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Absence and presence in Reykjavik, Iceland, 1972
John Sharples

concentration at the board, they demonstrate a complex relationship to codes of American masculinity and mental superiority. Talk-show host Dick Cavett, after interviewing Fischer in 1971, suggested that his audience had expected ‘a frail little fellow with thick glasses and [were] … surprised by the width of [his] shoulders and the fact that [he looked] like an athlete’.50 Just as the coexistence of mental ability and physical prowess challenged a certain cultural image of the chessplayer, so Fischer’s individuality, praised by Sports Illustrated, also went against a trend

in A cultural history of chess-players
Pat O’Connor

choosing to enter male dominated areas of employment are implicitly resisting a stereotypical occupational path. In that context they ‘may perform femininity or resist such a performance’ (Mackenzie Davey, 2008: 655) but in any case have to deal with this challenge. In such a context women’s positioning is always relative to men, i.e. as ‘supportive/submissive’ or posing ‘resistance and … disruptive of hegemonic masculinities’ (Bird, 2003: 367). Kanter (1993: 236) in her classic work suggested that such pressures were particularly acute in a context where women were in

in Management and gender in higher education
Nicole Vitellone

explored the ways in which young men and young women understand sex and sexuality and the way in which they relate to dominant ideals of masculinity and femininity provides an alternative empirical basis from which educational initiatives can develop’. Research on young heterosexual men from Scotland conducted by Wight (1993a, 1994a, 1994b, 1996) addressed the specific impacts of masculinity and class on young men’s ability to understand the term ‘safer sex’ and practise heterosex with a condom. These studies along with the research findings are analysed in greater

in Object matters
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Karen Throsby

local training sites. As is discussed further in Chapter 6, homosocial bonds among men commonly rely upon collective demonstrations of normative masculinity that shore up both masculinity and heterosexuality of the space  – for example, through homophobic and sexist jokes, and the cautious management of touch and bodily display, especially in sport where semi-nudity and public changing is the norm (Wheaton 2004b; Evers 2009). All of these strategies rely on the assumption that none of the group is gay, coercing a ‘culture of silence’ among those who are (Bridel and

in Immersion
David Hesse

play-­actors, Scots and Native American share several characteristics, from tribal organisation to images of primal masculinity and political resilience. There are also similar problems of congruency between the Romantic images and the modern-­day realities in Scotland and North America. The proximity of the two dreamscapes is striking, as Scots and Indians have fought on different sides during much of the past 300 years – the ‘tribal brotherhood’ of Highlanders and Indians which is sometimes conjured by Scottish and American historians clearly ignores the fact that

in Warrior dreams
Antonia Lucia Dawes

on the Mezzogiorno … the North was an ‘octopus’ that enriched itself at the cost of the South, its industrial and economic progress was in a direct relationship to the impoverishment of southern industry and agriculture. (Gramsci, cited in Chambers 2008 : 111) Instead, southern marginalisation was explained away as a result of a dysfunctional biological and cultural make-up, with southern Italian masculinity being stereotyped as possessive and violent, and southern femininity as submissive (Capussotti 2013 : 270). These tropes were then given scientific

in Race talk
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‘Of magic look and meaning’: themes concerning the cultural chess-player
John Sharples

, masculinities, and moralities. An epilogue considers the chess-player from an early twentyfirst-century perspective. Notes  1 D. Martin, Curious Visions of Modernity: Enchantment, Magic, and the Sacred (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2011), p. xiv.  2 Ibid., p. xv.  3 F. Moretti, Graphs, Maps and Trees: Abstract Models for Literary History (London: Verso, 2007), p. 4.  4 P. Metzner, Crescendo of the Virtuoso: Spectacle, Skill, and Self-Promotion in Paris During the Age of Revolution (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1998), p. 1.  5 Oxford English Dictionary

in A cultural history of chess-players
Open Access (free)
Anne McClintock and H. Rider Haggard
Laura Chrisman

themes. Likewise, discussion of reproduction can usefully be extended from Spivak’s formulations to include imperial masculinity and its mediation through reproductive ideology. This is precisely what Anne McClintock’s work promises to do. I want to focus here on her celebrated Imperial Leather discussion of H. Rider Haggard’s popular and influential imperialist Victorian romance King Solomon’s Mines.2 This depicts the quest for treasure in southern Africa by three British adventurers, who also restore the ‘rightful’ heir to the throne of an African kingdom. Several

in Postcolonial contraventions
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Full-time breadwinners and part-time fathers
Michael Rush

. Interestingly, Williams’ findings supported Dermott’s earlier conclusion that ‘fathers are not especially clear about what it means to be “involved” ’ (2008:500). Ironically, their memories of their own fathers and their own reflexivity on the matter of ‘father involvement’ only gave them ‘a sharper sense of what it means to be relatively uninvolved’ (2008:500). Not surprisingly, these reflexive British fathers retained varying degrees of ‘attachment to the breadwinner role’, which remained central to their sense of masculinity or sense of themselves as fathers (2008

in Between two worlds of father politics
Negotiating religious selfhoods in post-1945 England
Barry Hazley

the family promoted to the laity thus reflected the influence of wider post-war discourses on the virtues of ‘companionate marriage’, adapting the rhetoric of the Holy Family to incorporate notions of romantic love, domestic cooperation and familial intimacy. 46 Husbands were still defined as the primary providers and ultimate moral arbiters within the family; but recalibrated conceptions of Catholic masculinity also encouraged men’s increasing emotional immersion in family life, stressing the importance of fatherly care and devotion towards children, as well as

in Life history and the Irish migrant experience in post-war England