and an ethno-territorial elite that was ready to take over this legacy. In the case of Yugoslavia and the USSR, these borders thus formed a template for status conflicts. Other residues of empire are not territorial, but functional (Rubin and Snyder 1998: 6). These include military organisations, economic networks of supply and production, networks of party or business nomenclature or parts of bureaucracies that

in Potentials of disorder
Does popular culture mean popular language?

syllable aller; fée; j’irai; poignée allais; fait; j’irais; poignet belle; père feu; deux; malheureux jeûne (noun); veule (adj.); –euse (suffix) jeune (adj.); veulent (verb form) peau; dos saule; rose philosophie sol; dot; port Figure 2  Distribution of mid-vowels in open and closed syllables (cf. Valdman 1976: 57) that few word-pairs are differentiated in meaning by the vowel alternations. The vowels /e/ and /ε/ have in principle a high functional yield, most frequently in their distribution in inflectional -er verb suffixes (infinitive, future, conditional, present

in Imagining the popular in contemporary French culture
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The superpower’s dilemma: to appease, repress, or transform transnational advocacy networks?

and human rights were universally applicable and their acceptance was inevitable. Operating on the front lines of norm diffusion in many of the world’s dictatorships, including China, activists and NGOs were cast as the emissaries of progress. This book asks what happens to transnational civil society actors as a result of their engagement with China, recognizing China’s power and influence as both real and meaningful. It aims to explain the multiple, divergent pathways or functional forms of advocacy campaigns in China. These forms matter because they affect

in The advocacy trap

-provoking perspective of how the politics of needs might be conceived, through others and contrary to Arendt, in terms of a potential ‘world-disclosing’ aspect, I suggest that a closer engagement with the central elements of Arendt's notion of modern politics and issues of biological necessity as anti-political is merited if we are to better understand her very differentiated critique of life-as-politics. In what follows, I unpack the implications of key features of each, in

in Death machines
A framework of inclusion and exclusion

beyond neorealism’. 12 Security cooperation and peace in post-Cold War Europe In post-Cold War Europe, security integration has been of greater consequence than security fragmentation. As noted in Chapter 1 , security differentiation means that not all the continent is peaceful, but the prevalence of peace and cooperation is sufficiently widespread and durable to give it

in Inclusion, exclusion and the governance of European Security
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The EU and the governance of European security

European security are likely to be perpetrated by nonstate actors in the service of objectives not readily recognisable by international relations scholars. Nonetheless, only the state can discharge the important functional role of responding to these disparate security threats. In that sense the state remains alive and well, yet its ability to discharge its security function has been severely compromised

in EU security governance
Satire and panegyric as forms of historical writing

, and adventure dangerously at the most eminent vices among the greatest persons’.8 Dryden similarly linked both satire and panegyric with epic, beginning the Discourse of Satire (1693) with a discussion of epic and tragedy, and arguing in the preface to Annus Mirabilis that ‘the same images serve equally for the Epique Poesie, and for the Historique and Panegyrique, which are branches of it’.9 Physician-cum-poet Richard Blackmore linked satire with epic and tragedy on functional rather than stylistic grounds, contending that all three genres aimed ‘to deter Men from

in Historical literatures
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, since, as table 4.2 illustrates, the variegated apathy that results as political energies are deflected onto the spheres of cultural and personal life can actually serve as a functional equivalent for legitimacy, despite the resulting attenuation of democratic participation. Viewed in comparison with the internal perspective, a gap in Moravcsik’s argument becomes apparent. For while it shares with Habermas’s writings an acknowledgement of public apathy and the decline of parliaments (Moravcsik, 2002: 613, 622), the adverse implications for ‘democracy’ of these

in Habermas and European Integration (second edition)